Aryan dating dating

Aryan Dating. Aryan Dating. In dating on the web, you have the choice to search for achievable dates who have the same interest, religion, location, personality, and situation as yourself. They are now able to meet the type of men they are interested in and forging it into romance and adore. Choose what happens next by clicking on a link. Ariane's response will appear in this area. The action you select will determine what happens next. Aryan's best FREE dating site! 100% Free Online Dating for Aryan Singles at Mingle2.com. Our free personal ads are full of single women and men in Aryan looking for serious relationships, a little online flirtation, or new friends to go out with. Start meeting singles in Aryan today with our free online personals and free Aryan chat! As per a report in Mumbai Mirror, Aryan has been dating a blogger in London, where he studies. It's Mommy Approved The report further states that SRK's wife and Aryan's mother Gauri Khan has met ... Aryan Dating. As daters, we are conscious that for each and each proper person there are a hundred which don’t suit. As controversial as this site has been, it has had considerably achievement and is the only site particularly made to discreetly connect married individuals with other people of the exact same interest. Edating isn’t Just for ... Kartik Aryan on dating Sara Ali khan. Image Source: India Today “Well, I want to tell you the official status. My relationship has no status. I am very much single. it’s a good thing that they (female actors) are giving me so much attention. I am blushing and I am happy and enjoying it (laughs),” he says. New Aryan Mingle dating app fills neo-Nazi void, says Conan. Commentary: After dating sites decide to ban all white supremacists, Conan O'Brien sarcastically introduces a new app just for those of ... Ever since rumours started making the rounds of Aryan Khan dating a blogger in London, websites have been on alert to figure out who exactly the mystery woman is. Now, Aryan was spotted dancing ... More than Millions of Members around the world have already shared Best Dating Experience With our Website It all starts with a Date You find us, finally, and you are already in love. Aryan was earlier rumoured to be dating Amitabh Bachchan's grandson Navya Naveli. the due have been classmates and graduated together in London.b Navya was later linked to Javed Jafferey's son Mezzan.

From Gaul to Galilee

2020.09.22 18:49 StevenStevens43 From Gaul to Galilee

From Gaul to Galilee
Galilee:
Galilee is a region mainly located in Northern Israel.
And is apparently an old Hebrew word.
Galilee
Galilee (Hebrew: הַגָּלִיל‎, HaGalil; Arabic: الجليل‎, romanized: al-Jalīl) is a region mainly located in northern Israel. Galilee traditionally refers to the mountainous part, divided into Upper Galilee (Hebrew: גליל עליון‎, romanized: Galil Elyon) and Lower Galilee (Hebrew: גליל תחתון‎, romanized: Galil Tahton).
Link for photo
Galilee
Hebraios:
Now apparently the word Hebrew comes from the Greek "Hebraios".
Though, ultimately, derived from Genesis 10:21.
Etymology
The modern English word "Hebrew" is derived from Old French Ebrau, via Latin from the Greek Ἑβραῖος (Hebraîos) and Aramaic 'ibrāy, all ultimately derived from Biblical Hebrew Ivri (עברי), one of several names for the Israelite (Jewish and Samaritan) people (Hebrews). It is traditionally understood to be an adjective based on the name of Abraham's ancestor, Eber, mentioned in Genesis 10:21
Jewhetibew Fendy:
Though, common sense alone, may suggest that the word Jew and Hebrew were well and truly evolving as far back as the reign of Princess Jewhetibew Fendy.
Jewhetibew Fendy
Iuhetibu Fendy (also written Jewhetibew Fendy[1]) was an ancient Egyptian princess of the Thirteenth Dynasty.
Link for photo
Interracial marraige marking the beginning of the 13th dynasty
Hyksos:
This marraige is believed to have led to the opening of the door for foreigners in Egypt, resulting in the Hyksos invasion.
Thirteenth dynasty
The Thirteenth Dynasty of ancient Egypt (notated Dynasty XIII) is often combined with Dynasties XI, XII and XIV under the group title Middle Kingdom. Some writers separate it from these dynasties and join it to Dynasties XIV through XVII as part of the Second Intermediate Period. Dynasty XIII lasted from approximately 1803 BC until approximately 1649 BC, i.e. for 154 years.[1]
The 13th Dynasty was a direct continuation of the preceding 12th Dynasty, with its first ruler believed to be a son of Amenemhat IV.[1] Kim Ryholt proposes that the demarcation between the two dynasties reflects the rise of the independent 14th Dynasty in the eastern Delta, an event which, he proposes, occurred during Sobekneferu's reign.[1] As direct heirs to the kings of the 12th Dynasty, pharaohs of the 13th Dynasty reigned from Memphis over Middle and Upper Egypt, all the way to the second cataract to the south. The power of the 13th Dynasty waned progressively over its 150 years of existence and it finally came to an end with the conquest of Memphis by the Hyksos rulers of the 15th Dynasty, c. 1650 BC.[1]
Hyksos invasion:
The Hyksos invasion led to the peoples of the white princess following her in to Egypt. and they caused widespread destruction.
Successors
After allowing discipline at the southern forts to deteriorate, the government eventually withdrew its garrisons and, not long afterward, the forts were reoccupied by the rising Nubian state of Kush. In the north, Lower Egypt was overrun by the Hyksos, a Semitic people from across the Sinai. An independent line of kings created Dynasty XIV that arose in the western Delta during later Dynasty XIII. According to Manetho, into this unstable mix came invaders from the east called the Hyksos who seized Egypt "without striking a blow; and having overpowered the rulers of the land, they then burned our cities ruthlessly, razed to the ground the temples of gods..." Their regime, called Dynasty XV, was claimed to have replaced Dynasties XIII and XIV in most of the country.
Link for photo
Native egyptian
Gauls:
However, although Galilee comes from a word with Greek roots, even though the Greeks got that word from Genesis 10.21, when the Greeks referred to Galilee, they were actually referring to Gauls, from Anatolia, in a slightly different abbreviated form.
And Galatia was the Greek name for Anatolia, dating back to a time when the land south of Galatia was still inhabited by a mostly Arabic population.
Galatia
Galatia (/ɡəˈleɪʃə/; Ancient Greek: Γαλατία, Galatía, "Gaul") was an ancient area in the highlands of central Anatolia, roughly corresponding to the provinces of Ankara and Eskişehir, in modern Turkey. Galatia was named after the Gauls from Thrace (cf. Tylis), who settled here and became its ruling caste in the 3rd century BC, following the Gallic invasion of the Balkans in 279 BC. It has been called the "Gallia" of the East, Roman writers calling its inhabitants Galli (Gauls or Celts).
Link for photo
Galatia
Gaelic:
Now, it goes without saying really, that the language of the Gauls was Gaelic, and Gaul covered a huge territory.
In the West, Gaul included certain northern parts of Italy.
Gaul
Gaul (Latin: Gallia)[1] was a region of Western Europe first described by the Romans.[2] It was inhabited by Celtic tribes, encompassing present day France, Luxembourg, Belgium, most of Switzerland, and parts of Northern Italy, the Netherlands, and Germany, particularly the west bank of the Rhine. It covered an area of 494,000 km2 (191,000 sq mi).[3]
Link for photo
Gaul/Galli
Latin league:
In fact, the Romans got their Latin language from the Gauls, who were evolving in to speaking a more modern Latinised Gaelic version of language, when the Romans conquered the Latin league, and adopted their language, which was still partially Gaelic.
Roman leadership of the league
During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome. The treaty with Rome was renewed, and it was agreed that the troops of the Latins would attend on an appointed day to form a united military force with the troops of Rome. That was done, and Tarquin formed combined units of Roman and Latin troops.[4]
The early Roman Republic formed an alliance with the Latin League in 493 BC. According to Roman tradition, the treaty, the foedus Cassianum,[5] followed a Roman victory over the league in the Battle of Lake Regillus.
Link for photo
Latin league headquarters
Dorian invasion:
And even the Greek language, which plays back words to people, is actually not an ancient language in the scale of things, and they got their language from the Dorian invasion.
There would be a very strong chance that the Dorians were the very same people that were conquering their territory, in both Greece, and Anatolia.
And the Dorians came from the North, pushing south around 1000 BC.
Dorian invasion
The Dorian invasion is a concept devised by historians of Ancient Greece to explain the replacement of pre-classical dialects and traditions in southern Greece by the ones that prevailed in Classical Greece. The latter were named Dorian by the ancient Greek writers, after the Dorians, the historical population that spoke them.
Link for photo
Dorian invasion
Hittites:
In fact, Westerners in this region can be dated back to the Hittite empire of 1600 BC.
Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) (Ancient Greek: Χετταίοι, Latin Hetthaei) were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Šuppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.
Link for photo
Hittite empire
Indo-Aryan:
The Hittite empire was an Aryan empire, centred by the Indo-Aryan coregents of Mitanni, which united Indus valley to Europe.
Though the Indo-Aryan kings of Mitanni ruled a land mostly populated by non indo-european speaking Arabs.
Mitanni
While the Mitanni kings and other members of royalty bore names resembling Indo-Aryan phonology,[4] they used the language of the local people, which was at that time a non-Indo-European language
Link for photo
Indo Aryan co-regents
Hebrew:
Now, according to Jewish tradition, Hebrew simply means from the otherside of the rivedesert.
There is much speculation as to where the otherside is.
However a clue could come from Abraham.
Wherever the otherside is, the Hebrew language is supposed to have evolved from a descnedant of Abraham named Eber.
Etymology
It is traditionally understood to be an adjective based on the name of Abraham's ancestor, Eber, mentioned in Genesis 10:21. The name is believed to be based on the Semitic root ʕ-b-r (עבר) meaning "beyond", "other side", "across";[19] interpretations of the term "Hebrew" generally render its meaning as roughly "from the other side [of the rivedesert]"—
Link for photo
Hebrew
Ebraucus:
Now according to Welsh, Scottish and Irish tradition, Ebraucus (Gaelic word) from 1050 BC was a king of Albany.
Ebraucus
Ebraucus (Welsh: Efrawg/Efrog) was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Mempricius before he abandoned the family.
York:
He is attributed to having founded Eboracum (York).
Ebraucus
He founded two settlements: Kaerebrauc, the City of Ebraucus (Eboracum), north of the Humber (this later became York, whose Welsh name is Efrog); and Alclud in Albany
Link for photo
Constantine after conquering Eboracum
Eboracum:
And York was indeed known as Eboracum during pre-roman times.
Eboracum
Eboracum (Latin /ebo'rakum/, English /iːˈbɒrəkəm/ or /ˌiːbɔːˈrɑːkəm/)[1] was a fort and later a city in the Roman province of Britannia. In its prime it was the largest town in northern Britain and a provincial capital. The site remained occupied after the decline of the Western Roman Empire and ultimately evolved into the present-day city York, occupying the same site in North Yorkshire, England.
Link for photo
Skeleton found in stone coffin in York
Harp:
Now, the sea of Galilee is known as "the harp", due to it's shape.
Etymology
The region in turn gave rise to the English name for the "Sea of Galilee" referred to as such in many languages including ancient Arabic. In the Hebrew language, the lake is referred to as Kinneret (Numbers 34:11, etc.), from Hebrew kinnor ('harp', describing its shape);
Link for photo
Harp
Hibernian:
Now it is not impossible that a king in Gaul, could be related to a king in Galilee.
Particularly as Goolish and Hibernian looking peoples are known to have acquired the highest positions of Ancient egypt dating back to 3000 BC.
Mereruka
Mereruka served during the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt as one of Egypt's most powerful officials at a time when the influence of local state noblemen was increasing in wealth and power. Mereruka held numerous titles along with that of Vizier), which made him the most powerful person in Egypt after the king himself.[1]
Link for photo
Mereruka
Eber finn:
Oh, and i almost forgot Eber finn from Irish tradition.
He was a Gaelic Irish high king from 1287 BC.
Eber finn
Éber Finn (modern spelling: Éibhear Fionn), son of Míl Espáine, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland and one of the founders of the Milesian) lineage, to which medieval genealogists traced all the important Gaelic royal lines.
Geoffrey Keating dates his reign to 1287 BC,[3]
Link for photo
High king of Ireland
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 00:23 velly_harsh [RF] Remembrance

I woke up to the noise of heavy breathing that my 11-year-old younger brother, Aryan made. Every time he wakes up with heavy breathing and sweaty face, meant that he saw the same nightmare. Waking up like this, he would remain upset the whole day, probably searching for the meaning of it. As an elder sister, I am always concerned about his mental health. I have asked him about his dream on many occasions, and he always has the same answer, “I saw a woman screaming as if she was dying”. He started seeing this dream when he was 4 years old. He ran from his bed to our mother and hugged her like he always does, waking up like that. I wonder how terrifying it would be while dreaming like that. Horrific, or maybe this is one of his tricks to get attention from others. Thinking all this I went to sleep again.
Later in the morning, I went down to see my dad and uncle Vinod. Uncle Vinod, My Dad’s younger brother visits us every day after the morning jog. He loves us a lot and often brings me and my brother gifts. He lives alone, as his wife, my aunt Megha died long back. My dad thinks that my uncle feels lonely, so we decided to move to a place closer to his home, to which we will be shifting today. It would be even more fun if he agrees to live with us, rather than living alone. I believe it's hard to live alone, no one to talk to, no one to tell how your day went, no good or bad news to share with. A pretty boring way to live I guess.
Later that day, when we were shifting luggage to our new home, I slipped on the floor, while carrying a carton full of old papers to my parent’s room. Suddenly, when I was putting all the old papers back into the box, I found a medical report that stated an abortion that my mother had 13 years ago. I am 15 years old, so the report was 2 years since I was born. I was shocked to see that and began to recollect any memories of that time. But I couldn’t recall anything. Maybe I was too young at that time to remember anything.
My mother called me from the dining room “Riya, is everything okay there? I heard some noise.”
I replied, “Yes all good here. The carton box fell by mistake”
My mother said “Okay, come to the dining room quickly. Dinner is ready. We can do this later.”
I took a photograph of the report while searching for anything else and replied “Yeah, coming. In a minute.”
With all the doubts jumping in my head, I sat with my family at the dinner table. I thought If I should ask mom directly what was the report all about or should I chose to avoid the awkward encounter.
My dad started the conversation saying, “Does anyone remember how long we lived in the old house?”
Aryan quickly said, “Oh! I know that. We shifted into the old house On 2nd June 2011. So, we lived there for 9 long years”
Neither mom nor dad was sure about the date too I guess.
Dad said, “That’s right, We lived there for 9 years. I miss the old house.”.
Aryan is good at recalling distant memories, that are like his superpower. I asked him “How do you remember it so correctly ?”
Aryan replied slowly, “I don’t know. I just remember... everything.”
While the usual family conversations were going on, I thought it’s better to investigate about the abortion report myself rather than asking my parents. Anyway, in the end, I can ask my mum. I discreetly opened my phone to check the photograph and saw that the abortion was done at Apollo Hospital.
I began to wonder where I was born, so I asked at the table “mum, dad, in which hospital was I born?”
Mom replied, “At the Apollo Hospital. Why do you ask?”
I replied, “Nah, just curious”.
Aryan said, “I was born there too, right Mom?”.
I replied, “Yes, you were too”.
Later at night, while going to sleep, I thought Apollo hospital can be a good starting point. But why did my parents choose to abort a child? Maybe I’ll find something out from the records at the hospital. But the staff won’t give that information away just like that, I needed a contact. I remember my friend, Abha, mentioning that her elder sister Monika works there as a receptionist. Maybe she can help.
The next morning, I contacted Abha for Monika’s number. I contacted Monika on call and explained to her the situation. She told me that they may find some information from the records but it can be risky for her job if anyone caught her. After understanding the seriousness of the issue, she finally got convinced. She told me to come to the hospital at 8 pm, as all the staff goes for dinner at that time, and would be least risky to check records at that time.
Later that day, I reached the hospital and waited quietly for Monika to call me.
Monika called me up saying “Riya, come here, quickly”
I rushed there and told her “check the records for Reema Khatri“, which is my Mom’s name.
Monika typed it in the records and told me “There are 3 records by this name”.
I replied, “That should be correct, 1 abortion and 2 should be of me and my brother.”.
She seemed surprised to hear that and said, “No, 1 record is by your name and the other 2 are abortion”.
I was stunned to hear that as there was no record for Aryan’s birth and by the news of another abortion.
Monika asked, “Your brother must be born in some other hospital”.
I replied, “I guess so. Can you tell me the dates of the records”.
She said, “The first one in on 23rd July 2005, when you were born. Second on 18th Feb 2007 and the third one on 19th April 2009”.
I was completely puzzled, as Aryan was born on 23rd April 2009.
The only explanation that came to my mind of this was that Aryan was probably adopted.
I asked, “Monika, did they mention any reason for abortions?”.
She replied, “Nothing as such. But both the fetuses were female. At that time, around 10 years ago, the abortion policies were not strict. Many people used to abort a female child, as you know the culture here in our country. Maybe this was the reason.”
“Okay. Thanks a lot”, I said and left with a million questions.
Nothing made sense anymore. I was baffled. I couldn’t believe my parents would opt for abortion. I felt like I didn’t know my parents as a person, who they really are from inside. And why do parents in my culture still prefer boys over girls? It doesn’t happen in other countries like the United States. We all want our country India to be progressive, but how would it progress if our mentality is not developing. In our minds, we are still old fashioned and believe in caste, religion, gender discrimination. I thought my parents were better than that, better than the rest of the outdated mentality of society. I guess I was wrong. They were also a part of the same society, another brick in the wall.
I walked down from the hospital to my home, thinking if I should tell Aryan that he is adopted or not. I concluded that It would be better to let him know. He should know the truth, no matter how hard it is to swallow. He is strong and will take it positively.
I reached home and went straight to our room and told him the whole thing, about the abortions and how he can be adopted.
I regretfully told him, “So, I think you were adopted, because mom had the abortion around the same time you were born.”, I said. “If you want we can try to find your biological parents”.
“I know that. I also know who my biological parents are. Well, you know them too.”, he replied.
With all my confusion I asked, “Who are they?”.
He replied, “Uncle Vinod and Aunt Megha are my real parents. She died while giving me birth.”
I asked, “Since when do you know it?”
He replied, “I can recall every memory since I was born. I checked online, It said I have this condition called hyperthymesia.”.
“Is that why you have that same dream. Is that woman Aunt Megha in your dream?” I asked.
“Yeah, It’s her. I hear the screams she made while giving birth to me” he replied.
submitted by velly_harsh to shortstories [link] [comments]


2020.09.21 00:22 velly_harsh [RF] Remembrance

I woke up to the noise of heavy breathing that my 11-year-old younger brother, Aryan made. Every time he wakes up with heavy breathing and sweaty face, meant that he saw the same nightmare. Waking up like this, he would remain upset the whole day, probably searching for the meaning of it. As an elder sister, I am always concerned about his mental health. I have asked him about his dream on many occasions, and he always has the same answer, “I saw a woman screaming as if she was dying”. He started seeing this dream when he was 4 years old. He ran from his bed to our mother and hugged her like he always does, waking up like that. I wonder how terrifying it would be while dreaming like that. Horrific, or maybe this is one of his tricks to get attention from others. Thinking all this I went to sleep again.
Later in the morning, I went down to see my dad and uncle Vinod. Uncle Vinod, My Dad’s younger brother visits us every day after the morning jog. He loves us a lot and often brings me and my brother gifts. He lives alone, as his wife, my aunt Megha died long back. My dad thinks that my uncle feels lonely, so we decided to move to a place closer to his home, to which we will be shifting today. It would be even more fun if he agrees to live with us, rather than living alone. I believe it's hard to live alone, no one to talk to, no one to tell how your day went, no good or bad news to share with. A pretty boring way to live I guess.
Later that day, when we were shifting luggage to our new home, I slipped on the floor, while carrying a carton full of old papers to my parent’s room. Suddenly, when I was putting all the old papers back into the box, I found a medical report that stated an abortion that my mother had 13 years ago. I am 15 years old, so the report was 2 years since I was born. I was shocked to see that and began to recollect any memories of that time. But I couldn’t recall anything. Maybe I was too young at that time to remember anything.
My mother called me from the dining room “Riya, is everything okay there? I heard some noise.”
I replied, “Yes all good here. The carton box fell by mistake”
My mother said “Okay, come to the dining room quickly. Dinner is ready. We can do this later.”
I took a photograph of the report while searching for anything else and replied “Yeah, coming. In a minute.”
With all the doubts jumping in my head, I sat with my family at the dinner table. I thought If I should ask mom directly what was the report all about or should I chose to avoid the awkward encounter.
My dad started the conversation saying, “Does anyone remember how long we lived in the old house?”
Aryan quickly said, “Oh! I know that. We shifted into the old house On 2nd June 2011. So, we lived there for 9 long years”
Neither mom nor dad was sure about the date too I guess.
Dad said, “That’s right, We lived there for 9 years. I miss the old house.”.
Aryan is good at recalling distant memories, that are like his superpower. I asked him “How do you remember it so correctly ?”
Aryan replied slowly, “I don’t know. I just remember... everything.”
While the usual family conversations were going on, I thought it’s better to investigate about the abortion report myself rather than asking my parents. Anyway, in the end, I can ask my mum. I discreetly opened my phone to check the photograph and saw that the abortion was done at Apollo Hospital.
I began to wonder where I was born, so I asked at the table “mum, dad, in which hospital was I born?”
Mom replied, “At the Apollo Hospital. Why do you ask?”
I replied, “Nah, just curious”.
Aryan said, “I was born there too, right Mom?”.
I replied, “Yes, you were too”.
Later at night, while going to sleep, I thought Apollo hospital can be a good starting point. But why did my parents choose to abort a child? Maybe I’ll find something out from the records at the hospital. But the staff won’t give that information away just like that, I needed a contact. I remember my friend, Abha, mentioning that her elder sister Monika works there as a receptionist. Maybe she can help.
The next morning, I contacted Abha for Monika’s number. I contacted Monika on call and explained to her the situation. She told me that they may find some information from the records but it can be risky for her job if anyone caught her. After understanding the seriousness of the issue, she finally got convinced. She told me to come to the hospital at 8 pm, as all the staff goes for dinner at that time, and would be least risky to check records at that time.
Later that day, I reached the hospital and waited quietly for Monika to call me.
Monika called me up saying “Riya, come here, quickly”
I rushed there and told her “check the records for Reema Khatri“, which is my Mom’s name.
Monika typed it in the records and told me “There are 3 records by this name”.
I replied, “That should be correct, 1 abortion and 2 should be of me and my brother.”.
She seemed surprised to hear that and said, “No, 1 record is by your name and the other 2 are abortion”.
I was stunned to hear that as there was no record for Aryan’s birth and by the news of another abortion.
Monika asked, “Your brother must be born in some other hospital”.
I replied, “I guess so. Can you tell me the dates of the records”.
She said, “The first one in on 23rd July 2005, when you were born. Second on 18th Feb 2007 and the third one on 19th April 2009”.
I was completely puzzled, as Aryan was born on 23rd April 2009.
The only explanation that came to my mind of this was that Aryan was probably adopted.
I asked, “Monika, did they mention any reason for abortions?”.
She replied, “Nothing as such. But both the fetuses were female. At that time, around 10 years ago, the abortion policies were not strict. Many people used to abort a female child, as you know the culture here in our country. Maybe this was the reason.”
“Okay. Thanks a lot”, I said and left with a million questions.
Nothing made sense anymore. I was baffled. I couldn’t believe my parents would opt for abortion. I felt like I didn’t know my parents as a person, who they really are from inside. And why do parents in my culture still prefer boys over girls? It doesn’t happen in other countries like the United States. We all want our country India to be progressive, but how would it progress if our mentality is not developing. In our minds, we are still old fashioned and believe in caste, religion, gender discrimination. I thought my parents were better than that, better than the rest of the outdated mentality of society. I guess I was wrong. They were also a part of the same society, another brick in the wall.
I walked down from the hospital to my home, thinking if I should tell Aryan that he is adopted or not. I concluded that It would be better to let him know. He should know the truth, no matter how hard it is to swallow. He is strong and will take it positively.
I reached home and went straight to our room and told him the whole thing, about the abortions and how he can be adopted.
I regretfully told him, “So, I think you were adopted, because mom had the abortion around the same time you were born.”, I said. “If you want we can try to find your biological parents”.
“I know that. I also know who my biological parents are. Well, you know them too.”, he replied.
With all my confusion I asked, “Who are they?”.
He replied, “Uncle Vinod and Aunt Megha are my real parents. She died while giving me birth.”
I asked, “Since when do you know it?”
He replied, “I can recall every memory since I was born. I checked online, It said I have this condition called hyperthymesia.”.
“Is that why you have that same dream. Is that woman Aunt Megha in your dream?” I asked.
“Yeah, It’s her. I hear the screams she made while giving birth to me” he replied.
submitted by velly_harsh to stories [link] [comments]


2020.09.20 15:16 ZanyarV555 Iranian Paganism

Hey, I'm a Kurd raised in a Muslim family who were quite religious and went to mosques every week. I used to attend some Quran lessons after school but it all never made sense to me and I never felt close to Islam. When I turned 15, my family decided to move to Netherlands due to the fear of ISIS reaching our city. I met an Yezidi in my class in Netherlands, we became friends and started hanging out. I had not known who Yezidis were except I had heard they worshipped the devil and that I have some recent ancestors who were Yezidi, my family didn't seem very pleased about them. But as I learnt more about Yezidism, the myths, cosmogony, deities and when I attended festivals with my friend, it all really stuck with me and I started feeling drawn to it. I started reading extensively on ancient Aryan beliefs (Polytheism, Zoroastrianism, Yaresanism, Kurdish Alevism, Hinduism, Kalash) as I grew older and eventually I got interested in Paganism. I felt much more drawn to those beliefs compared to Islam which I didn't feel any connection with whatsoever.
I visited several Hindu temples in India and archeological sites across Kurdistan and Iran including the Charsten site in Duhok, Lalish and Anahita temple in Kangavar and also some sites in northern Europe which I forgot names of. At those places I felt a particularly strong calling to some force that was beyond our mortal realm which I had never felt before in a church or mosque.
The thing is, I don't know where I belong, Yezidism is unattainable because they're endogamous and don't accept converts, Yarsanis are very isolated, I haven't met anyone to date nor is there much access to information about their beliefs. Zoroastrianism, despite it's ancient history, didn't give me that feeling of connection either nor does it contain much of animism or reverence of nature like Yezidism has. Which is a letdown as I love nature and feel some sort of a spiritual connection to it. I also doubt it really reached all over modern day Kurdistan. Alevism, although it retains ancient practices, is a bit too islamic for me, it has Quran, lots of Islamic festivals and everything.
The two alternatives left for me are Hinduism due to it's Aryan origin and it's got everything I want. Then there is Iranian Paganism (pre-Zoroastrian Iranian religion) which I hoped to get help with from this sub. Is there any community you know of following this religion? If not, do I just start worshipping the deities individually or just stick with Hinduism? Any kind of advice will be appreciated.
submitted by ZanyarV555 to paganism [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 20:55 StevenStevens43 Humber the Hun

Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun:
Humber the Hun was supposed to have been part of the invasions of Albion, beginning in 1112 BC.
Humber the Hun
Humber the Hun (Gaelic: Emer or Éber mac Ír, or Éber Don mac Ír Ulaid) son of Ír and grandson of Miled, was a legendary king of so-called "Huns" who, according to Gafridian legend, invaded the British Isles in about the 12th century BC. His people successfully conquered Scotia but he himself was drowned during his campaign against Southern Britain. His sons became the Kings of Ulster and ultimately Dál Riata, the earliest Kingdom of Scotland. At some point, he began to equated with his namesake Donn, the Gaelic God of the Dead.
Latin:
Now, nobody knows who the Huns are.
Particularly modern Latin speakers.
In the Latin language, Scotti means Gaels.
Scotti
Scoti or Scotti is a Latin name for the Gaels,[1]
Link for photo
Royal Scottish flag
Hun:
However, even today, the Gaelic word for Scot, is Hun.
This means that Gaelic speakers might have a slightly better grasp on who the Huns might have been, than the modern Romanised Latin speaker.
It also means that when modern day Scots during football matches with the Auld enemy sing "Go home ya Hun", they are actually "wrong".
The Huns were the Scoloti.
Luckily the Scots don't face too much shame regarding this fact, as the other half of the Auld enemy are also unaware of the fact that they are infact "not" the Huns.
Pop culture
Modern Ulster Scots and other Scots Protestants are still referred to as Huns by Gaels.[10
Link for photo
2011 Gaelic speaking parts of Scotland
Hungary:
Now obviously, the word "Hun" is pretty much synonymous with the country named Hungary, suggesting that Huns may have certain origins in this area.
After-all, Humber the Hun is said to have arrived in the Humber from Germany.
Of course, there was no such place as Germany in 1112 BC.
It was Gaul, and Gaul was a name that pertained to the entire area of mainland inhabited by Gaelic speaking Gauls, which at this point in history, would have included Hungary.
Mediaeval history
When Locrinus raided Humber's ships after his death, he found Humber's consort Estrildis,[2][3] the daughter of the King of Germany there.
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Hungary
Hungarians:
The modern day word for "Hun", as in Hungary, derived from the Huns from Eurasia, not the Huns from Humber.
Well, not immediately anyway.
Etymology
The "H" in the name of Hungary (and Latin Hungaria) is most likely due to founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars.
Link for photo
Hunnic warrior
Scythian sphere:
However, the land of Hungary pre-dated the country of Hungary, and back in the Iron age, Hungary did not exist, and was infact part of the Scythian sphere.
History of Hungary
Hungary in its modern (post-1946) borders roughly corresponds to the Great Hungarian Plain (the Pannonian basin). During the Iron Age, it was at the boundary of Celtic, Illyrian and Iranian (Scythian) cultural spheres.
Link for photo
Alba Albanian flag
Royal Scoloti:
Now, Scythia was a "big" region.
It also took in an Iranian area known as Sogdiana.
The aristocrats were known as the Royal Scoloti.
Scythians
.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
Scythia
Scythia
Sogdiana:
Now Sogdiana, whilst being part of Scythia, in turn, ruled an empire which stretched to the border of China.
Sogdia
Sogdia (/ˈsɒɡdiə/) (Sogdian: soɣd) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian civilization that at different times included territory located in present-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Khujand, Panjikent, and Shahrisabz. Sogdiana was also a province of the Achaemenid Empire,
Link for photo
Sogdia
Sogdiana princesses:
During the annexation of the empire by Alexander the Great, Alexander had Sogdiana princesses sent to breed with his Greek friends.
Biography
Antiochus I was half Sogdian,[2][3] his mother Apama, daughter of Spitamenes, being one of the eastern princesses whom Alexander the Great had given as wives to his generals in 324 BC.[4]
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Alexander the Great
Auld Edina:
It is likely that Scotlands current day capital city of Edinburgh (Auld Edina), from the root word Dun Eideann, is derived from the Royal Scoloti sogdiana.
Edinburgh
Edinburgh (/ˈɛdɪnbərə/ (📷listen);[8][9][10] Scots: Edinburgh; Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Èideann
Link for photo
Athens of the North
Xiongnu:
Now, this is where the Xiongnu come in to this.
The Xiongnu were a "Nomadic" tribe, and one might know to suspect, that when you see the word "Nomadic" it is likely referring to a certain Aryan peoples that got Nomadism in to their DNA after requiring to leave their homelands during the younger dryas.
Xiongnu
The Xiongnu (Chinese: 匈奴; Wade–Giles: Hsiung-nu, [ɕjʊ́ŋ.nǔ]) were a tribal confederation[3] of nomadic peoples who, according to ancient Chinese sources, inhabited the eastern Eurasian Steppe from the 3rd century BC to the late 1st century AD. Chinese sources report that Modu Chanyu, the supreme leader after 209 BC, founded the Xiongnu Empire.[4]
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Xiongnu territory
Huaxia people:
Now Chinese history draws a distinction between the more civilised Huaxia people (Indigenous Mongolians) and the more barbaric Nomadic Xiongnu.
Early history
.[19] It also draws a distinct line between the settled Huaxia people (Chinese) to the pastoral nomads (Xiongnu), characterizing it as two polar groups in the sense of a civilization versus an uncivilized society
Hua-Yi distinction:
It is called the Hua-Yi distinction.
Hua-Yi distinction
The distinction between Huá and (Chinese: ; pinyin: Huá Yí zhī biàn), also known as Sino–barbarian dichotomy,[1] is an ancient Chinese concept that differentiated a culturally defined "China" (called Huá, Huaxia 華夏; Huáxià, or Xià ) from cultural or ethnic outsiders (, conventionally "barbarians"). Although Yí is often translated as "barbarian", other translations of this term in English include "foreigners",[2]
Modu Chanyu:
Now, the Xiongnu under Mody Chanyu, almost overthrew the Chinese emperor.
State formation
After forging internal unity, Modu Chanyu expanded the empire on all sides. To the north he conquered a number of nomadic peoples, including the Dingling of southern Siberia. He crushed the power of the Donghu people of eastern Mongolia and Manchuria as well as the Yuezhi in the Hexi Corridor of Gansu, where his son, Jizhu, made a skull cup out of the Yuezhi king. Modu also reoccupied all the lands previously taken by the Qin general Meng Tian.
Under Modu's leadership, the Xiongnu threatened the Han dynasty, almost causing Emperor Gaozu, the first Han emperor, to lose his throne in 200 BC.[31]
Link for photo
Xiongnu expansion
Chinese princesses and Great wall of China:
The Chinese decided to build a great wall, as a border to define the territory between Xiongnu and China, and to attempt to appease the Xiongnu, they began sending them Chinese princesses, along with other gifts including money and alcohol.
Marraige diplomacy
The Han sent princesses to marry Xiongnu leaders in their efforts to stop the border raids. Along with arranged marriages, the Han sent gifts to bribe the Xiongnu to stop attacking.[31] After the defeat at Pingcheng in 200 BC, the Han emperor abandoned a military solution to the Xiongnu threat. Instead, in 198 BC , the courtier Liu Jing&action=edit&redlink=1) [zh)] was dispatched for negotiations. The peace settlement eventually reached between the parties included a Han princess given in marriage to the chanyu (called heqin) (Chinese: 和親; lit.: 'harmonious kinship'); periodic gifts to the Xiongnu of silk, distilled beverages and rice; equal status between the states; and the Great Wall as mutual border.
Cant beat them, join them:
However, the raids did not stop, and the Hans Chinese decided to attempt to forge an alliance with them.
Marraige diplomacy
The Xiongnu also practiced marriage alliances with Han dynasty officers and officials who defected to their side. The older sister of the Chanyu (the Xiongnu ruler) was married to the Xiongnu General Zhao Xin, the Marquis of Xi who was serving the Han dynasty. The daughter of the Chanyu was married to the Han Chinese General Li Ling after he surrendered and defected.[39][40][41][42] Another Han Chinese General who defected to the Xiongnu was Li Guangli, general in the War of the Heavenly Horses, who also married a daughter of the Chanyu.[43]
Envoy:
Behind the backs of the Xiongnu, the Hans Chinese sent an envoy to go and explore the Western world and try and find an ally to help fight the Xiongnu, however the information received back from the envoy, put China into a state of emergency, and expelling the Xiongnu became a matter of urgency.
It is not know exactly what the message was, but i assume it was along the lines of "those people are everywhere".
Han xiongnu war
The Han dynasty made preparations for war when the Han Emperor Wu dispatched the explorer Zhang Qian to explore the mysterious kingdoms to the west and to form an alliance with the Yuezhi people in order to combat the Xiongnu. During this time Zhang married a Xiongnu wife, who bore him a son, and gained the trust of the Xiongnu leader.[45][46][47][48][49][50][51] While Zhang Qian did not succeed in this mission,[52] his reports of the west provided even greater incentive to counter the Xiongnu hold on westward routes out of China,
Link for photo
Han China
Southern Xiongnu & Northern xiongnu:
The result of the war, was that the Chinese would be successful in putting a barrier between themselves and the Xiongnu, by placing a southern Xiongnu between themselves and a Northern Xiongnu.
Southern Xiongnu and Northern Xiongnu
In 48 AD, a confederation of eight Xiongnu tribes in Bi's power base in the south, with a military force totalling 40,000 to 50,000 men, seceded from Punu's kingdom and acclaimed Bi as chanyu. This kingdom became known as the Southern Xiongnu.
600 year empire destroyed:
In the year 439 AD, 600 years of Xiongnu living in this area came to an end, and finally China rid themselves of the last remnants of Xiongnu.
Juqu and)
By 439, the Juqu power was destroyed by the Northern Wei. Their remnants were then settled in the city of Gaochang before being destroyed by the Rouran.
Tribute:
Now, the Xiongnu done to the Chinese, exactly what the Huns would do to the Romans.
Significance
The Xiongnu confederation was unusually long-lived for a steppe empire. The purpose of raiding China was not simply for goods, but to force the Chinese to pay regular tribute.
Contemporary understanding:
Now, believe it or not, the Xiongnu being the same group as the Huns, is actually now the contemporary view amongst historians and scholars.
However contemporary, is not the same thing as general consensus.
Huns
.[70] Although the theory that the Xiongnu were precursors of the Huns known later in Europe is now accepted by many scholars, it has yet to become a consensus view.
Link for photo
Hunnic invasion
Turkic descendency:
Now, Turks claim that the Xiongnu were Turkish, because they are descended from Xiongnu.
However ascended, and descended, are two different things.
I am sure it is possible, that by the time the Sogdians came out of Mongolia, they were now quite Turkic.
Turkic
Uyghur Khagans claimed descent from the Xiongnu (according to Chinese history Weishu, the founder of the Uyghur Khaganate was descended from a Xiongnu ruler).[86]
Both the 7th-century Chinese History of the Northern Dynasties[87] and the Book of Zhou,[88] an inscription in the Sogdian language, report the Göktürks to be a subgroup of the Xiongnu.[89][90]
Iranian ancestors:
However, scholars tend to agree that when the Xiongnu first arrived in Mongolia, they were Northern Iranian speakers.
Iranian
Harold Walter Bailey proposed an Iranian origin of the Xiongnu, recognizing all the earliest Xiongnu names of the 2nd century BC as being of the Iranian type.[9] This theory is supported by turkologist Henryk Jankowski).[10] Central Asian scholar Christopher I. Beckwith notes that the Xiongnu name could be a cognate of Scythian, Saka and Sogdia, corresponding to a name for Northern Iranians.[27][
Chinese Hun:
Now, the word the Chinese used to refer to the Xiongnu as, translates pretty much in to English as "Hun".
Some may mistake this as the word "Hun" having Chinese origins.
However, it is more likely that the Chinese referred to them by a word similar to Hun, because, that is what the Xiongnu of the time likely referred to themselves as.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.18 18:44 ammodotcom History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive

History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive

https://preview.redd.it/m3bn7dobqxn51.jpg?width=989&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=bf44ee93e9295ba7b6ac44e0feb1c5b79eee8d12
It’s unlikely that there is a single federal alphabet organization less popular among the readership of this website than the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. These are the people who gave us both the Siege at Ruby Ridge and the Siege of Waco. What’s more, they may well be engaged in an entirely unconstitutional exercise: monitoring and patrolling the gun ownership of law-abiding citizens.
There’s also a solid case to be made that the ATF is a rogue organization, the most corrupt of the federal alphabet agencies. This can be seen through a number of scandals beginning with Ruby Ridge, threading through the siege at Mount Carmel in Waco, and continuing to the notorious “Fast and Furious” scandal.
While firearms owners, weapons enthusiasts and Second Amendment advocates might have a special bone to pick with the ATF, we believe that all freedom-loving Americans should be concerned about the overreach, lawlessness and lack of accountability in this organization. Roman poet Juvenal once posed an important (and famous) question about powerful justice officers: “Quis custodiet ipsos custodies?” – Who is to guard the guardians?
All told, there are over 20,000 firearms laws and regulations on the books at the state and federal level. Many of these contradict each other or are written with a lot of room for interpretation. Gun owners and gun dealers are easy prey for a corrupt and lawless federal agency that wants to twist its arms outside the bounds of the law.
It’s also worth considering what overreach and lack of accountability other federal organizations are responsible for that we don’t know about, simply because they do not have the same spotlight on them as the ATF – a reminder that the scandals mentioned above are just the ones that we know about.
We recommend reading this article in concert with our other articles on the ATF: Waco, Ruby Ridge and Fast and Furious. Each of these contains familiar tropes with regard to the ATF: Entrapment, “lost” evidence, a total lack of accountability, aggressive policing tactics where discretion would probably have saved lives, and a vengeful manner of doing business.
The Pre-History of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
The ATF’s genesis lies all the way back in 1886, as a part of the Department of Treasury. Then it was known as the Revenue Laboratory within the Bureau of Internal Revenue. The pre-history of the ATF can then be traced through the Bureau of Prohibition, itself a branch of the Bureau of Internal Revenue formed in 1920. The Bureau of Prohibition was then spun off as an independent agency under the umbrella of the Treasury Department in 1927, before becoming a part of the Justice Department in 1930, and eventually merged into the FBI briefly in 1933.
In December 1933, Prohibition was repealed and the Prohibition Bureau became the Alcohol Tax Unit (ATU) of the Bureau of Internal Revenue. In 1942, they were also tasked with enforcing federal firearms laws, which were scant at the time to say the least – remember that fully automatic machine guns were legal until 1986.
In the early 1950s, the Bureau of Internal Revenue became the Internal Revenue Service that we all know and love today. As part of this reorganization of federal alphabet agencies, the Alcohol Tax Unit was tasked with collecting tobacco taxes as well, and became known as the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division (ATTD).
It was with the 1968 Gun Control Act that the agency became the Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Division of the IRS, and also received some jurisdiction over bombings and arson. In 1972, it became a fully independent bureau of the Treasury Department – the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (B.A.T.F). It was here that the Bureau became tasked more with enforcement of the law around firearms than it did about collecting taxes on tobacco and alcohol.
A Long History of Abuse and Corruption in the ATF
The ATF had a bad reputation long before the events of Ruby Ridge and Waco. They were subject to Congressional hearings in the late 70s and early 80s, because their methods for securing a case were considered overzealous. Evidence at the hearings was presented by American citizens who had been charged, experts who had closely studied the Bureau, and internal officials from the Bureau. The Senate sub-committee investigating declared:
"Based upon these hearings, it is apparent that ATF enforcement tactics made possible by current federal firearms laws are constitutionally, legally, and practically reprehensible."
The ATF was considered especially harmful because they often targeted people who not only didn’t know they were doing anything wrong, but had absolutely no malicious intent at all. Their efforts focused on gun collectors rather than stopping street crime. Indeed, the same investigation found that 75 percent of all ATF prosecutions were targeted at people who had no knowledge that they were breaking the law and had no intent to do anything criminal.
The Firearms Owners Protection Act of 1986 (FOPA) was squarely aimed at reducing the abuses of the Bureau. Nothing less than a complete overhaul of the 1968 Gun Control Act, FOPA allowed for increased interstate sales of long arms, shipping ammunition through the U.S. mail, ended record keeping requirements on most forms of ammunition, and protected the transportation of otherwise illegal firearms across state lines (“safe passage”).
This is also the act that largely prohibited the ownership of fully automatic machine guns by civilians, so it certainly wasn’t perfect.
Ruby Ridge and Waco
Following FOPA in 1986, the next big chapters in ATF history are the sieges at Ruby Ridge in 1992 and Waco in 1993. These events lead directly to the bombing of the federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995.
The Siege at Ruby Ridge
In 1992, Ruby Ridge, Idaho, was the site of an 11-day standoff between the ATF and Randy Weaver – who had been entrapped by the ATF into violating the law regarding the barrel length of a shotgun. They attempted to coerce him into becoming a snitch inside the Aryan Nations (which, as it turned out, was basically an organization entirely full of snitches). When he refused, the ATF moved forward with prosecution.
There was a series of bureaucratic SNAFUs that led to Weaver not knowing what his court date was, missing it, and then deciding not to show up at all out of the very legitimate fear that he would not get a fair shake. So the Marshal Service came in, guns blazing in tactical gear, and did what the feds are perhaps best known for: They shot Weaver’s dog. Unfortunately, it went further than that. They also shot his 14-year-old son Sammy in the back and his wife through a door while she held their infant child.
Patriots descended onto the scene and 11 days later, Weaver came out. He was tried and acquitted of all charges except for failure to appear.
The Siege at Waco
The next year, the ATF had a similar situation in Waco, Texas, where they were investigating a religious group known as the Branch Davidians. Here, the ATF (according to many accounts) was more interested in performing for television cameras than they were in enforcing the law. They used aggressive policing tactics against a group of people who had not been convicted of – or even formally charged with – any crime. The final result was a 51-day siege, at the end of which 82 Branch Davidians (including women and children) were gunned down or burned to death.
Each of these events were directly cited by Timothy McVeigh as radicalizing for him on his road to attacking the federal building at Oklahoma City, stating:
“I chose to bomb a federal building because such an action served more purposes than other options. Foremost the bombing was a retaliatory strike; a counter attack for the cumulative raids (and subsequent violence and damage) that federal agents had participated in over the preceding years (including, but not limited to, Waco). From the formation of such units as the FBI's Hostage Rescue and other assault teams amongst federal agencies during the 80s, culminating in the Waco incident, federal actions grew increasingly militaristic and violent, to the point where at Waco, our government – like the Chinese – was deploying tanks against its own citizens.”
Expanded Powers Post-9/11
Unsurprisingly, the ATF was rewarded for its indiscretions with broader police powers post-9/11, when any three-letter alphabet agency was basically given carte blanche to run roughshod over the civil rights of American citizens. This included an expanded jurisdiction over fuels used in amateur rocketry.
It’s worth briefly noting that the ATF (actually the BATFE, as their agents are quick to tell anyone who will listen) has a bit of a chip on its shoulder because there is a perception that the agency is made up of FBI rejects. The ATF tends to not cooperate with the FBI, something people hoped would end when the ATF was moved from Treasury to Justice. But the so-called “battle of the badges” continues. Each wants to investigate terrorist attacks involving explosives, and there are no clear federal guidelines about which gets which.
Continue reading History of the ATF: How the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Became Corrupt & Abusive at Ammo.com.
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2020.09.17 21:24 taintedntortured After a conversation 2 days ago with my doctor, I realized I may be unintentionally racist.

I never considered myself racist. I don't judge people by their skin color, ethnicity, or religion. Here's the cliche phrase: I have many friends of different races. When I was a teenager, early adult, the bulk of my friends were African American. My godchild is black.
But 2 days ago, my doctor opened my eyes to something. He was telling me about a study done in the 1950's or 1960's where they took a group of all white children in a classroom and placed the light haired, light eyed children on one side of the room and placed all the dark haired, dark eyed children on the other side of the room. Over a 6 month period, the teachers and researchers would only call upon and acknowledge the fair skinned & eyed children while completely ignoring the dark haired & eyed children.
Over time, the "chosen" children started to feel superior and the "ignored" children started to feel inferior. Eventually the chosen children started to think they were superior while the ignored children started to think they were inferior to the chosen children.
This made me realize, as a white, blonde haired, blue eyed woman that because of societal hierarchy, I probably feel superior to people of color. And for the same reason, people of color probably feel inferior to white people. Not blatantly so of course, but subconsciously. It's a learned behavior because of the way you are treated in society. I have my white privilege while POC do not and are used to being treated as second class citizens.
So I did some deep thinking and I realized that I've never been attracted to men of other races. I don't think they are dumber, dirtier, not as well mannered or classy as white men in any way but because of my white superiority (what society has made me believe subconsciously). And even though in my early adulthood 70% of my friends were POC, I never even looked at them in a way to even consider wanting to date them. I was fine being friends, my best friend was black which is why I was chosen as the Godmother to her first born child but nothing more. Maybe I'm attracted to who I am attracted to regardless of race but I can't help but wonder if it's more than that.
And if I was able to feel superior to others due to societal rules or standing then POC probably subconsciously feel inferior because of the way they are treated. We have a long way before we can all FEEL equal.
I know I'm not truly racist because of my ability to make friends with every race without even thinking about race but at the same time maybe subconsciously I feel superior to other races. I'm the picture of Aryan genes.
My point is, with all this stuff going on in the world right now with Social Justice and racism on the forefront of our lives that maybe we should all evaluate where we stand on racism. You don't have to hate other races to have racist beliefs that you may not even realize you have, subconsciously or through ignorance on your part. Stereotypes. Preconceived notions or thoughts. Beliefs. Whatever it is.
My confession is that I realized due to societal standing, I had race related thoughts I learned from childhood and through navigating my beliefs and evaluating my subconscious thoughts, I realized that I was being unfair to people different from me.
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2020.09.17 20:42 StevenStevens43 The birth of the Antiochus

The birth of the Antiochus
The Dardani:
Throughout the ages in this region, the word "Dan" has prevailed in seemingly many forms and abbreviations.
From the tribes of Dan in Israel, to the Denyans in Egypt, to the Tuatha de Dannan in Ireland, to the Danes in Denmark.
By the 4th Century BC, the Dardani were the strongest group in europe fighting against the Messenaean Greek expansion.
(Regards to the photo beneath.. When one see's a place name that contains two LL's, such as "Illyria", then one might suspect it has some pertinence with the Welsh language).
Dardani
The Dardani were a Paleo-Balkan tribe which lived in a region which was named Dardania) after their settlement there.[1][2]
Link for photo
Dardania
Celtic invasion:
You see, in this area, there was an "ongoing" power struggle going on between peoples with allegiances to the more Northern territories such as Scandinavia, and North western territories such as Albion/Britain, and those with allegiances more to traditional europeans and Anatolians, such as Greeks.
By the 4th century BC, the power struggle in this region was on scales, going back and forth like a yoyo, and in the 4th Century BC the Celts came down hard, and established a very powerful base, named Dardania.
Dardania
The Kingdom of Dardania was attested since the 4th century BC in ancient sources reporting the wars the Dardanians waged against Macedon. After the Celtic invasion of the Balkans weakened the state of the Macedonians and Paeonians, the political and military role of the Dardanians began to grow in the region
Link for photo_DARDANIAN_KINGDOMS_EXTENT_DURING_230_BC.png)
Illyria
Albania:
Now, Dardani is pretty much synonymous with Albania.
Names
The names Dardania appears to be connected to Albanian dardhë.[13] In 1854, Johann Georg von Hahn was the first to propose that the names Dardanoi and Dardania) were related to the Albanian word dardhë ("pear, pear-tree"),
Link for photo
The Alba Albanian flag
Greko-Roman:
In fact, the contemporary understanding that Greko-Romans, unlike indigenous Greeks, or Indigenous Italians, are in fact the descendants of multi-culturistic Greek diversity, would mean they are also partially the descendants of peoples from the Balkans, that probably originate from more Baltic lands than Balkan, had to be explained away by the early Roman emperors that were now trying to justify wars against the Dardani.
And they admitted (in not so many words), that they are partially descended from Dardani peoples, but that the Dardani are unevolved partial ancestors, and they do not have the same levels of sophistication as the Greeks, that Greco-Romans are also descended from, thus, they are barbarians.
ancient sources
The rulers of some of the great powers of antiquity, such as Epirus), Macedonia) and Rome, claimed a Trojan ancestry linking themselves to Dardanus), who according to the tradition was the founder of the Trojan ruling house. But if Dardanus and the tribes over which he ruled were descended from the Balkan people, who were considered "barbarians" by the Romans, it would have been an embarrassment. Thus, by Roman times the connection was explained by a movement that occurred in the opposite direction proposing that Dardanus caused the settling of the Dardani west of the Thracians, accepting the version that the Dardani were a people related to the Trojans, but that they had degenerated to a state of "barbarism" in their new settlement).[19]
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Beheaded barbarian
Alexander the Great:
The Dardani would expand their power, conquering the whole of Macedonia, and would almost be united with the Persian Achaemenid empire, when Alexander the Great would come along and reclaim Macedonia.
4th century BC
In 334 BC, under the leadership of Cleitus, the son of Bardylis, the Dardani, in alliance with other Illyrian tribes attacked Macedonia held by Alexander the Great. The Dardani managed to capture some cities but were eventually defeated by Alexander's forces.[21]
Link for photo.jpg)
Alexander the Great
Hellenstic empire:
Of course, under Alexanders reign, Macedonia would be at the centre of the worlds biggest empire, and the Achaemenid empire would become collapsed.
Alexander the Great
Alexander endeavoured to reach the "ends of the world and the Great Outer Sea" and invaded India in 326 BC, winning an important victory over the Pauravas at the Battle of the Hydaspes. He eventually turned back at the demand of his homesick troops, dying in Babylon in 323 BC, the city that he planned to establish as his capital, without executing a series of planned campaigns that would have begun with an invasion of Arabia. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart, resulting in the establishment of several states ruled by the Diadochi, Alexander's surviving generals and heirs.
Pharoah:
Of course, his place in history would be cemented when he removed the Persians from the Egyptian throne, and became crowned Pharoah, in 332 BC, thus founding the foundations for the Ptolemic empire.
Egypt
Alexander advanced on Egypt in later 332 BC, where he was regarded as a liberator.[80] He was pronounced son of the deity Amun at the Oracle of Siwa Oasis in the Libyan desert.[81] Henceforth, Alexander often referred to Zeus-Ammon as his true father, and after his death, currency depicted him adorned with the Horns of Ammon as a symbol of his divinity.[82] During his stay in Egypt, he founded Alexandria-by-Egypt, which would become the prosperous capital of the Ptolemaic Kingdom after his death.[83]
Roman alliances:
From the get go, the Ptolomists were keen to form alliances with their sophisticated cousins, the Romans.
Foreign affairs)
He had much less success in his attempts to negotiate a peace between the Macedonia and the Roman Republic in the First Macedonian War (215-205 BC).[24] Ptolemy made large financial contributions to a number of Greek cities in order to gain their favour. He was responsible for the city walls at Gortyn in Crete[25] Ptolemy was honoured for his benefactions with monuments and cults in his honour at various cities, including Rhodes and Oropus[26][27]
In the west, Ptolemy maintained friendly neutrality with the Roman Republic and Carthage, which were fighting against one another in the Second Punic War (218-201 BC). He received a friendly embassy from the Romans in 210 BC, requesting a gift of grain to help feed the starving populus. It is unknown how Ptolemy responded to this request.[28]
Link for photo
Ptolomy IV
Assassination of Alexander IV:
However, the war was far from over, and Alexander the Greats 14 year old son would be assassinated before he could rule Egypt, passing the Pharoahship to the Roman-Greco Ptolomy's.
Death of Alexander IV
However, Green thinks that Heracles was killed after Alexander IV's assassination.[8]
Link for photo
Alexandros IV
Dardanian alliance:
The Dardanian elitists, in true aristocratic fashion, tried to get their foot on the throne another way, by offering to protect the Hellenstic empire against Celtic invasion, by forming allegiances.
Which of course, would result in concessions.
However Ptolomy quite wisely refused, and decided to fight the Celtic armies himself.
1st - 3rd century BC
Celts were present in Dardania in 279 BC.[25] The Dardanian king offered to help the Macedonians with 20,000 soldiers against the Celts, but this was refused by Macedonian king Ptolemy Keraunos.[26]
brennus:
Now, another king that was involved in this invasion beginning around 279 BC, was one of the Brennos brothers.
If you would like to know which one of the brothers it was, and what country he was king of, then simply go to the lobby after reading this article, and read the article "Belinus and Brennius and the sack of rome".
But, Belinas, king of Albany and Cambria, was reported to have committed suicide during this war.
It is likely he did so by jumping off the tower of Apollo.
To find out why it is likely that he jumped off the tower of apollo, simply see other articles in lobby.
Brennus
Another Brennus) was one of the leaders of the army of Gauls who attempted to invade and settle in the Greek mainland in 278 BC. After a looting spree and after managing to pass Thermopylae by encircling the Greek army and forcing it to retreat he made his way to the rich treasury at Delphi but he was defeated by the re-assembled Greek army. Brennus was heavily injured at the battle of Delphi and committed suicide there.
Link for photo#/media/File:Naxos_Sphinx_with_humans_for_size.jpg)
Tower of Apollo
Belgae:
Now, it is very likely that one of the main armies of the Brennos, during their sack of Rome, and conquest of Macedonia, prior to attempting to conquer Athens, were the Belgae.
In fact, Brennius and Belinus where likely one of the Belgae themselves, as "Belgae" was just part of a wider branch of Gaelic speaking Gauls that spread from Britain, Ireland and throughout mainland europe.
The differences between Belgae, and other Gauls, would be simple dialectics, with one another still able to speak to eachother, even if in a totally different accent, or, with slightly different spellings and pronounications.
Beli and Belinus
The consensus among linguists is that the ethnic name Belgae comes from the Proto-Celtic root \belg-* or \bolg-* meaning "to swell (particularly with angebattle fury/etc.)", cognate with the Dutch adjective gebelgd "very angry" (weak perfect participle of the verb belgen "to become angry") and verbolgen "being angry" (strong perfect participle of obsolete verbelgen "to make angry"), as well as the Old English verb belgan, "to be angry" (from Proto-Germanic \balgiz), derived ultimately from the Proto-Indo-European root *\bhelgh-* ("to swell, bulge, billow"). Thus, a Proto-Celtic ethnic name \Bolgoi* could be interpreted as "the people who swell (particularly with angebattle fury)".[3]
Link for photo
Belgia
Julius Caesar:
Now, a lot of confusion and damage was caused by the politics of Julius Caesar, who decided to draw lines between Gallic countries, and insist they are seperate peoples.
His historical understanding is not actually shared by today's contemporary scholar and historian, and was not even shared amongst his own Greco allies, that thought there was an extremely small difference between Gauls, and Germanics, and tribes from other gaelic speaking parts of Gaul.
Strabos obviously did not share Caesars political reasoning.
Origins of Belgae
.[8] Ancient sources such as Caesar are not always clear about the things used to define ethnicity today. While Caesar or his sources described the Belgae as distinctly different from the Gauls, Strabo stated that the differences between the Celts (Gauls) and Belgae, in countenance, language, politics, and way of life was a small one, unlike the difference between the Aquitanians and Celts.[9] The fact that the Belgae were living in Gaul means that in one sense they were Gauls. This may be Caesar's meaning when he says "The Belgae have the same method of attacking a fortress as the rest of the Gauls".[10]
Belgae in Britain:
Now, most of the most southern regions of Albion/Briton, were inhabited by Belgae.
The Belgae are even said to be the same peoples as the Irish Fir-Bolg.
Which is hardly surprising, as they spoke the same language as Irish people.
The name belgium, comes from the Belgae.
Belgae
Some peoples in Britain were also called Belgae and O'Rahilly equated them with the Fir Bolg in Ireland. The Belgae gave their name to the Roman province of Gallia Belgica and, much later, to the modern country of Belgium; today "Belgae" is also Latin for "Belgians".
Link for photo
British Belgae
The birth of the Antiochus:
Now, Ptolomy was doing very well in Egypt, until the rise of Antiochus III's selecud empire invaded and conquered Alexander the greats old lands, including macedonia, and re-established the Iranian/Aryan persian titles.
It is likely that the attacks from Belinus & the Belgae had a "huge" role to play in this success.
Antiochus III
Antiochus III the Great /ænˈtaɪəkəs/ (Greek: Ἀντίoχoς Μέγας; c. 241 – 3 July 187 BC, ruled April/June 222 – 3 July 187 BC)[1] was a Macedonian Hellenistic king and the 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire.[2][3][4] He ruled over the region of Syria and large parts of the rest of western Asia towards the end of the 3rd century BC. Rising to the throne at the age of eighteen in 222 BC, his early campaigns against the Ptolemaic Kingdom were unsuccessful, but in the following years Antiochus gained several military victories and substantially expanded the empire's territory. His traditional designation, the Great, reflects an epithet he assumed. He also assumed the title Basileus Megas (Greek for "Great King"), the traditional title of the Persian kings. A militarily active ruler, Antiochus restored much of the territory of the Seleucid Empire,
Link for photo,late_1st_century_BC%E2%80%93early_1st_century_AD,_Louvre_Museum(7462828632).jpg)
Antiochus III
Anti-Roman freedom fighter:
Now, Antichus III "is not" Greek in the slightest.
He is a blond haired blue eyed boy.
He has conquered Greece from the Greco-Romans.
So, in that sense, yes, he is Greek.
But he announces himself to the world as a freedom fighter fighting against the growing Roman empire.
His invasion of Greece is of course, a huge blow to the Greco-Roman Hellenstic world.
Antiochus III
Declaring himself the "champion of Greek freedom against Roman domination", Antiochus III waged a four-year war against the Roman Republic beginning in mainland Greece in the autumn of 192 BC[5][6]
Link for photo
Seleucid expansion
Roman alliance:
Now, just as Antiochus was about to walk in to Egypt and hand Ptolomy his p45, the Romans decided to ally themselves with Ptolomy after-all, and they came to the rescue.
War against Rome and death
In 192 BC Antiochus invaded Greece with a 10,000-man army, and was elected the commander in chief of the Aetolian League.[19] In 191 BC, however, the Romans under Manius Acilius Glabrio) routed him at Thermopylae), forcing him to withdraw to Asia Minor. The Romans followed up their success by invading Anatolia, and the decisive victory of Scipio Asiaticus at Magnesia ad Sipylum (190 BC), following the defeat of Hannibal at sea off Side, delivered Asia Minor into their hands.[13]
Link for photo
Alban hills
Alban hills:
Now, the early Octavians, from house of Octavius, which was the house Julius Caesar was from, sided with Ptolomy, despite the fact that they themselves are partially descended from Gauls from the Alban hills dating back to Alba longa.
Instead of admit this, they choose to insist that Alba longa is a myth and legend, and instead their real ancestors are the Gods.
Octavia Gens origin
The Octavii originally came from the Volscian town of Velitrae, in the Alban Hills. The historian Suetonius writes,
Towards the end of the Republic, it became fashionable for noble families to trace their origin to the gods and heroes of olden time,
Link for photo#/media/File:Gaius_Octavius,_father_of_Augustus.jpg)
Gaius Octavius
Antiochus:
Now, Ptolomy V is actually related to Antiochus III, through Antiochuses patriarch grandfather, Antiochus, who was the brother of the Ptolomy patriarch, ptolomy.
Antiochus)
Antiochus (Greek: Ἀντίοχος; fl. 4th century BC) was a Macedonian) man who lived during the time of Philip II of Macedon (ruled 359-336 BC). He originally came from Orestis), Macedonia.
Antiochus served as an officer under Philip II, and gained distinction as a military general. Antiochus was from an upper noble family. His father was probably called Seleucus, his brother was called Ptolemy)
Link for photo_(cropped).jpg)
Julius Caesar
Beli mawr:
Therefore, when Beli mawr claims to be related to the mother of Jesus, it is actually not impossible that a person with an Anti-Roman agenda, could in fact be a Belgian.
As the Antiochuses are a North western branch of a family which inter-bred with Messenaeans and fathered some of the most well known emperors of our time, including Egyptian emperors, and Roman emperors, who they later grew to despise.
Beli mawr
Beli Mawr ("Beli the Great") was an ancestor figure in Middle Welsh literature and genealogies. He is the father of Cassivellaunus, Arianrhod, Lludd Llaw Eraint, Llefelys, and Afallach. In certain medieval genealogies he is listed as the son or husband of Anna, cousin of Mary, mother of Jesus.
Cleopatra 1:
And Cleopatra I was likely a Belgae also.
And she was the daughter of Antiochus III that married Ptolomy V after her fathers death.
Cleopatra I
Cleopatra I Syra (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα Σύρα; c. 204 – 176 BC) was a princess of the Seleucid Empire, Queen of Ptolemaic Egypt by marriage to Ptolemy V of Egypt, and regent of Egypt during the minority of their son, Ptolemy VI, from her husband’s death in 180 BC until her own death in 176 BC.
And she was the daughter of Antiochus III that married Ptolomy V after her fathers death.
Life
Cleopatra I was the daughter of Antiochus III the Great, King of the Seleucid Empire, and Queen Laodice III.

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.17 18:59 chadcel900 I’m a woman and I prefer short, brown men

It just so happens that I’m dating a 6’4 blue eyed aryan with an amazing personality. Teehee!
submitted by chadcel900 to IncelsWithoutHate [link] [comments]


2020.09.16 05:20 StevenStevens43 Evidence of pre-roman invasion of Loegria

Evidence of pre-roman invasion of Loegria
Loegria:
As has already been established in previous articles, Loegria pertains to the Southern land of britain, below the river Humber, and the natural border between Southern Britain, and Northern britain, divided by rivers and streams which connect the Irish sea, to the North sea.
This was the natural border of Britain, before invasions.
And if you go to google maps, you will find out yourself that it is "true" that there is indeed a slight divide between the two municipalities, in the form of rivers, and even narrow streams.
Albanactus
Albanactus, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth, was the founding king of Albania or Albany. He is in effect Geoffrey's eponym for Scotland.[1] His territory was that north of the River Humber.[2]
Invasions:
Now we know there has been many invasions of Britain.
1st, the Roman invasion, which resulted in Hadrians wall and Antonine wall.
2nd, Anglos-saxon invasion.
3rd, Viking invasion.
4th, Norman invasion.
However, i don't think the Roman invasion was actually the first invasion.
I think there is evidence, even in legends, of a noticable and serious invasion of Southern lands in Britain.
I will now proceed to attempt to highlight why, i think this is at least, a possibility.
Bladud:
Now, quite simply, to see for yourself, just how inconsistant the biography of Bladud is, with the life and times of all the other legendary kings of Britain, and the fascinating fair comparison to known contemporary history, simply read some of the other articles on my page, and then read this one.
Now, i am going to add my own description in my own words.
"Bladud is a legendary king of the Britons that does not know what century it is".
Bladud
Bladud or Blaiddyd[a] is a legendary king of the Britons), although there is no historical evidence for his existence. He is first mentioned in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae (c. 1136), which describes him as the son of King Rud Hud Hudibras, and the tenth ruler in line from the first king, Brutus, saying Bladud was contemporaneous with the biblical prophet Elijah (9th century BC).
Link for photo
Bladud
School of liberal arts in Athens:
Now, this might not look too unbelievable at first.
My previous articles do point to "huge" Aryan influence in the Greek world.
However, it is just that, it is totally out of the blue in comparison to all the other legendary kings of Britain and Ireland.
He is "the first" to ever be sent over to Athens for schooling.
But ok, maybe that is believable.
After-all, the world is evolving.
Legend
Bladud was sent by his father to be educated in the liberal arts in Athens. After his father's death,
Link for photo.jpg)
Athens
Stamford university:
Apparently, after his fathers death he returned from schooling in Athens, and founded Stamford university in Lincolnshire.
Sorry, but there is absolutely nothing to suggest that Stamford university was founded in Lincolnshire.
This must be the most outlandish claim ever made, in either contemporary history, mythology, or legends.
And, it might be a little bit more believable, if it were consistant with all the other legends, and their accuracy.
Even the most outlandish legend, at first glance, can have somekind of Euhemeric value, if you are able to find the missing pieces.
And i do see euhemeric value in this story, actually, i see it as a sign Loegria was invaded.
Legend
After his father's death, he returned with four philosophers, and founded a university at Stamford in Lincolnshire
Link for photo
Stamford university
University:
Now, "i will" defend the blooded Bladud here.
A university meaning of a community of teachers and scholars is only the modern definition.
University
The word university is derived from the Latin universitas magistrorum et scholarium, which roughly means "community of teachers and scholars".[1]
Link for photo
Oxford
A group:
However the ancient terminology of university, could be defined as not much more than the formation of anykind of group, containing a few individuals.
Not necessarily even exclusively an educational group.
Definition
The original Latin word universitas refers in general to "a number of persons associated into one body, a society, company, community, guild, corporation, etc".[3]
St Augustine:
Now, apparently this university flourished until it was suppressed by Saint Augustine of Canterbury.
Legend
he returned with four philosophers, and founded a university at Stamford in Lincolnshire, which flourished until it was suppressed by Saint Augustine of Canterbury on account of heresies which were taught there.
Link for photo
Saint Augustines expansion
Died 604 AD:
What kind of gibberish is this? Saint Augustine of Canterbury is from 600's AD!
Is this pseudo history of Britain from foreign invaders speaking pigeon Gaelic? Even if this "is" pseudo-history, it is "very very poor", Pseudo-history?
Augustine of Canterbury
Augustine of Canterbury (born first third of the 6th century – died probably 26 May 604) was a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church.[3]
Link for photo
Augustines grave
Papyrus:
Now, i am looking for elements of truth to take from this riddle.
I am beginning to suspect that persons pushing the Papyrus on British shores, may have pre-dated Julius Caesar.
History
Papyrus was first manufactured in Egypt as far back as the fourth millennium BCE.[3][4][5] The earliest archaeological evidence of papyrus was excavated in 2012 and 2013 at Wadi al-Jarf, an ancient Egyptian harbor located on the Red Sea coast. These documents, the Diary of Merer, date from c. 2560–2550 BCE (end of the reign of Khufu).[4] The papyrus rolls describe the last years of building the Great Pyramid of Giza.[6] In the first centuries BCE and CE, papyrus scrolls) gained a rival as a writing surface in the form of parchment, which was prepared from animal skins.[7] Sheets of parchment were folded to form quires from which book-form codices were fashioned. Early Christian writers soon adopted the codex form, and in the Græco-Roman world, it became common to cut sheets from papyrus rolls to form codices.
Link for photo
Papyrus scholar
863 BC or 500 BC:
Now, it just gets worse.
This is simply an incoherent ramble.
863 BC, or, 500 BC?
Legend
Supposedly he ruled for twenty years from 863 BC or perhaps 500 BC
Hot springs out of magic:
No, sorry, until now the legends have been extremely intelligent, and reliable, and the sudden belief in "magic", combined with the psuedo intellectual claims mixed with the inability to even get the date correct within a 363 year gap, is inconsistant, and out of place, with the nature of the other legends.
Legend
in which time he built Kaerbadum or Caervaddon (Bath), creating the hot springs) there by the use of magic.
Link for photo
Bath coat of Arms
Caervaddon:
Now, there is "an interesting" claim here.
A little more consistant with legends up until now.
Apparently Bladud founded Caervaddon (Bath).
Legend
in which time he built Kaerbadum or Caervaddon (Bath), creating the hot springs) there by the use of magic.
Link for photo
Map of Bath
Very believable:
Now, the fact he founded a settlement here is "extremely" believable.
There has been activity in the location since the Mesolithic period, all the way through the Bronze age, in to the Iron age, and the Beaker culture even pre-dates the period of Bladud.
Iron age and Roman
The hills in the locality such as Bathampton Down saw human activity from the Mesolithic period.[3][4] Several Bronze Age round barrows were opened by John Skinner) in the 18th century.[5] Solsbury Hill overlooking the current city was an Iron Age hill fort and the adjacent Bathampton Camp may also have been one.[6][7] A long barrow site believed to be from the Beaker people was flattened to make way for RAF Charmy Down.[8][9]
Archaeological evidence shows that the site of the Roman baths') main spring may have been treated as a shrine by the Britons,[10][11] and was dedicated to the goddess Sulis, whom the Romans identified with Minerva;
Link for photo
Minerva
He what????:
He dedicated the city to the Goddess Athena or Minerva!
What language is he speaking? Minerva is a Greco-Roman God.
No other king in Ireland nor Britain, during this period, is pretending to be a scholarly papyrus, whilst enchanting incoherent rambles, in goodness knows what language.
And what is with all this sudden poetic nonsense? "whose flames turned to balls of stone as they grew low, with new ones springing up in their stead:".
Legend
He dedicated the city to the goddess Athena or Minerva, and in honour of her, lit undying fires, whose flames turned to balls of stone as they grew low, with new ones springing up in their stead: an embellishment of an account from the fourth-century writer Solinus of the use of local coal on the altars of her temple.[5]
He flew off the temple of Apollo in London: What????:
Necromancy? divination? temple of Apollo in London?
Since when?
Pushed off a caer castle maybe!!
Divination, wings and death
The tale claims that he also encouraged the practice of necromancy, or divination through the spirits of the dead. Through this practice, he is said to have constructed wings for himself and to have tried to fly to (or from) the temple of Apollo in Trinovantum (London) or Troja Nova (New Troy), but to have been killed when he hit a wall, or to have fallen and been dashed to pieces or broken his neck. He was supposedly buried at New Troy and succeeded by his son, Leir.
Link for photo
The temple of.... \"Apollo\"
Latin league overthrow:
Now, i cannot go in to too much detail unfortunately, as i have already covered this in previous articles, and i am now running out of space.
But basically, the Latin league have just been overthrown by Messenian Romans.
Roman leadership of the league
During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome. The treaty with Rome was renewed, and it was agreed that the troops of the Latins would attend on an appointed day to form a united military force with the troops of Rome. That was done, and Tarquin formed combined units of Roman and Latin troops.[4]
France:
Messian Romans have also invaded France, from the Medes.
Greek colonies
In 600 BC, Ionian Greeks from Phocaea founded the colony of Massalia (present-day Marseille) on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, making it the oldest city of France.[4][5] At the same time, some Celtic tribes penetrated the eastern parts (Germania superior) of the current territory of France, but this occupation spread in the rest of France only between the 5th and 3rd century BC.[6]
Spain:
During the exact same period, Celts are being pushed out of Iberia/Spain by Greco-Romans.
History of Iberian peninsula
The Greeks are responsible for the name Iberia, apparently after the river Iber (Ebro). In the 6th century BC, the Carthaginians arrived in Iberia, struggling first with the Greeks, and shortly after, with the newly arriving Romans for control of the Western Mediterranean. Their most important colony was Carthago Nova (Latin name of modern-day Cartagena).[7]
War:
Now, i am not saying that the Romans actually conquered Britain as early as 600 BC.
But the war has definitely began, and the effects of this are quite evident even in Loegrian legends were their kings are suddenly speaking Greco-Roman, worshipping Roman gods, getting schooled in enemy territory, flying off temples, worshipping foreign gods, getting made a fool of, and they "suddenly" do not even know their own coherent pseudo history, and the image of Indigenous Loegrians flying off Temples appears quite comical to them,, whilst all the other Celtic legends still attribute their kings to be fighting over territory, building castles, and settlements beginning with Caer, et cetera.
Saxons:
Now, here is where it gets "worse".
Do you remember other articles when i cover the period when the Saxons were kicked out of Southern scandinavia in to German territory, and Greenshield had to go over and help fight them?
Well, during the sack of Rome in in 387 BC, when Brennius, the King of Albany, allied with Gauls and Scandinavians, pushed the Romans out of Gaul, found themselves up against a "surprise foe".
The saxons have only went and allied themselves with the Romans!
And they attacked Brenniuses army!
Conqueror of Rome
Following their unification, Belinus and Brennius merged their armies into one great one and invaded Gaul. After a year of warfare, the joint army managed to subject all the Frankish kingdoms in Gaul to their authority. Now with an even greater army, Belinus lead his great army to Italy and threatened to invade Rome. Outside Rome, the two consuls, Gabias and Porsenna, sued for peace and offered wealth, tribute, and hostages as a sign of their submission. Belinus and Brennius accepted and took their great army to Germany. Soon after this movement north, Rome broke the treaty and marched north, and Brennius went to fight the Romans while Belinus remained at war with the Germans (who were being helped by various other Italian troops).
Temple of concord:
And it would have been the temple of concord, according to more reliable legendary accounts.
But even the Temple of Concord is Roman.
Legend
He reigned in peace and prosperity for forty years then died and was buried in the Temple of Concord, a tribute to his laws, which resided in Trinovantum. His death sparked another civil war between his two sons, Belinus and Brennius.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 21:17 StevenStevens43 Rothechtaid moses family (2)

Rothechtaid moses family (2)
Red shield:
This article is in response to another article i wrote, which i will link to below.
In my last article, i received a reply from someone.
Rothechtaid family
  • FetterJoint wrote
I believe you are, at least, mistaken with the origin of the name „Rothschild“. It does not come from the word „child“, but rather the German „Schild“ meaning „shield“. Rothschild means „red schield“.
Link for photo
Flag of Alba
Rothenschild:
So. Is FetterJoint correct?
Yes, of course he is.
Overview
The name is derived from the German zum rothen Schild (with the old spelling "th"), meaning "at the red shield", in reference to the house where the family lived for many generations (in those days houses were designated not by numbers but by signs displaying different symbols or colours). A red shield can still be seen at the centre of the Rothschild coat of arms.
Link for photo
Rothschild family crest
Red:
Now, let us take on board the information received from FetterJoint, and work out whether or not this strengthens my position, or weakens it.
So let us look at the meanings of "Roth", once again.
Roth obviously has strong connections with the word "red".
I will also only point out the definitions which best support my position.
I will however produce a link, which links directly to the list of definitions, and you can decide yourself if i left anything out which would "contradict" my argument.
But 3, 4, 5 were left out due to irrelevance.
Roth surname)
  1. The spilling of blood from the warrior class of ancient Germanic soldiers;
  2. Ethnic name for an Anglo-Saxon, derived from rot (meaning "red" before the 7th century), referencing red-haired people;
  3. Derivative from roe in the ancient Danish language to signify (of) a king;
7, Of the red colour of clay, as in pottery (German).
Ebraucus:
Now, i aim to attempt to find out where the orgins of Rothechtaids becoming "Red shields", might come from.
And i will begin with a supposed king of Albany (Scotland) from approximately 1060 BC to 1010 BC, named Ebraucus.
Now, according to British legends, Ebraucus founded the village of Eboracum, which later evolved in to the City of York.
I will also just add. It is in fact likely not true that Scotland did not get conquered by the Romans.
As i have revealed in prior threads, there is a natural border between Northern Britain and Southern britain running all the way between the river Humber, just below York, and the Lake district, in the form of rivers and streams that flow out in to the Irish sea.
In British legends, this marked the border between Loegria (England) and Albany (Scotland).
So when the Romans conquered Eboracum, that was likely Albion/Caledionia, and they pushed the border up to Hadrians wall.
Ebraucus
He founded two settlements: Kaerebrauc, the City of Ebraucus (Eboracum), north of the Humber (this later became York,
Link for photo
Constantine the Great in Eboracum
Eboracum:
So, is it true that York derived it's name from Eboracum?
Well, yes. The etymological roots of the word York, is Eboracum.
Origin of the name
The word York (Old Norse: Jórvík) is derived from the Brittonic name Eburākon (Latinised) variously as Eboracum, Eburacum or Eburaci),
Link for photo
Tower of Eboracum
Alclud:
Another sensational claim is that Ebraucus also founded the old Capital of Albany, Alclud, in Strathclyde.
Ebraucus
and Alclud in Albany (now part of Dunbarton, capital of Strathclyde).
Breton:
So what evidence is there to suggest this is true?
Well, in actual fact, contemporary historians and scholars, agree, that the Brythonic language evolved out of the old Albannach speaking kingdom of Alclud, when Alclud became "Breton", the capital of Strathclyde, not long after the Romans left.
Strathclyde
Strathclyde (lit. "Strath of the River Clyde"), originally Cumbric: Ystrad Clud or Alclud (and Strath-Clota in Anglo-Saxon), was one of the early medieval kingdoms of the Britons) in what the Welsh call Hen Ogledd ("the Old North"), the Brythonic-speaking parts of what is now southern Scotland and northern England. The kingdom developed during the post-Roman period. It is also known as Alt Clut, a Brittonic term for Dumbarton Castle,[1]
Link for photo
Strathclyde
Town of Maidens:
Apparently, Ebraucus also built the town of Maidens, which was supposed to be an ancient settlement on the castle rock, which is the location of todays Edinburgh castle.
Ebraucus
According to Polydore Vergil he "builded the town of Maidens, now called Edinburgh Castle,
Link for photo
Edinburgh castle
Maidens castle:
So what is the truth in this?
Well, in actual fact, the Edinburgh castle was in fact referred to as the Maidens castle, right up until the 16th Century.
Earliest habitation
The name "Maidens' Castle" (Latin: Castra or Castellum Puellarum) occurs frequently up until the 16th century.[15] It appears in charters of David I (r. 1124–1153) and his successors,[16] although the reason for it is not known. William Camden's survey of Britain, Britannia (1607), records that "the Britans called [it] Castle Myned Agned [winged rock], the Scots, the Maidens Castle
Link for photo
LLUEDDINIAWN Castle
Battle against Gauls:
Now, Ebraucus also fought a battle against Gauls, and slaughtered them, apparently.
Ebraucus
Following the death of his father, Mempricius, he became king and reigned 39 years. According to Geoffrey he was admired, tall, and remarkably strong. He was the first to wage war on the Gauls since the time of Brutus. By pillaging the cities and shores and slaughtering many men
King Maddan:
Now, Embraucus grandfather, just so happened to be King Maddan.
So, more likely Maddans town.
It has already been revealed in a quote earlier, that Embraucus is the son of Mempricius.
Mempricius
Mempricius (Welsh: Membyr) was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the son of King Maddan and brother of Malin.
Enna Airdech:
Now, i understand this all might be hard to follow, and might be getting confusing, but you might just have to read things over carefully.
Enna Airgdech was an Irish high king that avenged the death of his father, by killing Oengus Olmucaid.
Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver",[1] also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid,
Oengus Olmucaid:
Oengus Olmucaid, was an Irish high king who was credited with conquering the whole of Albany, aswell as the Orkneys, and probably Germanic parts of Scandinavia (Schleswig)
Oengus Olmucaid
Óengus Olmucaid (or Aengus Olmucada), son of Fíachu Labrainne, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. During the reign of his father, he conquered Scotland. He came to power by killing the incumbent High King, Eochu Mumu, who had killed his father twenty-one years earlier. He fought many battles against the Cruithne), the Fir Bolg, the Fomorians and other peoples of Ireland, the people of the Orkney islands, and even the Longobardi. He was killed by Enna Airgdech, son of Eochu Mumu,
Rothechtaid mac Main 1005 BC until 980 BC:
Now, Rothechtaid mac Main also reigned as high king of Ireland from 1005 BC until 980 BC.
He also killed the person which killed his grand-father, and king of Albany, Oengus Olmucaid.
This would effectively make Rothechtaid mac Main, the King of Albany, and most likely related to Ebracus through Maddan and malin.
Or, Maen, depending upon dialect/
Rothechtaid mac Main
Rothechtaid, son of Maen, son of Óengus Olmucaid, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power by killing the previous incumbent, his grandfather's killer Énna Airgdech, in the battle of Raigne. He ruled for twenty-two years. The Lebor Gabála Érenn gives two versions of his death. In one version, he was killed in single combat in Cruachan by Sétna Airt, who fought to protect his son Fíachu Fínscothach. In the other version, he died of his wounds in Tara.[1] The chronology of Geoffrey Keating's Foras Feasa ar Éirinn dates his reign to 1005–980 BC,[2]
Silver shields;
In order to win the throne back, Rothechtaid mac Main defeated an army (likely lombards) which used silver shields.
Enna Airgdech
Énna Airgdech ("rich in silver",[1] also spelled Airgthech, Airgtheach), son of Eochu Mumu, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. He came to power after killing the previous incumbent and his father's killer, Óengus Olmucaid, in the battle of Carman. He is said to have made silver shields for his nobles in Argatros. He reigned for twenty-seven or twenty-eight years, before being killed by Óengus' grandson Rothechtaid mac Main in the battle of Raigne.[2]
Red hair:
Now that i have hopefully established that Rothechtaid mac Main and Ebraucus are likely the same person. I will now attempt to highlight why "Roth" appears to be synonymous with the word "Red".
Red hair is pretty much synonymous with people from North west europe, and you do not get any farther North West europe, than Ireland and Scotland.
Red hair
Red hair (or ginger hair) occurs naturally in one to two percent of the human population, appearing with greater frequency (two to six percent) among people of Northern or Northwestern European ancestry and lesser frequency in other populations. It is most common in individuals homozygous for a recessive allele) on chromosome 16 that produces an altered version of the MC1R protein.[1]
Link for photo
Red haired warriors chasing the Greeks, in Greece, 340 BC
Queen Tati:
Now, this surprisingly brings me to just before the time of the Hyksos, which likely began when a foreign king named Sheshi, married an Ethiopian queen named Tati, in order to forge a Canaante union with Upper egypt and Canaan, much to the displeasure of the native lower Egyptians, that placed Teti on the execration texts, which were pretty much the Egyptian equivalent of todays terrorist register, minus the voodoo dolls.
Queen Tati)
Tati's seals have been found at Leontopolis) and Abydos. Since her scarabs are of two designs, this has allowed them to be dated to the reign of Sheshi, since the designs correspond to a change that took place during his reign, as evidenced by his hundreds of surviving seals. The most likely explanation for her prominence is that she was the wife of Sheshi.[1]#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt199753-1)
The Egyptologist Kim Ryholt suggested that Tati's marriage was probably part of a dynastic alliance between Sheshi and the Kushite rulers of Kerma. This is suggested by the strong relations the Fourteenth Dynasty is known to have had with Kerma, as well as by the names of Tati and her presumed son.[3]#cite_note-FOOTNOTERyholt1997114%E2%80%9315-3) The name Tati is attested in earlier execration texts naming a Kushite queen (spouse of Awaw) as one of the enemies of the pharaoh.
Link for photo#/media/File:Scarab_BM20824_Newberry.png)
Tati painting
Sheshi:
So, it appears, this foreigner got in to the Nile delta, to establish a dynasty known as the Hyksos, by marrying an Ethiopian princess, regarded as a terrorist by Lower egyptians.
Sheshi
Ryholt proposed that Sheshi allied his kingdom with the Kushites in Nubia via a dynastic marriage with the Nubian princess Tati). Ryholt further posits that the son of Sheshi and Tati was Nehesy, whose name means "The Nubian", whom he believes succeeded Sheshi to the throne as the pharaoh Nehesy Aasehre.
Link for photo.jpg)
Sheshi cartouche
Ahmose I:
Of course, as has already been established in previous articles, the descendants of the Sheshi & Tati marraige, would later turn against their foreign roots, and ally themselves only with their Kushite roots, and would expel the foreigners during an uprising in 1549 BC.
Ahmose I
During his reign, Ahmose completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the Nile Delta, restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of Nubia and Canaan.[8]
Link for photo
Ahmose I
Amschel Moses Rothschild:
Now, this brings me to the Roth uprising to internation prominence beginning with Amschel Moses Rothschild.
Overview
The family's ascent to international prominence began in 1744, with the birth of Mayer Amschel Rothschild in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. He was the son of Amschel Moses Rothschild (born circa 1710)
Thutmosis IV:
Now, it just so happens that one of Ahmose I's descendants, was part of a Moses dynasty, which waged war, invaded, and conquered, Mesopotamian lands, which included war upon Aryan kings, and the result was the Indo-Aryan Hittite empire being sent from Southern Asia, and Northern europe, to fight the out of control native egyptians.
However, as the Moseses are actually partially descended from the people they are fighting, they might themselves have certain Northern biological components in their Nubian genes.
For example, Thutmosis IV, had reddish hair !
An African with Reddish hair !!
Buriel
His hair, which is parted in the middle, is about 16 cm (6.3 in) long and dark reddish-brown.
Link for photo
Thutmose IV
Summary:
So does this make the Rothschilds Jewish?
Does it make them related to Moses?
Does it make them Nubians?
No, i do not think so.
It probably just means, Sheshi, probably liked his Haggis.
Also, it probably also means, you do not need to be Jewish to be a Zionist.
Even red haired people may think they have an entitlement to the Egyptian throne, or were somehow wronged by Sheshi's grandchildren!

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 08:52 TheAtomicEsquire LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project [Part I: Intro and ZE GERMANS]

Introduction to LEVIATHAN Rising: A Spacedy Pleblore Project
So, what is all this then? It is the out-of-control Kudzu Worldbuilding of a bona fide space cadet who simply loves trying to answer narrative questions about "how?" and "why?". Though that doesn't answer much. Probably best to start at the beginning.
LEVIATHAN Rising began as a submod idea for adding Space Race content for the other American presidents who are not John Glenn. It wasn't long before I could see that that was never going to happen, because I had no idea how to make my ideas mechanically meaningful nor any no good reason why, if I was just writing a story, why it had to be in HoI4 rather than a medium which didn't require me to learn to do some coding. It's since grown a bit in scope since then, with the goal of trying to reasonably detailed and (hopefully) workable space programs that are each unique and interesting in their own way.
The initial target of the project is to produce four installments -- like the one below -- addressing the origins up to 1962 of the space programs of the four nations that either are supposed to be part of the Space Race or who have events that establish them as having a mature launching capability: Germany, Japan, the United States, and Italy. (I will probably break my own rule and take Italy past 1962, as it's the odd duck whose becoming a space-launching power is the one that occurs in-game.) That should provide, at the very least, a resource for anyone who might be pondering these questions themselves and maybe even provide some inspiration to someone.
Whether I finish is another question entirely. And given that we haven't even gotten to the titular LEVIATHAN Plan yet, well...
Part I: Those Stupid Jetpack Nazis and a (Not So) Brief History of Der Mondflug
The Origins of the Ten-Year Plan and Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture
Unlike its American and Japanese counterparts, the origins of the German space program can be traced directly to the actions of just two men: Werner von Braun and Hermann Goering. The former, the father of the German ballistic missile program, had always seen his work at Peenemunde as merely a first-step on the long road towards mankind’s expansion into the great expanse beyond our world. Braun would never be shy about evangelizing on the subject of space or using the immense pool of aeronautical talent assembled over the years at Peenemunde to tackle the problems associated with sending men to the stars. This penchant for, as the Heer’s and Luftwaffe’s mandarins called it, “misappropriating official resources” earned him no kudos with the military bureaucracies, who in turn were apt to write-off his calls for a lunar expedition as a fool’s errand as much because of the proposer as the proposal itself.
Sometimes, however, only one friend is necessary, if sufficiently high-ranking. And there were few men higher-ranking in the Reich than Hermann Goering. Spaceflight, by its very nature, spoke to Goering’s technophilic sensibilities and love of great machines doing even greater works. The exploration of space would also give the Luftwaffe a new frontier of its own to conquer, a project on the scale of Atlantropa or the colonization of the Slavic East, at a time when the German air force was distinctly lacking an animating mission beyond strafing untermenschen for fun and profit. So it was that, in May 1952, Goering requested that Braun conduct a design study on the feasibility of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Goering further requested that, if such was possible, Braun develop a plan for doing so which could be presented at the 23rd Reichsparteitag (Party Congress) the September of the coming year. The Reichsmarschall also promised Braun all necessary support in obtaining a “favorable report”.
With Goering’s backing, Braun finally had the freedom and resources to tackle the task he had wanted to for his entire professional life. And tackle it he and his team at Peenemunde did. In just under nine months, they produced An Introductory Primer on and Ten-Year Proposal for a Lunar Mission, an eight-volume, 3,000-page report that was equal-measures high-concept study and mission reference document. Braun confidently predicted that the Reich could land a man on the Moon by 1963 and outlined his steps for a lunar expedition:
1) Developing a three-stage Earth Ferry Shuttle (“EFS”) to provide access to orbit, with each stage being piloted and returning to the launch site after deployment of the payload, allowing each stage to be refurbished and reused;
2) Building a Large Space Station (“LASS”) in near-Earth orbit, to gain experience in building things in orbit in space, provide an environment to learn how humans adapt to zero-g, and provide a jumping-off point for the eventual lunar expedition;
3) Assembling a fleet of three Moonships at the LASS from payloads boosted into orbit by several squadrons of EFSes. The combined payload of the Moonship fleet would be 50 people and 250 tonnes of payload.
4) Mounting the expedition when the Moonships are built and their crews delivered from Earth. The expedition will spend 6-8 weeks on the surface of the Moon, before returning to the LASS via the Moonships.
Bold and ambitious, The Ten-Year Proposal represented more than a decade of accumulated watercooler discussions, off-topic thought exercises, and piecemeal research, plus half-a-year of frantic design work by a half-dozen newly created working groups. Its attempt to be a comprehensive treatment of the subject were admirable, though its eclectic breadth and wildly varying levels of detail attested to where the specialties of the team at Peenemunde were, with the most work going into the sections related to rocketry. (More esoteric topics addressed included the mechanical difficulties of using the bathroom in non-standard gravities, the potential inclusion of ships’ pets for morale purposes on a long and dangerous journey, and theoretical considerations for human reproduction beyond Earth’s magnetosphere.)
The Ten-Year Proposal was everything that Goering had asked for, and more much more besides. A draft was prepared for circulation to the Fuhrer – removing, for example, such potentially seditious discussions of human sexual relations on the Moon – for his approval, which came immediately. Hitler’s interest was so stimulated that it was decided that the theme of the 23rd Rechisparteitag would be “The New Order on All Worlds”, celebrating the twin great works of National Socialism: The forging of the new continent Atlantropa and Germany’s impending conquest of the heavens themselves. By the 33rd Reichsparteitag, it was to be announced, there would be a swastika on the Moon!
And so, with the Fuhrer’s blessing came the resources of a continent, as the Reich’s bottomless reserves of capital, both fiscal and intellectual, were furnished to make the dream of a man on the Moon a reality. Neither Braun nor Goering had given much thought to the seemingly mundane task of naming the program that would take on a life of its own over the next decade. That came in September 1953, when the Fuhrer, in his dedication of the Reich Institute on Spaceflight at Peenemunde (RIS), stated: “The Ten-Year Program, carried out with wondrous machines of the sort shown to the Reichsparteitag, is a sacred duty and obligation entrusted to you. And there is no higher calling than performing such duties and fulfilling such obligations.”
And in the language of the Reich, the Fuhrer’s message was equally clear: The Ten-Year Program and Reichsparteitag Architecture would succeed. Failure was not an option. At least if the Ten-Year Program’s leadership wanted enough of themselves left for their families to bury.
“Die Glückliche Zeit”: Excelsior and Pride Goeth
Veterans of Peenemunde – both before and after the formation of the RIS -- would recall the period from the middle of 1953 until the start of 1957 as the “Happy Time”, when life was good from the seemingly infinite budgets and near-daily breakthroughs as Peenemunde became the site of the greatest scientific endeavor of the age. Werner von Braun had been named RIS Director at its founding and, at the helm of a major national project blessed by the Fuhrer himself, bestrode the political scene like a colossus. It was a time of Olympian propositions, in which nothing could not be done if the RIS just put its mind to doing it. Of course – as Dr. Heinz Schlicke never tired of reminding his new colleagues – the “Happy Time” that was being paid homage to ended rather badly for the Kriegsmarine, and emulating would not be desirable.
Contrarians like Schlicke aside, Braun happily counted himself as one of the contented at RIS. Everything was by no means perfect, as the start of the Happy Time was bookended by the young program’s first major security breach. Three months before the Institute’s founding, it was discovered – rather embarrassingly – that somehow the CIA had gotten ahold of a copy of The Ten-Year Proposal, when detailed (and nominally highly classified) technical diagrams appeared in a Collier’s article entitled “Man Will Conquer Space Soon!”. The resulting organizational debriefing by the SD was not pleasant, but for the whole of the Happy Time that followed, the Ten-Year Program’s contact with the Reich’s security services was incidental and nonintrusive, which was about as much as could be hoped for given the amount of public money and classified information were involved.
Work on the design of the EFS, LASS, and Moonships occurred in parallel from the inauguration of the RIS into 1955. The center of the project remained the EFS, to be powered by the Ragnarok family of rocket engines, from – as one junior engineer put it – “the feeling that the world is ending when they’re fired.” The first-stage would be powered by between five and seven of these R-1s, with each generating 750,000kgf of thrust. The second-stage would use a variant tuned for specific impulse rather than thrust, while the third would use smaller-still variants for final ascent and in-orbit maneuvers. Payload was expected to be 40 tonnes to LEO.
As it evolved, the EFS simplified in conception: The boosting stages became unmanned and, while work remained ongoing to make them fully reusable, the brutal time-table mandated by the Ten-Year Plan brought about a working assumption that least the first production models would be expendable. The third-stage, meanwhile, evolved into a spaceplane -- the Planetary Descent Orbiter (“PLADO”) -- due to the easier technical hurdles to clear as opposed to its originally envisioned tail-sitter configuration. These changes were, on the whole, to be expected as this sort of highly experimental project evolved. By March 1955, the EFS was complete enough to begin building assembly prototypes, as the testing on the various engines to be used was already underway.
While the Ten-Year Program’s principal booster was sorting itself out, it became increasingly necessary to sort-out the greatest physical impairment to the Reichsparteitag Architecture’s success. Quite simply, the existing facilities at Peenemunde were grossly insufficient for the task envisioned and basic geography prohibited it from ever being an appropriate launch-site. Situated at more than 54°N Latitude, its orbital inclination was useless and consumed precious delta-v performing maneuvers to reach equatorial orbits. Further, its launch corridor took rockets flying over the Reich and Ostland as they ascended, unless further in-flight maneuvers were carried out to track the Baltic, which further ate into payload capacity. If the Ten-Year Plan was to stay on schedule, a new launch site would need built.
Braun outlined the needs to Goering for a launch site that was compliant with the vehicles of the Reichsparteitag Architecture. What was ideally needed was a place near the Equator with coastal access to an expansive body of water to its east. Goering believed that either of Reichskommisariats Ostafrika or Madagaskar would likely have a suitable location. As the Foreign Ministry was briefed on the need to handle the diplomatic niceties, a rather unexpected turn of events occurred: They had a counterproposal! Both the Foreign Ministry and Ministry of Industry had long sought to foster greater scientific and economic cooperation within the Einheitspakt. And, in light of Mediterranean – specifically Italian – discontent owing to the Atlantropa Projects, that the Ten-Year Program’s needs provided an opportunity to kill three birds with one stone. As the Equator runs through Italian East Africa and the Somalian coast has a number of sparsely populated ports eminently suitable appropriation. Extending such a prestigious honor would also do much to placate the Italians and provide a nexus for scientific cooperation between all of the nations of the Einheitspakt. Goering’s violent reaction to this “Speerite subterfuge” did little to scupper the Foreign Ministry’s proposal, which was elevated to the Fuhrer for consideration. And, much to the Reichsmarschall’s chagrin, it was approved over his objections.
Much of the next eighteen months would be spent building the Goering International Space Center in Hermannstadt – as the port of Kismayo was renamed in a concession to assuage Goering’s wounded pride – in equatorial Somaliland. The joint Italo-German enterprise would consume, by most estimates, a billion Reichsmarks to build the most expansive spaceport in the world in one of the most underdeveloped corners of the world and on a taxing schedule, as everything in the Ten-Year Program was. The Goering Space Center was officially inaugurated on December 17, 1956, with the shakedown launch of the first all-up A17 “Loki” rocket. Composed of two stages, the A17 was powered by a single R-1 engine in its first-stage and a single R-2 in its second, representing the first flying accomplishment of the Ten-Year Plan.
1957: The Year of the Black Sun
The beginning of 1957 buzzed with the news that the Space Race was finally heating up: After half-a-decade or more of talking about going into space, technology had matured enough to actually allow attempts to be made. Both Japan and the United States were allegedly to be sprinting to be the first to orbit an artificial satellite, which was believed to be capable of happening as soon as the summer. For the RIS, such notions were quaint, as the Reich had no such plans. After all, why should the world’s premiere space program be concerned with the lobbing of a few dozen kilograms of electronics into orbit when it was planning on to send a man into orbit and bring him back in a capsule massing thousands of kilograms? And to launch such by the last week of February, no less?
There was, indeed, a confidence that permeated Peenemunde that the uncharitable might have considered hubris. Certainly no one noticed sudden spike in missed deliveries from contractors as winter 1956 gave way the new year. Nor was any heed given to the alleged murmurings of friends and loved-ones in RK Moskowien about ominous rumblings from the Russian Wastes. But when a summons came from Germania, summoning the RIS Director to brief Goering on the status of the Ten-Year Program’s finances, it was clear that something was deeply, deeply troubling was going on.
For, as of January 25, 1957, no one at RIS knew the exact state of the finances of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture or the Ten-Year Program. They were projects blessed by Fuhrer: With such things, requests – or demands – were made for whatever was needed to accomplish them, and that was invariably produced if the security services or Heer was not to be involved. What monies were involved were always handled later on RIS’s behalf by the Luftwaffe or other governmental functionaries who were, in general, loathe to discuss such with Institute personnel.
With no small amount of trepidation, Braun and a team from RIS made their way to Germania. And were shellshocked when they were informed that the Fuhrer had, in light of the Reich’s many earthbound concerns, determined that the Ten-Year Program was not a worthwhile investment of the Reich’s resources. Which was why it had been decreed that the RIS would suspend all operations related to the Reichsparteitag Architecture effective immediately and prepare a detailed report on the most cost-effective way to accomplish the Ten-Year Program’s core goal of placing a man on the Moon by the end of 1963. Braun protested vociferously that, if there were concerns about the value of the work being done, a mere six weeks would be enough time to demonstrate its worth to the Fuhrer. Goering, however, brooked no objection, just as the Fuhrer had when Goering had lobbied him for precisely what Braun wanted. And if anyone did have problem with that, he’d ensure they were issued a rifle and sent to Moscowien to die in the snow fighting Soviet remnants.
And thus a thick malaise descended upon the RIS, as efforts that should have been focused on beginning manned flights were forcibly rerouted into inventorying what might salvageable from the Ten-Year Program, if it was salvageable at all. Gone were the LASS and Moonships, as they required far too much mass – and cost too much besides – to keep. So too was PLADO, for without the LASS to fabricate, what purpose was served with a big and heavy spaceplane cutting into orbital throw-weight? The Ten-Year Program, if it was to put on a man on the Moon, would have to embrace cramming men into tiny spacecraft “like spam in a can”, as the baleful lament went. The Loki at least guaranteed a working base for boosting payloads and the A20 “Thor” – the full-stack of the EFS – had been expected to be ready for preliminary full-up trials by the first-quarter of 1958 with a third-stage that provided a simple ballistic return capsule while the PLADO had finished prototyping. A low-energy, low-payload (“LELOP”) manned mission with a time on the surface measured in hours was probably technically feasible within the timeframes available.
The LELOP concept evolved into what was deemed a workable design for a three-man mission, assembling a moonship in orbit, consisting of two components, each lofted into a parking orbit as the third-stage of a Thor: The Lunar Transit Rocket (“LUTR”) and a Lunar Expeditionary Ascender-Descender (“LEAD”). The crew would ascend into space aboard the LUTR and, upon reaching orbit, dock with the waiting LEAD that had previously been launched. The moonship would then boost to the Moon, where two of the crewmen would transfer to the LEAD and detach, making a powered soft-landing on the Moon. At the completion of the lunar activities, the two men on the surface of the Moon would board the Ascender capsule of the LEAD, detach it from the Descender landing system, and boost back into orbit, where it would dock with the orbiting LUTR. The reunified moonship would then boost for Earth, where the crew of the spacecraft would board the Ascender capsule and detach from the LUTR, engage in a kick-down maneuver into the atmosphere for aerobraking, and splash-down with the Ascender capsule somewhere in the Atlantic.
Determining that not all hope was lost should have been a cause for cautious optimism; the more irrationally exuberant might have even hoped that the thoroughness with which RIS had embraced its mandate might earn it goodwill with the Fuhrer sufficient to not have to make all of the cuts contemplated. As the RIS’s progress was being inventoried, however, it became increasingly clear the scale of the crisis in which the Reich was embroiled, as the Berlin Stock Market collapsed on Black Monday leading to a financial meltdown that destroyed the Reichsmark and soon contaminated the whole economy. While, within the fortnight, word arrived that the latest resurgent Soviet remnant – the West Russian Revolutionary Front – had declared war against RK Moscowien and launched a general winter offensive from the Arctic to the Caspian. With the domestic situation in freefall as winter turned to spring, it was clear that there would be no salvation of the Reichsparteitag Mission Architecture. The only question was whether the Fuhrer would see fit to allow for the Valkyrie Program – as the LELOP mission design was styled – would be given permission to resume.
The Report on the State of the Ten-Year Lunar Program was transmitted to Germania in April. It would sit until October, when Germania found itself in the dire predicament of not only being in a Space Race, but having fallen behind, with the Japanese Asagataningen-1 becoming the world’s first artificial satellite. The crisis precipitated by the Asagataningen-1, however, was in short-order swept away by the Reich’s announcement shortly thereafter of its intent to impound all further payments to and from the Einheitspakt’s Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund, sparking a diplomatic rupture with the Iberians and Italians, which culminated in the dramatic withdrawal of the Iberian Union and Italian Empire from the Einheitspakt. And, disastrously for the German space program, the seizure and nationalization of the Goering Space Center.
As 1957 drew to a close, the German space program had been brought to its knees as the Reich was gripped by a wave of crises not seen in decades. But the lunar program had endured the year’s body blows. That was more than can be said for many ambitious projects – including the Atlantropa Projects themselves – and would, hopefully, prove to be enough.
By Hook or Crook: Valkyrie Ascendant
As 1958 commenced, the Valkyrie Program was in a shambles. Much of the Reichsparteitag Architecture it had meant to build on was in disarray, as contractors had moved onto new projects over the past year and key personnel, such as the original astronaut class that had been selected, were reassigned back to line service with the Luftwaffe. To say nothing of the total loss of the physical infrastructure that had been built specifically for the Ten-Year Program, as the Italians steadfastly claimed the Goering Space Center and its half-dozen Loki rockets in various states of assembly and the prototype full-up Thor as “compensation” for the Reich’s refusal to honor its obligations from the Atlantropa Adaptation & Mitigation Fund.
The news was not all bad, however. Desperate fighting had, over the winter, appeared to check the West Russian Revolutionary Front before the gates of Moscow. And the Russians’ withdrawal had turned into a rout as the WRRF disintegrated as the web of alliances between its various warlords came undone in the retreat. That would mean, in theory, there could once more be a pool of suitable astronaut candidates. But that meant little without a place to launch from: Either a suitable replacement complex would have to be built or there would have to be significant modification of the facilities at Peenemunde, to say nothing of the changes needed to vehicle design to accommodate the atrocious inclination angle.
Ironically, it would be the Foreign Ministry that would put forward a possible solution to the problem that, for many at RIS, was their fault to begin with. With the “West Russian War” over – or at the very least with the Soviets effectively scattered and incapable of offensive action– the Reich needed to reassure the world that it remained a superpower. A significant international construction program was just what was needed! And, given the disposition of the political leadership of RK Ostafrika, a show of goodwill and the Fuhrer’s primacy was necessary after Himmler’s abortive coup to ensure the RK remained in the fold. The Foreign Ministry could ensure that the resources were found to build at least a minimally satisfactory launch site if it were to be situated in RK Ostafrika. And, from the last time the subject was raised, Pemba Island in Zanzibar was considered a suitable site! Whatever skepticism Braun might’ve had was assuaged by the reassurance that Reichskommisar Huttig can be very…convincing when it comes to motivating the local workforce to meet deadlines. And the grim fact that the challenges of shipping rockets around the Cape of Good Hope to Zanzibar is still significantly less complicated than trying to make a lunar mission launched from Peenemunde work.
With the promise of a new launch site and renewed funding, the Valkyrie Program finally could begin putting its house in order. Had Braun and the rest of the RIS leadership known much of America’s national pastime, they would have concurred that 1958 promised to be a “rebuilding year”, even if their overly optimistic plans held. It had been hoped that a crash modification of one of the launch pads at Peenemunde, as well as upgrading the mission control suite, could be completed by July and allow the formal commencement of the manned Space Operations and Skills Project (“SOSP”) that had been delayed since the suspension of the Ten-Year Program. SOSP had been intended to be the first steps of learning how to operate in orbit and start acquiring the skills necessary to build the LASS; it would still be needed even with Valkyrie’s much less grandiose plan, which still called for several orbital dockings in both Earth and lunar orbits.
As it was, the economic waves caused by collapse of the Reichsmark and the removal of some of Europe’s most productive industrial zones by the creation of the Ordenstaat Burgund meant that it would be well into 1959 before the necessary modifications were made to Peenemunde to handle the launch of the Loki rocket which was intended to be used for SOSP missions. The delays imposed by the modifications to Peenemunde were, in their own way, a blessing: They allowed the drag-chute to be pulled and RIS, as an institution, to fully acclimate itself to the Valkyrie Program and conduct some badly needed operational planning relating to it, when previously most of the work done amounted to taking the relevant bits of the Ten-Year Program and/or Reichspartei Architecture and then attempting to repurpose them on the fly. The full mission reference document for the Valkyrie Program was finally written-up and a full launch time-table for SOSP was developed, with 16 SOSP flights between 1959 and 1963, as well as six flights – manned and unmanned -- shaking down an otherwise full-up Thor mission-stack, with a tentative lunar mission date to coincide with the 33rd Reichsparteitag, much to the delight of both the Fuhrer and Goering.
Unfortunately for the Valkyrie Program, it would not be allowed to keep its footing for long. For despite having finally developed a feasible operational plan for reaching its objectives and actively moving into terrestrial field testing of all major subsystems to achieve those objectives, it was due to once more be beset by the Reich’s tumultuous politics. On April 12, 1959, the Reich once more found itself upstaged in the Space Race, when the United States’ Pioneer 1 succeeded in making John Glenn the first man to orbit the Earth. This was the second time that the Reich had been humiliated in a field that, by all rights, should belong to the Aryan race. There was no active war or acute economic crisis to blame this embarrassment on this time. It could, in the Fuhrer’s learned judgment, only be the fault of the management of the Valkyrie Program. A way must be found to restore the Reich’s honor. And, to ensure that sufficient motivation was had by both the Luftwaffe and RIS, the SS would be conducting a top-to-bottom audit of the program to identify potential areas for improvement.
The SS’s audit, despite its ominousness, was surprisingly gentle on the Valkyrie Program, finding that no meaningful changes could be made in the mission architecture to facilitate a faster Moon-landing. (Just where the SS found a pool of spaceflight experts not associated with RIS was, unfortunately, not one of the topics remarked upon.) What the audit did recommend was a radical restructuring of the finalized mission calendar, finding – based upon comparable American and Japanese protocols – that a mere six SOSP launches should be necessary, as well as a manned full-up test of the Thor followed by the launching of the lunar mission. If done, and the New Equatorial Launch Site on Pemba Island became available by July 1961, the program could have an Aryan on the Moon by the end of that same year. The Valkyrie team objected strenuously to what it perceived as wanton corner-cutting with the lives of German astronauts, to which the SS auditors merely recommended that, if the Luftwaffe could not find astronaut-candidates willing to trust the engineering prowess of the Aryan race with their lives, the SS certainly could. Even more distressingly, the Fuhrer adopted the recommendation, ordering the recommended adjustments to the mission calendar under threat of transfer of the whole Valkyrie Program to the SS.
The rest of 1959 and the whole of 1960 would prove to be reminiscent of an earlier, happier time at the RIS, before the dreams of the Ten-Year Plan were shattered by the Year of the Black Sun. Work proceeded steadily as the first four SOSP missions were flown, final ground-testing was completed on the rebuilt Thor prototypes and the Valkyrie moonship was deemed ready for man-rating. As the finish line was increasingly within view, however, the question of what came next haunted the corridors of power at RIS. Because of the long lead-time on certain key items, especially things like large rocket engines, potentially years of foreknowledge and planning would be necessary to keep RIS’s production pipeline flowing. As early as the dark days of 1957, the question of what would come after the first lunar landing was being investigated by an Ad Hoc Committee on Future Manned Missions, with the general conclusion of RIS that while the adaptation of the original Reichsparteitag Architecture to the systems created by the Valkyrie Program and continued pursuit of the Ten-Year Plan was the best course of action, at the very least a continued program of lunar exploration was required if only to justify the immense sums invested in both the Ten-Year and Valkyrie Programs, as well as better define future requirements and needs for manned spaceflight beyond Earth and its immediate environs. Both the Goering, however, flatly rejecting financing for further Valkyrie Program mission-planning for at least a period of at least 18 months after the first lunar landing, though the flying of smaller Loki-based missions were not prohibited.
That another funding cliff loomed was disappointing, but by no means was it even one of the five-worst faced by RIS since the inauguration of the Ten-Year Plan. Thankfully, while the Luftwaffe had curtailed the flight-testing program for Thor, there had been no cancellation of the four Thors on order for the cancelled test-flights. The production lines for the Reich’s heavy-lifter could, with a little creative structuring, be kept open during the moratorium on Valkyrie mission-planning. Given that the Valkyrie Program had already had to restart the Thor production line once already, avoiding having to deal with the arduousness of that again would save the program headaches in the future, should the political climate change and allow for more ambitious spacefaring.
1961 brought further delays to SOSP-5 and SOSP-6, though in a pleasant change of pace, for positive reasons. For a given definition of “positive”, at any rate. RK Ostafrika announced to the Foreign Ministry that it had completed the New Equatorial Launch Site a full three months ahead of schedule and would be ready to christen it in mid-April. The whole world, unfortunately, knew that the New Equatorial Launch Site was ahead of schedule, as the rather loud murmurings about the hellacious treatment of the native workforce building the Site were noteworthy for the intensity of the alleged brutality, even by the rather disturbing standards of Reichskommisar Huttig’s fiefdom. Nonetheless, juggling the schedule to allow SOSP-5 and -6 to launch from the Frederick Barbarossa National Launch Complex – as the Fuhrer insisted on naming it – would allow for greater acclimation to the facilities prior to the all-up manned Thor flight. Such juggling would prove invaluable, as the breaking in of Barbarossa National would throw back the flight of Valkyrie 5 from an initial mid-July launch to a mid-October one.
What is most amazing about the Barbarossa National break-in missions – SOSP-5, SOSP-6, and Valkyrie 5 – was not that they were as successful as they were, but rather that they were successful at all, given under the crushing schedule and active mandating of cutting corners from on-high. With a recipe for a massive explosion on the launchpad, the break-in missions not only didn’t get anyone killed, but functioned well enough to be called successes. It would be, for many at RIS, their finest professional moment and a testament to the thoroughness of German engineering. Less charitable – and almost invariably American or Japanese – engineers would also note the rather healthy amount of luck involved, given the risks taken. And that observation would not be incorrect, either.
Valkyrie 5 would set a record for the longest continuous presence in orbit, at just under 45 man-days for the three-man crew, as a whole lunar transit was simulated while orbiting Earth. At the conclusion of the mission, Braun advocated for allowing the more or less fully-loaded Valkyrie 5 to remain in orbit, in the hope that it might serve as the basis for a low-cost second Moon mission at some point in early 1962. As on the subject of mission-planning, he was overruled, though this time on the basis of national security, as it was unknown whether another mission would be mounted and a more or less fully intact Valkyrie would be a tempting espionage for the other superpowers. When the Ascender capsule detached and kicked into the atmosphere, a kick-down burn was remotely engaged, plunging the whole of Valkyrie 5 into an orbit that would see its burning wreckage scattered across several dozen square kilometers of the Indian Ocean.
The rest of 1961 would be spent going over the technical data gathered from the full-up dress rehearsal flight and ironing out what glitches remained. The accumulation of delays led to the amended mission calendar’s original launch date of December 20, 1961 – which would have placed a man on the Moon during the Winter Solstice – to slip. But all systems appeared to be go for Valkyrie 6 to lift-off on January 1, 1962, to ring in the new year with a demonstration of the Reich’s long-fermenting capability to dominate space…
Author's Comments
TNO is a mod that loves its alternative history to rhyme. That is, for story beats (such as historical events) to happen in ways or at times which evoke OTL, but which are nonetheless creatures of the allohistorical work. I'll admit that I just couldn't help going whole-hog with the rhyming history here. I blame the fact that the rocket in the New Start screen is very obviously a Totally Not Saturn V, even though that makes precious little sense in context.
For those who are not as unheathily familiar with the history of space exploration as I am, let me explain. Most of what's discussed here is, in fact, 100% OTL with the roles inverted. Between 1952 and 1954, Werner von Braun wrote a series of articles for Collier's magazine -- the first, of course, being called "Man Will Conquer Space Soon!" -- that featured a lavish vision of an expedition to the Moon, and a process to get there consisting of building a rocket with a reusable spaceplane final stage, which would build a space station in orbit, that would assemble a fleet of moonships to take a massive expedition to the Moon. He found no real support for his ambitions, but did eventually get a job putting a man on the Moon, though the Apollo Program was a radically different beast with radically different philosophies than the Collier's project.
At any rate, here, Braun gets an infinitely deep pocket to build his Collier's project, and then, when forced to pare himself back to...Apollo, as Loki is the Totally Not Saturn I(b), Thor the Totally Not Saturn V, LUTR the Totally Not Apollo Command and Service Module, and LEAD the Totally Not Lunar Module. The guy just can't catch a break in either timeline.
If I Were A Rich Man Deep One Modder...
Consider this an idea that would make an interesting submod unto itself, but for which I certainly don't have the skill or chops to create. Who knows, maybe someone will get some mileage out of it.
Reichskommisariat Raketeland
Following the onset of the German Civil War, many RIS members -- including its director -- fled the Reich for Pemba Island in RK Ostafrika in the hopes of finding a safe port in a raging storm. While the Afrika-Schild was embroiled in its war with South Africa, Pemba Island was far removed from the fronts and OFN aircraft gave wide berth to the Barbarossa National Launch Complex, lest a provocation be caused that might draw the ire of the Reich. With the war drawing ever-more of RK Ostafrika's resources southward, Pemba Island is increasingly left to govern itself, and with a well-established leadership hierarchy from RIS and a battalion of regular Luftwaffe Fallschirm-Panzergrenadiers, it might just be able to do so/
submitted by TheAtomicEsquire to TNOmod [link] [comments]


2020.09.14 01:01 StevenStevens43 Battle of Magh Tuireadh

Battle of Magh Tuireadh
Irish divide:
Just like in my previous thread, when i showed how there truly is a natural divide between England and Scotland, and Wales and England, and Cornwall and England, when rivers and streams, regardless of how little the streams become, do in fact completely 100% seperate England from Scotland, between the Humber and Lake district, Irish sea and Bristol Channel, and Irish sea and English channel, respectively.
However there is actually also a "natural" Irish divide, which pre-dates any political divide.
Though, the natural divide is not actually a North South divide, like the political divide.
But instead, an East West divide.
You see, as you can find out for yourself "right now" simply by going to google maps, and playing a game of "Maze", and find the stream that divides Ireland, you will find that between Lough Gill (Sligo), and Limerick, there is a river, that goes deep inland, before becoming a stream.
But at no point does the stream become disconnected, meaning, that the land between Limerick and Sligo, which makes up for a huge part of West Ireland, is in fact a seperate Isle from East Ireland.
Google maps
Partition:
Now, it may appear that the "troubles" in Ireland date back to 1921, when Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland became partitioned.
Partition
In December 1921, the Anglo-Irish Treaty was concluded between the British government and representatives of the Second Dáil. It gave Ireland complete independence in its home affairs and practical independence for foreign policy, but an opt-out clause allowed Northern Ireland to remain within the United Kingdom,
Link for photo

Anglo-Irish treaty
1st May 1169 AD:
Others however, may say, no way (or words to that effect), it all goes back to what led up to the partition in the first place, which was the Norman invasion of Ireland in 1st May 1169.
Norman and English invasions
On 1 May 1169, an expedition of Cambro-Norman knights, with an army of about 600 men, landed at Bannow Strand in present-day County Wexford. It was led by Richard de Clare, known as 'Strongbow' owing to his prowess as an archer.[51] The invasion, which coincided with a period of renewed Norman expansion, was at the invitation of Dermot Mac Murrough, King of Leinster.[52]
Link for photo
Norman castle
River Lee:
There is however a "third" seperation in Ireland.
Ireland, "is" indeed sperated from North and South.
But this seperation is not in Northern Ireland.
It is actually in Southern Ireland, between Whiddy Island in the North Atlantic, and Cork, flowing out in to the Irish sea.
It is actually only a small portion, but is indeed a 100% seperation, thus a seperate Isle.
Google maps
Fir Bolg:
This could explain why, in Irish legends, we have "three" seperate line-ages, with the first settlers in Ireland, before leaving Ireland again, and then re-returning.
Fir Bolg
In medieval Irish myth, the Fir Bolg (also spelt Firbolg and Fir Bholg) are the fourth group of people to settle in Ireland. They are descended from the Muintir Nemid, an earlier group who abandoned Ireland and went to different parts of Europe. Those who went to Greece became the Fir Bolg and eventually return to the now-uninhabited Ireland. After ruling it for some time, they are overthrown by the invading Tuatha Dé Danann.[1]
Link for photo_(14760453666).jpg)
Fir Bolg
Tuatha de Dannan:
The second are Tuatha de Dannan.
The Tuatha de Dannan are most likely the same people as the Fir-Bolg.
Quite simply, when they left Ireland they were the Fir-bolg.
Those that remained, continued to be the Fir-Bolg.
But when the Fir-Bolg returned, they were now known as the Tuatha de Dannan, giving the impression of a slightly seperate peoples.
Tuatha de Dannan
The Tuath(a) Dé Danann (Irish: [t̪ˠuəhə dʲeː d̪ˠan̪ˠən̪ˠ], meaning "the folk of the goddess Danu)"),
Link for photo
Tuatha de Dannan
Danish tribes:
And the Tuatha de Dannan are most likely Danish tribes that have invaded Ireland, as "Tuatha" actually means "tribe".
Name
The Old Irish word tuath (plural tuatha) means "people, tribe, nation";
Indigenous:
However, the Indigenous, are most likely the Fomorions.
They are most likely the same peoples as those that lived under Queen Gwendolans rule in Cornwall.
Fomorions
The Fomorians (Old Irish: Fomóire, Modern Irish: Fomhóraigh or Fomhóire)[1] are a supernatural race in Irish mythology. They are often portrayed as hostile and monstrous beings who come from under the sea or the earth. Later, they were portrayed as giants and sea raiders. They are enemies of Ireland's first settlers and opponents of the Tuatha Dé Danann,[2]
Link for photo
Fomorions
Doggerland:
Now Ireland likely has a similar history to Britain.
With Britain being connected to European mainland until 6500 BC, it is likely that the many of the inhabitants of Britain were likely a bit more Eurasian, than Norse.
Doggerland
Doggerland was an area of land, now submerged beneath the southern North Sea, that connected Britain to continental Europe. It was flooded by rising sea levels around 6500–6200 BC.
Link for photo
Doggerland
10,500 BC:
This might suggest, that the earliest inhabitants to arrive in Ireland around 10,500 BC, after the melting of the Ice-caps, were more of an Ahrensburgian mixture of Eurasian Messe-Aryan, than pure Aryan.
And contemporary scholarship and archaeological understanding, does support this idea.
Contemporary historians do believe that it was not until the 3rd Millennia that the first Celts began arriving in Ireland.
Emergence of Celtic Ireland
The most recent genetic research strongly associates the spread of Indo-European languages (including Celtic) through Western Europe with a people bringing a composite Beaker culture, with its arrival in Britain and Ireland dated to around the middle of the third millennium BC.[21]
Link for photo
History of Hibernia
The battle of Magh Tuireadh:
Therefore, the troubles in Ireland, likely go all the way back to the battle of Magh Tuireadh in approximately 1477 BC, when the three factions of Fir-Bolg, Tuatha de Dannan, and Fomorions, all fought it out.
Cath Maige Tuired
Cath Maige Tuired (modern spelling: Cath Maighe Tuireadh; transl. "The Battle of Magh Tuireadh") is the name of two saga texts of the Mythological Cycle of Irish mythology. It refers to two separate battles in Connacht: the first in the territory of Conmhaícne Cúile Tuireadh near Cong, County Mayo,[1] the second near Lough Arrow in County Sligo. The two texts tell of battles fought by the Tuatha Dé Danann, the first against the Fir Bolg, and the second against the Fomorians.

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.13 21:09 StevenStevens43 Learn Albannach. Learn your history

Learn Albannach. Learn your history
Albion:
According to legend, Brutus became the first King of Britain in the year 1112 BC, and he settles in a city on the banks of the River Thames which would later become known as Trinovantum, and even later, London.
Historia regum britannia
Brutus then founds a city on the banks of the River Thames, which he calls Troia Nova, or New Troy. The name is in time corrupted to Trinovantum, and the city is later called London.[13] He creates laws for his people and rules for twenty-four years. After his death he is buried in Trinovantum, and the island is divided between his three sons: Locrinus (England), Albanactus (Scotland) and Kamber (Wales).
Link for photo
Albania flag
Albion:
Now, you may wonder why i am waving the Albanian flag, to depict the Island of Britain. Should i not be waving the Union jack?
Well no, because at it's roots, the island of Britain was originally named Albion, which derives from the etymological Gaelic root word "Albio", and Albania, derives from the exact same root word.
You see, when the Greeks Latinised the word to Albion, and we think this means that the name Albion, comes from the Greeks, and therefore that means the belief that there is no earlier reference available for the island of Britain being referred to as Albion, and thus everything before this Greek attestation must be purely mythological, is completely wrong, and misunderstanding the evolution of language.
Quite simply, the Greeks got the the word Albion, from the already existing Gaelic word, "Albio".
All the Greeks done was Latinise the word, to better suit their dialect, and writing system.
Simple as that.
Etymology
The oldest attestation of the toponym comes from the Greek language (Ἀλβίων)[6] and Latinised as Albiōn (genitive Albionis), derives from the Proto-Celtic nasal stem \Albi̯iū* (oblique \Albiion-) and survived in Old Irish as *Albu (genitive Albann). The name originally referred to Britain as a whole, but was later restricted to Caledonia (giving the modern Scottish Gaelic name for Scotland, Alba). The root *albiio- is also found in Gaulish and Galatian albio- ("world") and Welsh elfydd (elbid, "earth, world, land, country, district"). It may be related to other European and Mediterranean toponyms such as Alpes, Albania
Link for photo
Albio
The Alan family:
Now, take a moment to go and read my article on the Alan family, and you might find out just how influential and widespread the royal family were.
At a stretch, the Alans may have even sat on the Egyptian throne for a short period around the 500's BC.
Now, in the legends of Brutus of Troy, Brutus even claims to be an "Alan".
What actually appears to be happening here, is that Albio' and his sons, Locrinus, Albanactus, and Kamber, are being Latinised to, Brutus, Francus, Alamanus and Romanus.
The Romans are simply re-writing Albino history in to their own language, and this is leading to confusion.
Historia Britonnum
Yet another Brutus, son of Hisicion, son of Alanus the first European, also traced back across many generations to Japheth, is referred to in the Historia Brittonum. This Brutus's brothers were Francus, Alamanus and Romanus, also ancestors of significant European nations.[10]
Japheth:
Now, according to the Romans, Brutus was descended from Japeth.
But in actual fact, this is inaccurate.
Albio, was actually the grandson, of Aeneas.
Historia Britonnum
[1] A more detailed story, set before the foundation of Rome, follows, in which Brutus is the grandson or great grandson of Aeneas
Alba longa:
In reality, Albios bloodline, and name, would be more consistant with the terms Alba, and Aeneas, which would simply have been a Gaelic dialectual deviant of the word Alanus, prior to the Messenian Roman invasion in the 600's BC, when Alba-Longa became Rome, and Albio became Brutus.
Alba longa
Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient Latin) city in Central Italy, 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills. Founder and head of the Latin League, it was destroyed by the Roman Kingdom around the middle of the 7th century BC, and its inhabitants were forced to settle in Rome. In legend, Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome, had come from the royal dynasty of Alba Longa, which in Virgil's Aeneid had been the bloodline of Aeneas,
Link for photo
Alba longa
Cambria:
Now, according to legend, "Albio" gave Cambria/Cymru (Wales) to his son Camber.
Camber)
Camber, also Kamber, was the legendary first king of Cambria, according to the Geoffrey of Monmouth in the first part of his influential 12th-century pseudohistory Historia Regum Britanniae. According to Geoffrey, Cambria, the classical name for Wales, was named for him.
Link for photo.svg)
Cambria
Cimmerians:
Now, what evidence do we have for a Gaelic root word for Wales pre-dating any Roman attestations?
Well, we have Cimmerians out fighting a war in the near east around 1000 BC.
And likely led by an Alan.
Coincidentally their red dot distribution leads directly to Alba longa.
Cimmerians
The Cimmerians (also Kimmerians; Greek: Κιμμέριοι, Kimmérioi) were a nomadic Indo-European people, who appeared about 1000 BC[1] and are mentioned later in 8th century BC in Assyrian records. While the Cimmerians were often described by contemporaries as culturally "Scythian", they evidently differed ethnically from the Scythians proper, who also displaced and replaced the Cimmerians.[2]
Link for photo
Cimmerian distribution
Welsh:
Now, the scholarly understanding that the word Cimmerian, is in fact Brythonic, is now quite contemporary.
It is also very likely that this particular Brythonic dialect relates more to the Welsh branch.
Legacy
The etymology of Cymro "Welshman" (plural: Cymry), connected to the Cimmerians by 17th-century Celticists, is now accepted by Celtic linguists as being derived from a Brythonic word *kom-brogos, meaning "compatriot".[21]
Albannach:
However, again, confusion sets in here, as Brythonic is actually Latinised.
In actual fact, the language was "not" Brythonic, it was "Albannach".
And as we have already established, either on this article, or previous, Alba once pertained to the entire Island of Albion, which we now call Britain, after the Roman invasion and the erection of Hadrians wall, when Alba got pushed North, to be replaced by this "Br".
Albannach)
Albannach, Scottish Gaelic for "Scottish,"
Link for photo#/media/File:Albannach_live.JPG)
Albannach
Albanactus:
And, this brings me to Albanactus.
The supposed youngest son of "Albio".
Albanactus supposedly inherited from Albio, the land North of the Humber, which they named Albany.
In addition to this, you will also find that Humber is the river that flows between the North sea, and Irish sea, and even today, the land North of the Humber, and South of the Humber, is pretty much 100% disconnected by rivers and streams.
To find out what the old border between England and Scotland was, simply click on the link i provide, zoom in, and follow the water.
There are however hundreds of streams.
Do you remember that game "maze" when you get a pencil and try to find your way out? Well, you can do this on google maps, and find the stream that connects the irish sea to the North sea in Yorkshire.
Once you have found it.
Please then go to the Severn river, and find out the old border between Loegria and Camber, by finding the Stream which connects the severn, to the Irish sea.
Albanactus
Albanactus, according to Geoffrey of Monmouth, was the founding king of Albania or Albany. He is in effect Geoffrey's eponym for Scotland.[1] His territory was that north of the River Humber.[2]
Link for google maps
Now, what evidence do we have for ancient Albanians?
Well, we have the Scoloti, who were led by the Alans, and united themselves with the Cimmerians, in Scythia, whilst out in the near east.
Scythians
.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
In the 7th century BC, the Scythians crossed the Caucasus and frequently raided the Middle East along with the Cimmerians, playing an important role in the political developments of the region.[10][
Link for photo
Alba flag
Locrinus:
Now, Locrinus was another son of Albio, and was given the land of Loegria (England).
However, a little lie is told here.
In actual fact, the land he was awarded, was nothing like the equivalent of todays "England".
He was awarded the land south of East riding of Yorkshire, and the Lake district.
Locrinus
Locrinus was a legendary king of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He was the oldest son of Brutus and a descendant of the Trojans through Aeneas. Following Brutus's death, Britain was divided amongst the three sons, with Locrinus receiving the portion roughly equivalent to England,
Link for photo
English flag
Isle of Cornwall:
Now, if you go google maps, you will find that Cornwall, is actually 100% seperated from British mainland, by rivers and streams, running between River Fowey, flowing out in to the Channel, and the River Gannel, flowing out in to the Irish sea.
Google maps
Queen Gwendolen:
Now this explains why Queen Gwendolen found herself fighting Loegria, from this tiny little Isle she was patronised with.
Queen Gwendolen, also known as Gwendolin, or Gwendolyn (Latin: Guendoloēna) was a legendary ruler of ancient Britain. She is said to have been queen during the 11th century BC.
As told by Geoffrey of Monmouth in his pseudohistorical account Historia Regum Britanniae, she was the repudiated queen of King Locrinus until she defeated her husband in battle at the River Stour. This river was the dividing line between Cornwall and Loegria, two key locations in ancient Britain. After defeating the king, she took on the leadership of the Britons, becoming their first queen regnant.
Link for photo
Flag of cornwall
Corineus:
Now, Albio awarded Corineus with the land of Cornwall.
Though, Corineus was not one of his relations.
It would appear Corineus was getting palmed off.
Corineus
Corineus, in medieval British legend, was a prodigious warrior, a fighter of giants, and the eponymous founder of Cornwall.
Link for photo
Corineus
Doggerland:
So what does it all mean?
Well, it probably means that in actual fact, the Scottish, English, Welsh, divide actually pre-dates Hadrians wall and Offas dyke, and actually has boundaries drawn from nature, and the Island of Albion has always been inhabited by peoples that agree they share the same island, but remain slightly autonomous, due to slight natural differences.
It also means that it is likely that the Roman-Brit, pre-dates the half cast Romano-Brit left by the Romans in the southern lands, and actually the Southern lands from the Humber down, were always quite highly influenced by a Romano-Brit, that was probably more of a Messian-Albino, back then.
At least before an Alan invasion of Aryans from Scandinavian descent in around 1112 BC, when Messian-Albinos likely got pushed to cornwall.
This would be due to the fact that Britain used to be connected with Eurasia, before doggerland sank in 6,500 BC, and therefore, before a "White" invasion, Britain would have probably been a little more Eaurasian.
Doggerland
Doggerland was an area of land, now submerged beneath the southern North Sea, that connected Britain to continental Europe. It was flooded by rising sea levels around 6500–6200 BC.
Link for photo
Doggerland
White:
And, like it or not, the word "Albion", does mean white.
Which would strongly suggest that the Alans were "White".
Etymology
the Proto-Indo-European root \albho-*, meaning "white" (cf. Ancient Greek ἀλφός, Latin albus ).
Alba Albania:
I will bring this article now, to a close, by reminding everyone about the Alba Albanian flag

Alba Albanian flag
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.12 17:53 StevenStevens43 The Messenian trojan horse wars

The Messenian trojan horse wars
Eochu Uairches 633-621 BC:
Eochu Uairches was an Irish high king, that is reported to have left Ireland for 12 years, during the second halve of the 600's BC.
Apparently he left Ireland in a fleet, to wage war and plunder neighbouring countries.
Now this might appear to just be trivial and unimportant legend, but, in actual fact, just this little snippet of information may be more indicative and consistan with the happenings going on in the world around this time.
And this is what i hope to highlight in this article.
Eochu Uairches
Eochu (or Eochaid) Uairches, son of Lugaid Íardonn, was, according to medieval Irish legend and historical tradition, a High King of Ireland. After Lugaid was overthrown and killed by Sírlám, Eochu was driven into exile overseas, but he returned after twelve years, killed Sírlám with an arrow, and took the throne. His epithet is obscure: the Lebor Gabála Érenn says he gained it because of his exile,[1] while Geoffrey Keating explains it as meaning "bare canoes", because he had canoes for a fleet, in which he and his followers used to plunder neighbouring countries.[2]
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Tara stone (biography)
Kaska invasion:
Now, it is likely that were Eochu Uairches went, is connected to a war which began in around 1450 BC with the kaska invasion.
As has already been established on other threads, the Egyptian pharoah Ahmose I, in 1549 BC, led a native Egyptian uprising against foreign rulers in Egypt, and expelled them from Egypt, and continued chasing them northwards, under Thutmose III.
In response to this, the Indo-Aryan Hittite empire came up from South Asia, and down from Northern parts of europe, and made Anatolia the base for their war on Egypt, when, for whatever reason, the Greeks seemingly allied themselves with Egypt, and began attacking the Hittite empire.
The first attack was the Kaska invasion.
The Kaska invasion was conducted by indigenous Greeks/Romans, as Anatolia was the land that is modern day Turkey, and the Greeks would have felt that this land belonged to them.
Early history
The Kaska, probably originating from the eastern shore of the Propontis,[4] may have displaced the speakers of the Palaic language from their home in Pala).[citation needed]
The Kaska first appear in the Hittite prayer inscriptions that date from the reign of Hantili II, c. 1450 BC, and make references to their movement into the ruins of the holy city of Nerik.[5] During the reign of Hantili's son, Tudhaliya II (c. 1430 BC), "Tudhaliya's 3rd campaign was against the Kaskas."[6] His successor Arnuwanda I composed a prayer for the gods to return Nerik to the empire; he also mentioned Kammama and Zalpuwa as cities which he claimed had been Hittite but which were now under the Kaskas.
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Anatolia
Hittite counter attack:
Now, as has already been established, the Hittites hit back, and won the war.
But, in fact, the war would continue from this moment on, probably right up until the time of the Roman empire, if not beyond.
Early history
Tudhaliya III and Suppiluliuma (c. 1375–1350 BC) set up their court in Samuha and invaded Azzi-Hayasa from there. The Kaska intervened, but Suppiluliuma defeated them; after Suppiluliuma had fully pacified the region, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma were able to move on Hayasa and defeat it too, despite some devastating guerrilla tactics at their rear. Some twelve tribes of Kaska then united under Piyapili, but Piyapili was no match for Suppiluliuma. Eventually, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma returned Hattusa to the Hittites. But the Kaska continued to be a menace both inside and out and a constant military threat. They are said to have fielded as many as 9,000 warriors and 800 chariots.[10]
Arzawa revolt:
The Kaska war would be continued with the Arzawa revolt, when this time, subjugated native Greeks/Romans would rise up against the Hittites.
Involvement in Asia minor
In c. 1400 BC, Hittite records mention the military activities of an Ahhiyawan warlord, Attarsiya, a possible Hittite way of writing the Greek name Atreus, who attacked Hittite vassals in western Anatolia.[53] Later, in c. 1315 BC, an anti-Hittite rebellion headed by Arzawa, a Hittite vassal state, received support from Ahhiyawa.[54] Meanwhile, Ahhiyawa appears to be in control of a number of islands in the Aegean, an impression also supported by archaeological evidence.[55]
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Middle east
Mycenaean collapse:
However, the end result of the Arzawa revolt was not good for the native Greeks/Romans, that found themselves having to flee their homeland and seek refuge on the islands of the Mede, as the Northerners they had tried to remove from Anatolia, had responded with an almost total conquest of Greek mainland.
Final collapse
None of the defence measures appear to have prevented the final destruction and collapse of the Mycenaean states. A second destruction struck Mycenae in c. 1190 BC or shortly thereafter. This event marked the end of Mycenae as a major power. The site was then reoccupied, but on a smaller scale.[62] The palace of Pylos, in the southwestern Peloponnese, was destroyed in c. 1180 BC.[68][69] The Linear B archives found there, preserved by the heat of the fire that destroyed the palace, mention hasty defence preparations due to an imminent attack without giving any detail about the attacking force.[64]
As a result of this turmoil, specific regions in mainland Greece witnessed a dramatic population decrease, especially Boeotia, Argolis and Messenia.[64] Mycenaean refugees migrated to Cyprus and the Levantine coast.[69] Nevertheless, other regions on the edge of the Mycenaean world prospered, such as the Ionian islands, the northwestern Peloponnese, parts of Attica and a number of Aegean islands.[64] The acropolis of Athens, oddly, appears to have avoided destruction.[64]
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Mycenaean depopulation
Fall of Hittite empire:
The Hittites would eventually be removed from Mesopotamia.
But not by the Greeks.
It would be the Neo-Assyrians that would send the Hittites out of Mesopotamia.
Hittites
Between the 15th and 13th centuries BC, the Empire of Hattusa, conventionally called the Hittite Empire, came into conflict with the New Kingdom of Egypt, the Middle Assyrian Empire and the empire of the Mitanni for control of the Near East. The Middle Assyrian Empire eventually emerged as the dominant power and annexed much of the Hittite Empire, while the remainder was sacked by Phrygian newcomers to the region. After c. 1180 BC, during the Late Bronze Age collapse, the Hittites splintered into several independent Syro-Hittite states, some of which survived until the eighth century BC before succumbing to the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
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Asia minor
Scoloti:
However the Hittites would only retreat to the otherside of the Black sea, were they would become known as the Scoloti, and would join forces with the Cimmerians.
Scythians
The Scythians are generally believed to have been of Iranian origin.[6] They spoke a language of the Scythian branch of the Iranian languages,[7] and practiced a variant of ancient Iranian religion.[8] Among the earliest peoples to master mounted warfare,[9] the Scythians replaced the Cimmerians as the dominant power on the Pontic Steppe in the 8th century BC.[10] During this time they and related peoples came to dominate the entire Eurasian Steppe from the Carpathian Mountains in the west to Ordos Plateau in the east,[11][12] creating what has been called the first Central Asian nomadic empire.[10][13] Based in what is modern-day Ukraine and southern Russia, the Scythians called themselves Scoloti and were led by a nomadic warrior aristocracy known as the Royal Scythians.
The Scythians are generally believed to have been of Iranian origin.[6] They spoke a language of the Scythian branch of the Iranian languages,[7] and practiced a variant of ancient Iranian religion.[8] Among the earliest peoples to master mounted warfare,[9] the Scythians replaced the Cimmerians as the dominant power on the Pontic Steppe in the 8th century BC.[10]
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Scythia
War of the Medes:
The fallen Hittites would now retreat to the otherside of the Black sea, and turn their focus purely on conquering Greece.
Scythians
In the 7th century BC, the Scythians crossed the Caucasus and frequently raided the Middle East along with the Cimmerians, playing an important role in the political developments of the region.[10][14] Around 650–630 BC, Scythians briefly dominated the Medes of the western Iranian Plateau,[15][16]
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Scoloti comb
Welshmen:
Contemporary scholars now agree, that the Scolotis partners in crime, the "Cimmerian", is from the root word Cymru, which is the ancient name for Wales.
legacy
Early modern historians asserted Cimmerian descent for the Celts or the Germans, arguing from the similarity of Cimmerii to Cimbri or Cymry. The etymology of Cymro "Welshman" (plural: Cymry), connected to the Cimmerians by 17th-century Celticists, is now accepted by Celtic linguists as being derived from a Brythonic word *kom-brogos, meaning "compatriot".[21
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Welsh flag
First Messenian war:
This of course, would all lead to the first Messenian war, when Sparta would expel native Greeks and native Spartans.
First Messenian war
The First Messenian War was a war between Messenia and Sparta. It began in 743 BC and ended in 724 BC, according to the dates given by Pausanias).
The war continued the rivalry between the Achaeans) and the Dorians that had been initiated by the purported Return of the Heracleidae. Both sides utilized an explosive incident to settle the rivalry by full-scale war. The war was prolonged into 20 years. The result was a Spartan victory. Messenia was depopulated by emigration of the Achaeans to other states. Those who did not emigrate were reduced socially to helots, or serfs. Their descendants were held in hereditary subjection for centuries until the Spartan state finally needed them for defense.
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Messenian Greece
Dorians:
Now this is where confusion sets in.
The Trojan horse effect.
You see, the Dorians that invaded Sparta from the North, pushed the indigenous Spartans out to the Medesm and the Dorians assumed the name "Spartans", in the place of the original Spartans.
This means, that because we now have Spartans fighting Medians, people think that the Spartans are the Greeks, and the Medians are the foreigners.
But this is not the case.
The Spartans are actually the Dorians.
The Dorians carried the flag that had originally belonged to the very people they were expelling from Greece.
Dark ages
The earliest certain evidence of human settlement in the region of Sparta consists of pottery dating from the Middle Neolithic period, found in the vicinity of Kouphovouno some two kilometres (1.2 miles) south-southwest of Sparta.[28] These are the earliest traces of the original Mycenaean Spartan civilisation represented in Homer's Iliad.[citation needed]
This civilization seems to have fallen into decline by the late Bronze Age, when, according to Herodotus, Macedonian tribes from the north (called Dorians by those they conquered) marched into the Peloponnese and, subjugating the local tribes, settled there.[27] The Dorians seem to have set about expanding the frontiers of Spartan territory almost before they had established their own state.[29]
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False flag
Second Messenian war:
One of the biggest mistakes the Spartans made, was expelling the Messenians from their homeland.
I will reveal why shortly.
However the second Messenian war has a great deal to do with why.
You see, the Romans had until now, been completely demolished by the Dorians/Scythians/Hittites/Spartans, whatever you want to call them, but in around 660 BC they re-emerged on Greek mainland and began to fight back.
They actually won a battle, and began pushing the "Spartans" out, but the Spartans did regain their composure and won the war.
At least, for now.
War
Furthermore, the Spartans were able to quell the revolts following the death of the Argive commander. With the aid and support of the Athenian schoolmaster and poet Tyrtaeus, the Spartan Army was able to crush the Messenians and re-establish their helot status. As a result of this war, Spartan society became a strong militaristic power in the Mediterranean in order to control the masses along the Peloponnese and to prevent further rebellions brought on by the helots who later did manage to break away from Spartan rule around 350 BC.[6]
Bakenranef:
Now, do you remember i said that one of the biggest mistakes the Dorians made was expelling the Romans to the Medes?
Well here is why.
The Romans would re-emerge in Italy, according to Egyptian pharoah Bakenranef in 725 BC.
The Romans first arrived in the Bay of Naples.
Bakenranef
,[4] "Perhaps some Greeks, unknown to us, had had close dealings with him; from his reign we have scarab-seals bearing his Egyptian name, one of which found its way into a contemporary Greek grave on Ischia up near the Bay of Naples." Ischia was the earliest of eighth-century BC Greek colonies in Italy.
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Bakenranef stele
Ischia:
And archaeologists do agree, that right around this time, Messenaean Greeks turned up in Ischia.
Ancient times
An acropolis site of the Monte Vico area was inhabited from the Bronze Age, as Mycenaean and Iron Age pottery findings attest. Euboean Greeks from Eretria and Chalcis arrived in the 8th century BC to establish an emporium for trade with the Etruscans of the mainland.
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Ischia
Latin league:
Now, the Romans are pushing themselves ever so close to the territory of the Latin league.
Latin league
The Latin League (c. 7th century BC – 338 BC)[1] was an ancient confederation of about 30 villages and tribes in the region of Latium near the ancient city of Rome, organized for mutual defense. The term "Latin League" is one coined by modern historians with no precise Latin equivalent.[2]
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Cities of the Latin league
Roman republic:
Now the Romans would eventually invade the territory of the Latin league, and create the Roman republic.
And the Romans were not Latins.
As we have already established on other threads, Latin is a language the Greeks got from Dorians.
Dorians, would of course, be part of the Latin league, which has it's capital and Alba Longa, 12 miles outside Rome.
Roman leadership of Latin league
During the reign of Tarquinius Superbus, the Latins were persuaded to acknowledge the leadership of Rome.
Latin league Etrusans, no:
And no, the Etruscans had nothing to do with the Latin league.
The Etruscans allied themselves with the Romans against the Latins, and the Latin league was an enemy of the Etruscans.
Latin league creation
It was originally created for protection against enemies from surrounding areas (the Etruscans) under the leadership of the city of Alba Longa.[1]
Roman republic:
The Greco-Romans were successful in overthrowing the Roman kingdom of the Latin league, and the created the Roman republic, which later evolved in to the Roman empire.
Roman republic
The Roman Republic (Latin: Rēs pūblica Rōmāna [ˈreːs ˈpuːblɪka roːˈmaːna]) was the era of classical Roman civilization, led by the Roman people, beginning with the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom, traditionally dated to 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the establishment of the Roman Empire. It was during this period that Rome's control expanded from the city's immediate surroundings to hegemony over the entire Mediterranean world.
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Early Roman expansion
Marseille:
However it was not only Rome the expelled Mycenaeans would turn up.
But also the South coast of France.
History of France
In 600 BC, Ionian Greeks from Phocaea founded the colony of Massalia (present-day Marseille) on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea,
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Massalia coins in Gaul
Gaul:
Now, Gaul was a Celtic colony.
It covered most of France and Northern Italy before the Greco-Roman invasion, and expanded to include other parts too, including Greece.
But this period, marked the beginning of a Celtic depopulation from mainland europe.
Gaul
Covering large parts of modern-day France, Belgium, northwest Germany and northern Italy, Gaul was inhabited by many Celtic and Belgae tribes whom the Romans referred to as Gauls and who spoke the Gaulish language roughly between the Oise) and the Garonne (Gallia Celtica), according to Julius Caesar.
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End of Celtic expansion
Summary:
Now as we have already established on other threads, the Gaulish language was Gaelic, and Irish people were Gaelic speakers.
Therefore, the Irish high kings likely had a lot of interests in Italy and France.
So if we suddenly had Irish high kings taking off in a fleet of boats around this period, to wage war and plunder, then it would be likely they were going to war with the Greco-Romans in Italy and France.
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2020.09.12 02:44 StevenStevens43 Joan of Arc I

Joan of Arc I
Brutus of Troy:
According to Celtic mythology, Brutus of Troy was the first king of Britain in 1112 BC.
Brutus of Troy
Brutus, or Brute of Troy, is a legendary descendant of the Trojan hero Aeneas, known in medieval British history as the eponymous founder and first king of Britain.
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Brutus
Aeneas Silvius:
Brutus is supposed to be the Brother of Aeneas Silvius..
Historia
.[1] A more detailed story, set before the foundation of Rome, follows, in which Brutus is the grandson or great grandson of Aeneas
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Aeneas Silvius
Alba longa:
And they are both considered to be descended from the first king of Alba longa.
Aeneas Silvias
Aeneas Silvius (said to have reigned 1110-1079 BC)[1] is the son of Silvius), in some versions grandson of Ascanius and great-grandson, grandson or son of Aeneas. He is the third in the list of the mythical kings of Alba Longa in Latium, and the Silvii regarded him as the founder of their house.[2]
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Alba longa
Latin league:
Now, Alba longa, is, in actual fact, quite factually an early aristocratic location, approximately 12 miles from modern day Rome, that was subjugated by the early Romans in the 7th Century, and as we have already established in a previous thread, named "Proto-Greek trojans", Latin was a language that the Romans picked up from the Dorian invasion, which was a Hittite invasion, from Indo-Aryans.
Alba longa
Alba Longa (occasionally written Albalonga in Italian sources) was an ancient Latin) city in Central Italy, 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Rome, in the Alban Hills. Founder and head of the Latin League, it was destroyed by the Roman Kingdom around the middle of the 7th century BC, and its inhabitants were forced to settle in Rome.
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Alba location
Scotland:
I would also just like to quickly point out, that Alba "has always" either, been the name for Scotland, or alternative Gaelic name for Scotland, and was even the name for the Island of Britain, before the Romans pushed the Alba border up to Hadrians wall.
Alba
Alba (English: /ˈælbə/) is the Scottish Gaelic name (pronounced [ˈal̪ˠapə]) for Scotland. It is cognate with the Irish term Alba (gen. Alban, dat. Albain) and the Manx term Nalbin, the two other Goidelic Insular Celtic languages, as well as contemporary words used in Cornish (Alban) and Welsh (Yr Alban), both of which are Brythonic Insular Celtic languages. (The third surviving Brythonic language, Breton, instead uses Bro-Skos, meaning 'country of the Scots'.) In the past these terms were names for Great Britain as a whole, related to the Brythonic name Albion.
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Alba
Corineus:
Now Brutus was not the only "Trojan" that had been supposedly enslaved in Greece, to have ended up escaping enslavement, and becoming a king of Britain.
Corineus partnered Brutus, and became king of Cornwall.
Corineus
Corineus, in medieval British legend, was a prodigious warrior, a fighter of giants, and the eponymous founder of Cornwall.
According to Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain (1136), he led the descendants of the Trojans who fled with Antenor) after the Trojan War and settled on the coasts of the Tyrrhenian Sea. After Brutus, a descendant of the Trojan prince Aeneas, had been exiled from Italy and liberated the enslaved Trojans in Greece, he encountered Corineus and his people
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Corineus. likely location stonehenge
Trojan war:
Now, whilst all we have for the Trojan war, is incoherent, likely usurped myths and legends, this does not take away that fact, that at this period in time, there truly was a war being fought between the Indo-European Hittite empire, and Greece.
As we established in the previous "Proto-Greek trojan thread, the Kaskas were a Greek army that attacked the Hittites, causing the Hittites to add Greece to their list of enemies.
Early history
The Kaska, probably originating from the eastern shore of the Propontis,[4] may have displaced the speakers of the Palaic language from their home in Pala).[citation needed]
The Kaska first appear in the Hittite prayer inscriptions that date from the reign of Hantili II, c. 1450 BC, and make references to their movement into the ruins of the holy city of Nerik.[5] During the reign of Hantili's son, Tudhaliya II (c. 1430 BC), "Tudhaliya's 3rd campaign was against the Kaskas."[6] His successor Arnuwanda I composed a prayer for the gods to return Nerik to the empire; he also mentioned Kammama and Zalpuwa as cities which he claimed had been Hittite but which were now under the Kaskas. Arnuwanda attempted to mollify some of the Kaska tribes by means of tribute.
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Trojan horse
Ramesses III:
Now, as we have already established in many previous threads, the real enemies of the Hittites, were the Egyptians, fighting over the land of Mesopotamia.
And Ramesses III won a battle against Sea peoples, and those that he did not kill, he enslaved and enlisted in to the Egyptian army, and then rehomed in Dan, in Canaan.
Tenure of constant war
Ramesses III incorporated the Sea Peoples as subject peoples and settled them in southern Canaan. Their presence in Canaan may have contributed to the formation of new states in this region such as Philistia after the collapse of the Egyptian Empire in Asia. Ramesses III was also compelled to fight invading Libyan tribesmen in two major campaigns in Egypt's Western Delta in his Year 5 and Year 11 respectively.[6]
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Ramesses III
Northerners from all lands:
And of course, as we have already established in previous threads, Merneptah described the Sea peoples as being "Northerners from all lands".
Campaigns
[Beginning of the victory that his majesty achieved in the land of Libya] -I, Ekwesh, Teresh, Lukka, Sherden, Shekelesh, Northerners coming from all lands.
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Merneptah
Romulus and Remus:
Ok, so, now that i have implied that it would not be in the least bit unbelievable, that Hittites from Northern regions, did indeed escape enslavement whilst making war in the Medes, during this precise period, i will now go to one of Romes greatest legends.
Apparently the founders of Rome, were Romulus and Remus, from the first king of Alba.
Alba longa
In legend, Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome, had come from the royal dynasty of Alba Longa, which in Virgil's Aeneid had been the bloodline of Aeneas, a son of Venus).[1]
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She wolf and Twins
Cunedagius & Marganus
Now, if there is any truth in the Romulus & Remus legend, it would almost definitely mean that Rome was founded by Brits, from Albion.
This is due to the fact, that the Romulus and Remus legend, is almost definitely taken from the Celtic legend, of Cordelia.
Cordelia of Britain
Queen Cordelia (or Cordeilla) was a legendary Queen of the Britons), as recounted by Geoffrey of Monmouth. She was the youngest daughter of Leir and the second ruling queen of pre-Roman Britain.
Cordelia of Britain:
You see, Cordelia of Britain, is said to have been the first born princess of Queen Goneril and King Regan, right around the time of the Romulus and Remus narrative.
Now, Cordelias parents decided to split up her kingdom between her younger brothers and sisters, and she was so displeased with this, that she ended up being deported from Britain, and went to live in Gaul, with king of the Franks.
However, a few years later, she came back to Britain with the King of the Franks and his army, and conquered Britain.
King Aganippus temporarly became king of Britain, before dying, and Cordelia became queen of Britain.
A proper she-wolf?
Legend
Leir became exiled from Britain and fled to Cordelia in Gaul, seeking a restoration of his throne which had been seized by the husbands of his other daughters. She raised an army and invaded Britain, defeating the ruling dukes and restoring Leir. After Leir's death three years later, Cordelia's husband Aganippus died, and she returned to Britain and was crowned queen.[1]
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Cordelia
Death of Cordelia:
Cordelia ruled peacefully for five years.
But her sisters sons despised her, and they killed her, and crowned themselves.
However Cuniedagius ended up killing Marganus.
Legend
Cordelia ruled peacefully for five years until her sisters' sons, Cunedagius and Marganus, came of age. As the dukes of Cornwall and Albany, respectively, they despised the rule of a woman when they claimed proper descent to rule. They raised armies and fought against Cordelia, who fought in person at numerous battles. She was captured and imprisoned by her nephews. In her grief, she committed suicide. Cunedagius succeeded her in the kingship of Britain in the lands southwest of the Humber. Marganus ruled the region northeast of the Humber. Civil war broke out between them soon after,[1] with Marganus' being defeated and killed.
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Cordelias execution
Rivallo:
Perhaps Cunedagius killed Marganus over rulership of Rome?
After-all, Cunedagius son, and next king of Britain, was named "Rivallo".
Sounds Italian.
Cunedagius
Cunedagius killed him and became king of all of Britain. He ruled all of Britain for 33 years and was succeeded by his son Rivallo.[2]
Geoffrey synchronizes Cunedagius' reign with the ministry of the Jewish prophet Isaiah and the founding of Rome by Romulus and Remus.[2] Both events are dated to the 8th century BC.
Rome:
And it is not true that Rome was only founded "after" the Romulus and Remus legend.
Archaeological evidence supports Rome being an established City, dating back to the 8th Century BC.
Earliest history
These developments, which according to archaeological evidence took place during the mid-eighth century BC, can be considered as the "birth" of the city.[21]
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Italy
14,000 years:
And archaeological evidence also suggests, that the city of Rome was slowly built by developing villages, dating as far back as the Younger dryas
Earliest history
While there have been discoveries of archaeological evidence of human occupation of the Rome area from approximately 14,000 years ago, the dense layer of much younger debris obscures Palaeolithic and Neolithic sites.[7]
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Pyramid of Gaius
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2020.09.11 19:44 StevenStevens43 Proto-Greek Trojans

Proto-Greek Trojans
Greek language:
The Greek language evolved around 1,500 years ago from a branch of Indo-European, which means that around 3,500 years ago, there was likely somekind of Indo-European invasion, in to Greek lands.
This language that arrived from Proto-Greek Indo-European, also includes "Latin".
Greek language
Greek (Greek: Ελληνικά, romanized: Elliniká) is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus, Albania, other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning at least 3,500 years of written records.[3] Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously.[4] The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.
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Proto-Greek expansion
Dorian invasion:
This invasion, is actually named "the Dorian invasion".
Dorian invasion
The Dorian invasion is a concept devised by historians of Ancient Greece to explain the replacement of pre-classical dialects and traditions in southern Greece by the ones that prevailed in Classical Greece. The latter were named Dorian by the ancient Greek writers, after the Dorians, the historical population that spoke them.
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Dorian invasion
Hittite empire:
Now, the reason that there was a war between Indo-Europeans, and Greeks, all stems from the fact that the Hittite empire had to come down from Northern lands, and up from Indus Valley in numbers and strength and make Anatolia the base for their empire, due to the fact they were fighting a native Egyptian expansion in to Mesopotamia and beyond, led by Thutmose III.
Hittites
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) (Ancient Greek: Χετταίοι, Latin Hetthaei) were an Anatolian people who played an important role in establishing an empire centered on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Šuppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Anatolia as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.
Between the 15th and 13th centuries BC, the Empire of Hattusa, conventionally called the Hittite Empire, came into conflict with the New Kingdom of Egypt, the Middle Assyrian Empire and the empire of the Mitanni for control of the Near East.
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Hittite Empire
Thutmose III:
Now, Thutmose III, who was the ancestor of Ahmose I, who was the native Egyptian pharoah who expelled the Hyksos from Egypt in 1549 BC, continued the expulsion in to Mesopotamian lands, until he was actually subjucating Indo-Aryan kings of Mitanni.
Military campaigns
Widely considered a military genius by historians, Thutmose III conducted at least 16 campaigns in 20 years.[14] He was an active expansionist ruler, sometimes called Egypt's greatest conqueror or "the Napoleon of Egypt."[15] He is recorded to have captured 350 cities during his rule and conquered much of the Near East from the Euphrates to Nubia during seventeen known military campaigns. He was the first pharaoh after Thutmose I to cross the Euphrates, doing so during his campaign against Mitanni.
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Thutmose III
Amenhotep III:
Now, a superstud grandson of Thutmose III, actually ordered all the kings of Mesopotamia to send their daughters to him, for marraige, and this included two Indo-Aryan princesses.
I assume the reason there was two sent from Mitanni, was due to the fact one would have been Indo, and the other, Aryan.
So all the kings of Mesopotamia, and surrounding regions, sent their princess daughters to marry him.
Family
Amenhotep III is known to have married several foreign women:
Gilukhepa, the daughter of Shuttarna II of Mitanni, in the tenth year of his reign.[12]
Tadukhepa, the daughter of his ally Tushratta of Mitanni, Around Year 36 of his reign.[13][14]
A daughter of Kurigalzu, king of Babylon.[14]
A daughter of Kadashman-Enlil, king of Babylon.[14]
A daughter of Tarhundaradu, ruler of Arzawa.[14]
A daughter of the ruler of Ammia (in modern Syria).[14]
Link for photo
Amenhotep III
Amarna letter EA4:
Now, according to the Amarna letter, one of the subjugated kings of Mesopotamia, later on wrote to their son in law, Amenhotep III, and requested that he return the favour, and return one of his Egyptian princesses to marry one of their handsom princes, and Amenhotep wrote back, virtually saying (in not so many words), sorry, only the male line-age has access to the throne of other countries, and Egypt is not in the business of pimping out it's daughters.
Now, if the Indo-european kings of Mitanni were at the centre of an Indo-European empire, that stretched across the Eurasian continent, then they would take this as Amenhotep virtually announcing himself the king of Afro-eurasia.
His claim would be, the most male chauvinist claim ever made in the history of this world.
With that claim being, his accessing and invading a foreign princess, equals accessing and invading that princesses country!
Life
In one famous correspondence—Amarna letter EA 4—Amenhotep III is quoted by the Babylonian king Kadashman-Enlil I in firmly rejecting the latter's entreaty to marry one of this pharaoh's daughters:
From time immemorial, no daughter of the king of Egy[pt] is given to anyone.[18]
Amenhotep III's refusal to allow one of his daughters to be married to the Babylonian monarch may indeed be connected with Egyptian traditional royal practices that could provide a claim upon the throne through marriage to a royal princess
Link for photo
One of Superstuds many foreign princesses
Kings of Mitanni:
Now, the kings of Mitanni were actually Indo-Aryan.
Not Indo-European.
You see, Indo-European is a modern political correct term, originating after the battle of the ten kings in 1400 BC, when Indo-Aryan mixed with Dravidian, to create the Indo-European language.
But, before 1400 BC, the proto-Indo european language, was in fact Indo-Aryan.
Therefore, this also means, that the Dorian invasion, was in fact, an Indo-Aryan conquest, and not an Indo-European conquest, as Greece is also a part of europe, populated by Romano looking peoples, and at that point in time, during the Dorian invasion, Greeks did not speak a European language.
Thus, the languag did not become european, until Aryans invaded Greece.
Also, as the Mitanni were mostly populated by Semitic speaking Arabs, and the Aryan-Indo princesses of Mitanni were now Egyptians, the kingdom of Mitanni ended up allying itself with Egypt, becoming an enemy of the Hittite empire
Mitanni
While the Mitanni kings were supposedly Indo-Aryan, they used the language of the local people, which was at that time a non-Indo-European language, Hurrian. Their sphere of influence is shown in Hurrian place names, personal names and the spread through Syria and the Levant of a distinct pottery type.
Link for photo
Mitanni
Kaska invasion:
Now, how did the war between Greece and the Hittites begin?
Well, in actual fact, the Greeks for a good part of history, actually allied themselves with the native Egyptian empire.
This would be to do with the fact that they felt Aryans were invading their land. Probably dating as far back as the younger dryas, and that European mainland belonged to Greeks, and thus they likely felt it would be a good political move to help the native Egyptians defeat the Hittite empire, and send them back to Scandinavia, and retake european mainland, so, in around 1450 BC, the Kaska invaded Anatolia, which had been invaded by the Indo-Aryans, and the Greeks likely felt Anatolia belonged to them.
Kaskians
The Kaska, probably originating from the eastern shore of the Propontis,[4] may have displaced the speakers of the Palaic language from their home in Pala).[citation needed]
The Kaska first appear in the Hittite prayer inscriptions that date from the reign of Hantili II, c. 1450 BC, and make references to their movement into the ruins of the holy city of Nerik.[5] During the reign of Hantili's son, Tudhaliya II (c. 1430 BC), "Tudhaliya's 3rd campaign was against the Kaskas."[6] His successor Arnuwanda I composed a prayer for the gods to return Nerik to the empire; he also mentioned Kammama and Zalpuwa as cities which he claimed had been Hittite but which were now under the Kaskas. Arnuwanda attempted to mollify some of the Kaska tribes by means of tribute.
Co-regency:
However, a joint rulership of Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma resulted in a counter invasion of Greece, from the Hittites, and the Hittites defeated the Kaska.
Kaska
Tudhaliya III and Suppiluliuma (c. 1375–1350 BC) set up their court in Samuha and invaded Azzi-Hayasa from there. The Kaska intervened, but Suppiluliuma defeated them; after Suppiluliuma had fully pacified the region, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma were able to move on Hayasa and defeat it too, despite some devastating guerrilla tactics at their rear. Some twelve tribes of Kaska then united under Piyapili, but Piyapili was no match for Suppiluliuma. Eventually, Tudhaliya and Suppiluliuma returned Hattusa to the Hittites. But the Kaska continued to be a menace both inside and out and a constant military threat. They are said to have fielded as many as 9,000 warriors and 800 chariots.[10]
Suppiluliumu:
Of course, Suppliluliuma, is very likely the same person as the Hindu god of war, Subrahumanya.
Kartikeya
Kartikeya (Sanskrit: कार्त्तिकेय, IAST: Kārttikeya), also known as Skanda, Kumara,[4], Murugan and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war.[5][
Link for photo
Superman
Tudhaliya III:
Tudhaliya III, is likely Eochaid Ollathair in Irish mythology.
Or, Ruad Rofhessa, depending upon which Irish clan one is from.
The reason that Tudhaliya III was likely the same person as Eochaid Ollathair, is because Eochaid Ollathair reigned as the High king of Ireland during the same period Tudhaliya III reigned as emperor of the Aryan branch of the Hittites.
The Dagda
The Dagda's name is thought to mean "the good god" or "the great god". His other names include Eochu or Eochaid Ollathair ("horseman, great father" or "all-father"), Ruad Rofhessa ("mighty one/lord of great knowledge")
King Thorri:
It is also likely, that Eochaid Ollathair was known as "King Thorri" in Scandinavia, and as Tudhaliya III, in Anatolia.
It is also likely, that they all got remembered by everyone, in pseudo legends, as Thor.
King of Kvenland
Hversu Noregr byggðist has very similar usage for the title. This time, the great-grandson of Fornjót (who is said to be "a man"), Snær, and his son Thorri are told to be kings. Kvenland now appears in relation to Thorri, of whom it is said that "he ruled over Gothland, Kvenland (Kænlandi), and Finland". Fornjót's great-grandson Snær is also mentioned in Ynglingasaga, in relation to Finland.[4]
Link for photo
Thor
Trojan war:
Now, just in case you do not grasp yet, the significance of this war, the Kaska invasion was the roots for what would become the Trojan wars.
Involvement in Asia minor
The Hittite-Ahhiyawan confrontation in Wilusa, the Hittite name for Troy, may provide the historical foundation for the Trojan War tradition.[59] As a result of this instability, the Hittite king initiated correspondence in order to convince his Ahhiyawan counterpart to restore peace in the region. The Hittite record mentions a certain Tawagalawa, a possible Hittite translation for Greek Eteocles, as brother of the king of Ahhiyawa.[58]
Link for photo
Greece before collapse
Collapse:
After hundreds of years of fighting, the Greeks would go from equals, to almost being totally expelled to the Mediterranean Islands.
Final collapse
As a result of this turmoil, specific regions in mainland Greece witnessed a dramatic population decrease, especially Boeotia, Argolis and Messenia.[64] Mycenaean refugees migrated to Cyprus and the Levantine coast.[69] Nevertheless, other regions on the edge of the Mycenaean world prospered, such as the Ionian islands, the northwestern Peloponnese, parts of Attica and a number of Aegean islands.[64]
Link for photo
Final collapse
Psamtik I:
Now, by the reign of Psamtik I, in 660 BC, Egyptian and Greek allied relations were well and truly sealed.
Military campaigns
Psamtik won Egypt's independence from the Assyrian Empire and restored Egypt's prosperity during his 54-year reign. The pharaoh proceeded to establish close relations with archaic Greece and also encouraged many Greek settlers to establish colonies in Egypt and serve in the Egyptian army. In particular, he settled some Greeks at Tahpanhes (Daphnae).[5]
Link for photo
Psamtik I
Investigation into the origin of language:
Now, according to Greek sources, Psamtik I conducted an investigation in to the origins of language, and his conclusion was, that Phrygian pre-dated Greek.
Invetigation into the origins of language
he Greek historian Herodotus conveyed an anecdote about Psamtik in the second volume of his Histories) (2.2). During his visit to Egypt, Herodotus heard that Psammetichus ("Psamṯik") sought to discover the origin of language by conducting an experiment with two children. Allegedly he gave two newborn babies to a shepherd, with the instructions that no one should speak to them, but that the shepherd should feed and care for them while listening to determine their first words. The hypothesis was that the first word would be uttered in the root language of all people. When one of the children cried "βεκός" (bekós) with outstretched arms, the shepherd reported this to Psammetichus, who concluded that the word was Phrygian because that was the sound of the Phrygian word for "bread". Thus, they concluded that the Phrygians were an older people than the Egyptians, and that Phrygian was the original language of men.
Link for photo
Psamtik writing
Phrygians:
Now whilst the story of the experiment is likely an euhemerism.
It is still indicative that Psamtik I believed Greek language derived from Phrygian.
And the Phrygian are indeed thought to be Indo-European, by scholars and historians.
Of course, the language may have been Indo-european by the time it became the official language spoken by Greeks.
But, at the time of the first of the Dorian invasion, the language would almost definitely have still been more Indo-Aryan.
Phrygians
The Phrygians (Greek: Φρύγες, Phruges or Phryges) were an ancient Indo-European people, initially dwelling in the southern Balkans – according to Herodotus – under the name of Bryges (Briges), changing it to Phryges after their final migration to Anatolia, via the Hellespont. However, the Balkan origins of the Phrygians are debated by modern scholars.[1]
Link for photo
Phrygians
Summary:
Therefore, it is quite apparent that Northerners, united with Indus valley, were likely Indo-Aryans that counter invaded Greece, and left Greeks with the Latin language, that would later be adopted by Romans.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.11 15:22 Heru_Ur The Gordian Knot

The Gordian Knot
The Gordian Knot that Alexander couldn't untie. He probably heard from his mother that he had as much a legitimate claim to the throne of Egypt as any of the Egyptians of his time had – which may well have been true. By that late date in history, they were all interlopers in one way or another. But he couldn't unravel his genealogy going back through enough generations to stake his claim, so he conquered it with his sword.
They ruled by divine rights as descendants of the Gods.

wiki "The concept of divine right incorporates, but exaggerates, the ancient Christian concept of "royal God-given rights", which teach that "the right to rule is anointed by God", although this idea is found in many other cultures, including Aryan and Egyptian traditions. In pagan religions, the king was often seen as a kind of god and so was an unchallengeable despot."
https://preview.redd.it/efkuu5n4sim51.jpg?width=383&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=78c8e7d2b06ca04f2dda0d969b3ade1b8d83f241
submitted by Heru_Ur to mythology [link] [comments]


2020.09.10 02:32 StevenStevens43 House of Woden

House of Woden
Tuatha de Dannan:
Before reading this article, one should first click on the link below, and read a previous article i wrote regards to the Tuatha de Dannan, and how the Tuatha de Dannan were likely the same tribe as the tribe of Dan, descended from Dan I.
Temple of Thoth
Bres 1477 BC:
Now, in this article, i am going to look in to who the ancestors or descendants of Dan I might have been.
I will begin with an Irish high king named Bres, from 1477 BC.
Bres, who is supposed to be the Son of a king named Balor, is regarded in Irish legends, to be amongst the first of the Tuatha de Dannan to arrive in Ireland.
Family
In Cath Maige Tuired Bres' parents were Prince Elatha of the Fomorians and Eri of the Tuatha Dé Danann. Alternately in The Fate of the Children of Turenn, Bres' father is Balor of the Evil Eye.[2]
Prince Elatha:
According to Irish mythology, Bres was the son of Prince Elatha, who was in turn, the son of the dagda.
However the Dagda appears to be too much of a euhemerical figure.
More like a holy father, type of wizard, than a paternal father.
Therefore, i am going to assume that his father did not have a penis so huge he dragged it along the ground, and that in actual fact, Bres paternal father was Balor, and not in fact Prince Elatha.
Balor
In Cath Maige Tuired Bres' parents were Prince Elatha of the Fomorians and Eri of the Tuatha Dé Danann. Alternately in The Fate of the Children of Turenn, Bres' father is Balor of the Evil Eye.[2]
Balor:
Now if Bres was born in 1477 BC, then his father Balor would have been born in at least the 1490's BC.
Now Balor, was in turn the son of Dot, who was in turn the son of Neit.
Therefore Neit would likely be from sometime around 1530 BC - 1540 BC.
Balor was the son of Dot son of Néit according to the Cath Maige Tuired (CMT),[4]
Neit:
Now, according to Irish mythology, Neit was a male god of war.
Neit
In Irish mythology Neit (Néit, Nét, Neith) was a god of war. He was the husband of Nemain and/or Fea, and sometimes of Badb.[1] Also grandfather of Balor, he was killed at the legendary Second Battle of Moytura.
Celtic name:
Now, according to contemporary scholars and historians, that believe Neit to be a mythological Celtic character, Neit is a Celtic name.
Etymology
The name probably derives from the proto-Celtic *nei-t-[2]
Neith hotep:
Now, i am not saying that the Egyptian pharoah named Neith hotep from approximately 3150 BC is the same Neit being described in Irish mythology.
The dates of 1530 BC and 1540 BC simply do not match up with Neith hoteps reign of approximately 3150 BC.
But contemporary scholars and historians do now still require to do a lot of back tracking, in convincing everyone that Neith, is not a Celtic derived name.
Also, even if Neith is the same person that Irish mythology is referring too, then Irish mythology made the same error that contemporary historians and scholars made, by assuming Neith was a man.
Neith actually turned out to be the first female pharoah, ever.
Neith-hotep
Neithhotep or Neith-hotep was an ancient Egyptian queen consort living and ruling during the early First Dynasty. She was once thought to be a male ruler: her outstandingly large mastaba and the royal serekh surrounding her name on several seal impressions previously led Egyptologists and historians to the erroneous belief that she may have been an unknown king.[2]
As the understanding of early Egyptian writings developed, scholars learned that Neithhotep was in fact a woman of extraordinary rank. She was subsequently considered to be the wife of unified Egypt's first pharaoh, Narmer, and the mother of Hor-Aha.[2] More recent discoveries suggest that Neithhotep might have instead been a spouse of Hor-Aha, and the mother and co-regent of successive ruler Djer. Archeological evidence also indicates that she may have ruled as pharaoh in her own right, and as such would have been the earliest known female monarch in history.[3]
Link for photo
Neithhotep writing
Other Neiths:
However the name "Neith" is a name which became deified, and other female princesses from the "Neithhotep lineage", assumed the name "Neith".
Therefore, it does not matter if Irish mythology is, or is not, referring to Neith-hotep.
Irish mythology is referring to Neith-hotep as the Tuatha de Dannans oldest known ancestor, of whichever Neith they are referring too, whether they like it or not.
Name
Neithhotep's name is connected to Neith, the goddess of war and hunting. This followed a tradition notably practiced during the first dynasty: many queens (such as Merneith/Meritneith, another possible female pharaoh and descendant of Neithhotep) and princesses (such as Aha-Neith, Her-Neith, Nakht-Neith and Qa'-Neith) also had names referencing the deity.[4]
Link for photo
Deity Neith
Narmer:
Now, Narmer has a major roll to play in this.
After-all, he was the husband of Neith Hotep, and was also a pharoah, and is credited with being the unifier of Upper Egypt, and lower Egypt.
Narmer
Narmer (Ancient Egyptian: nꜥr-mr, meaning "painful, "stinging," "harsh," or "fierce catfish;"[1][2][3] r. c. 3273 – 2987 BC) was an ancient Egyptian pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period).[4] He was the successor to the Protodynastic king Ka). Some consider him the unifier of Egypt and founder of the First Dynasty, and in turn the first king of a unified Egypt.
Link for photo
Narmer

Libyan border:
Now contemporary historians appear to have missed something here.
They attribute the unification of Upper and lower Egypt to narmer, without taking in to consideration that this battle took place at the Egyptian/Libyan border, and depicted Narmer smiting a non Egyptian looking pharoah.
Therefore, this would suggest, that in actual fact, this was an invasion coming from foreigners that crossed in to North Africa over the straits of Gibraltar, and were actually invading and conquering lower Egypt, from Berbers from Libya, that had already invaded and conquered lower Egypt from native upper egyptians, and by the fact those foreigners were at the Libyan/Egypt border, would suggest that they had already conquered Libya, and so this "could" be classed as a unification of Libya and Egypt.
Wash)
He is known from the verso of the Narmer Palette found in Hierakonpolis, where he is depicted as a kneeling captive, "un-Egyptian in appearance",[2]#citenote-2) about to be smitten by Narmer.[[3]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wash(pharaoh)#citenote-heagy2014-3) The hieroglyphs carved near the captive – a harpoon) and a lake) – have been considered by scholars to be either a location name for the Harpoon nome (located in the Northwestern Nile Delta next to the Libyan borders) or the personal name of the captive, phonetically read as Washi or Wash.[[4]](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wash(pharaoh)#cite_note-4)
Link for photo#/media/File:EB1911Egypt-Early_Art-_King_Narmer,_Slate_Palette.jpg)
Narmer smiting Wash
Berber:
Now this would explain why Neith has a Celtic name.
Scientists and anthropologists actually believe that during the younger dryas, Aryans moved south to escape the polar ice caps, and moved as far as Morocco, were they inter-bred with Afros, and actually created a new Afro-Aryan race, called Berbers, that went on to colonise North Africa, long after Aryans left Morocco to return North, though there may have been one group of Berbers named Saami, that decided to follow the Aryans back North.
This also means, that Berbers have also taken on some Celtic cultural connections, such as their trade relations with Celts during the Beaker culture.
This would also suggest, that Neith-hotep, was likely a Berber, and that is how Aryans managed to get to the border of Egypt, by marrying one of their cousins.
It would also explain how Neith-hotep has a Celtic name.
Pre-history and antiquity
Skeletal similarities have been suggested between the Iberomaurusian "Mechta-Afalou" burials and European Cro-Magnon remains. The Iberomaurusian was succeeded by the Beaker culture in Morocco.
Mitochondrial DNA studies have discovered a close link between Berbers and the Saami of Scandinavia. This supports theories that the Franco-Cantabrian refuge area of southwestern Europe was the source of late-glacial expansions of hunter-gatherers who repopulated northern Europe after the last ice age.[26]
Hor-Aha:
Now, it would not make sense that Narmer was the unifier of Upper and Lower egypt.
This is due to the fact that the son of Narmer and Neith-Hotep waged war upon Nubia and invaded upper egypt.
Also, it would not make sense that Neith-Hotep was a Nubian, as she was in co-regency with Hor-Aha, as Hor-Aha was too young when he took the throne, to make decisions, and it is unlikely that a Nubian, would partake in a campaign named "Smiting Nubians" if she was the Nubian queen of a unified upper and lower Egypt.
Activities outside egypt
Inscription on an ivory tablet from Abydos suggests that Hor-Aha led an expedition against the Nubians. On a year tablet, a year is explicitly called 'Year of smiting of Ta-Sety' (i.e. Nubia).[13]
Link for photo
Falcon
Den:
In fact, the actual unifier of Upper and Lower egypt, was one of Neith-Hotep and Narmers grandchildren, Den.
Dens Mother, was also named "Neith".
Den#Beginning)
Den, also known as Hor-Den, Dewen and Udimu, is the Horus name of a pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period) who ruled during the First Dynasty of Egypt. He is the best archaeologically-attested ruler of this period. Den is said to have brought prosperity to his realm and numerous innovations are attributed to his reign. He was the first to use the title "King of Lower and Upper Egypt", and the first depicted as wearing the double crown (red and white).
Merneith:
Merneith#Identity)
Den's family has been the subject of significant research. His mother was queen Merneith;
Link for photo#/media/File:Tomb_of_Den_1.jpg)
Dens tomb
Mereruka:
Now, there is plenty evidence of white people in high positions of power in the Ancient egyptian empire.
I will give "one" example on this thread.
Mereruka
Mereruka served during the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt as one of Egypt's most powerful officials at a time when the influence of local state noblemen was increasing in wealth and power. Mereruka held numerous titles along with that of Vizier), which made him the most powerful person in Egypt after the king himself.[1]
Link for photo
Mereruka
Back to Balor:
Now, do you remember how this article began? It began pretty much with Balor.
An interesting fact about Balor, is apart from the fact he was described as a giant, he also only had one eye.
Death in battle
Though not stated outright, the supposition is that Balor here is a "one-eyed giant".[15]
Odin:
Now, interestingly, the Celtic god Odin, also only had one eye.
Odin
Odin (/ˈoʊdɪn/;[1] from Old Norse: Óðinn, IPA: [ˈoːðinː]) is a widely revered god in Germanic mythology. Norse mythology, the source of most surviving information about him, associates Odin with wisdom, healing, death, royalty, the gallows, knowledge, war, battle, victory, sorcery, poetry, frenzy, and the runic alphabet, and project him as the husband of the goddess Frigg. In wider Germanic mythology and paganism, the god was known in Old English and Old Saxon as Wōden, in Old Dutch as Wuodan,[2] and in Old High German as Wuotan.
Link for photo.jpg)
Odin
170 names:
Now, just as interestingly, Odin has 170 names.
I am sure he has just as many abbreviations.
Etymology
More than 170 names are recorded for Odin; the names are variously descriptive of attributes of the god, refer to myths involving him, or refer to religious practices associated with him. This multitude makes Odin the god with the most known names among the Germanic peoples.[8]
Baleygr:
Even more interestingly, one of his many names, just so happens to be Baleyg, which means shifty eye.
Names for Odin
Khamudi:
Now, the date of approximately 1495 BC given for the estimated birth of Odin, would be quite consistant with an event of biblical proportions that happened in Egypt, when a native Egyptian pharoah named Ahmose I, from the lower cataracts of Egypt, rose up in an uprising named the conquest of the Hyksos, and removed the current foreign rulers from power in Egypt, and expelling them.
Now, it is far from confirmed, but it is entirely possible, if not probable, that Khamudi might have had a wife that assumed the title "Neith".
Khamudi
Khamudi (also known as Khamudy) was the last Hyksos ruler of the Fifteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Khamudi came to power in 1534 BC[2] or 1541 BC,[3] ruling the northern portion of Egypt from his capital Avaris.[3] His ultimate defeat at the hands of Ahmose I, after a short reign, marks the end of the Second Intermediate Period.[4]
Dan I:
It is also extremely likely, that Dan I was born in the 1490's BC, and was in fact Odin, from the fictional house of Woden, though likely the factual house of Dewen, which is the tomb, Den, grandson of Neith, is buried in.
Dan I
Dan I was the progenitor of the Danish royal house according to Saxo Grammaticus's Gesta Danorum. He supposedly held the lordship of Denmark along with his brother Angul), the father of the Angles in Angeln, which later formed the Anglo-Saxons in England.
Link for photo
Dan I
Hittite empire:
Now it just gets ever more interesting.
In response to the invasion by Ahmose I, in to Mesopotamia, and heading North, the Hittite empire immediately responded by invading Mesopotamia in order to confront the native Egyptian army.
Hittites
Between the 15th and 13th centuries BC, the Empire of Hattusa, conventionally called the Hittite Empire, came into conflict with the New Kingdom of Egypt, the Middle Assyrian Empire and the empire of the Mitanni for control of the Near East.
Link for photo
Hittite empire
Indo-Aryan:
Now you are also likely aware that the Hittite empire was Indo-Aryan.
You might also be aware that the trigger for the war, was when Thutmose III invaded Mitanni territory, and the Mitanni kings were Indo-Aryan.
You are probably also aware, that at this point in time, there was no such things as"Indo-European", and Indo-european is a modern day politically correct term.
But in fact, the Hittite empire was also Indo-Aryan, and they came down hard to lend support to the Mitanni kings.
Mitanni
While the Mitanni kings were supposedly Indo-Aryan, they used the language of the local people, which was at that time a non-Indo-European language, Hurrian. Their sphere of influence is shown in Hurrian place names, personal names and the spread through Syria and the Levant of a distinct pottery type.
Link for photo
Mitanni
Summary:
It is likely, that the tribes of Dan, (Tuatha de Dannan) were Northern armies sent to fight the Egyptians and reclaim the territory that Ahmose I had reclaimed.
submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.09 07:01 InternetFreedomIn We wrote to the DoT about Odisha's internet connectivity issues #4GforAll

We wrote to the DoT about Odisha's internet connectivity issues #4GforAll

https://preview.redd.it/gwnv41ch02m51.png?width=1024&format=png&auto=webp&s=26b0476ee1bd88da963472cff49d99a81cead433

tl;dr

We wrote to the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) to highlight how lack of access to reliable and fast 4G internet is affecting the people of Odisha. We specifically highlighted how this is affecting students in the state who now have to take extreme measures to access online classes during the pandemic. We asked them to ensure that the BharatNet Project, which aims to provide fast internet connectivity to the whole country, is operationalised according to pre-existing timelines so that these issues can be resolved.

Let’s talk about Odisha

The State of Odisha has long been failing to keep up with the national average when it comes to internet connectivity. According to a report by Diana Sahu, “tele-density in rural Odisha is 42.7 pc whereas in urban areas it was 171 pc.” She also referred to the Indian Telecom Services Performance Indicators reports by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, which state that, as on September 30, 2019, Odisha’s rural wireless tele-density stood at 59.5 pc against 145.3 pc in urban areas.
Out of Odisha’s total 32.8 million wireless internet subscribers, 21 million are in rural areas. As far as the internet through wireline or cable is concerned, of the total 0.23 million subscribers in Odisha, only 0.05 million are from rural areas. Rural Odisha’s wireline density is just 0.13 pc. Sahu concludes that “the share of internet subscribers per 100 individuals is just 29.5 pc in rural areas which is substantially below the national average.”

What is the situation now?

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced people to be dependent on the internet for access to basic necessities like government services and schemes, online education etc. In the present situation, lack of internet connectivity can cause extreme harms to any such affected area. We have been working consistently on the issues surrounding lack of internet connectivity in -
  1. Andaman & Nicobar Islands which suffers from a lack of digital infrastructure; and
  2. Jammu & Kashmir which has been tolerating internet shutdowns for more than a year now.
In both these areas, we have focused our advocacy efforts on how a lack of internet connectivity affects the daily lives and livelihoods of ordinary citizens. In Odisha as well, we have been following how the lack of digital infrastructure is affecting its citizens.
The COVID-19 pandemic has aggravated structural disparities between rural and urban areas. It has had a critical impact on the education of children, especially the disadvantaged ones. Subhashish Mohanty reports that students in the Sambalpur district of Odisha climb a water tank 150 feet high to access the internet to participate in their online classes. Another report quoted the Odisha School and Mass Education Minister Samir Ranjan Dash who said that “due to poor internet connectivity in the state many students have to walk miles, climb hills and trees to attend online classes during the COVID-19 pandemic.”

The BharatNet Project

The BharatNet project, which initially began as the National Optical Fibre Network on October 25, 2011, had a targeted completion date of October 2013. The Cabinet has approved the implementation of National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) for providing broadband connectivity to 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats with a financial outlay of Rs. 20,100 crore. This project is being executed by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) under the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF), Department of Telecommunications(DoT). The USOF aims to provide Universal Service to all areas of the country through network extension & stimulate uptake of the information and communications technology services. Section 3(1A) of Telegraph Act, 1885 defines Universal Service Obligation as :
“Universal Service Obligation" means the obligation to provide access to telegraph services to people in the rural and remote areas at affordable and reasonable prices;
However, while the project has lofty aims, it has not been able to live up to them. The project has been delayed consistently. The Committee to review the National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) in the context of Digital India was constituted on January 14, 2015. In their report titled “Report of the Committee on National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN)” dated March 31, 2015, they stated that the project could be commissioned by 2017 however those deadlines were also not met. The current deadline for the project is August 2021.
According to a report by Aashish Aryan, “Overall, under all the phases of BharatNet, a total of 1.41 GP had been connected and made service ready as against a target of 2.5 lakh. Compounding the problem further, an estimated 19,952 km of lossy optical fibre out of the 27,534 km laid by Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL) under phase one is now being pulled out and replaced by new optical fibre, the official said, adding the work on that project was also “crawling at a very slow pace”. As of January, progress in states like Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, and Odisha under BharatNet phase two was the worst. The number of service-ready GPs in these states had not even touched 1 per cent of the total 28,623 villages planned to be connected by March 2019. The four states had so far spent about Rs 950 crore, nearly 17 percent of approved project cost.”

Access to Internet is essential

In Anuradha Bhasin v. Union of India [2020 SCC OnLine SC 25], it was held that the internet is a medium to exercise fundamental rights provided by the Constitution of India. The judgement states that expressing one’s views or conducting one’s business through the internet are protected under Articles 19(1)(a) and 19(1)(g) of the Constitution respectively. However, does the Government have a positive obligation to provide access to the internet?
The National Digital Communications Policy (NDCP), 2018 seeks to unlock the transformative power of digital communications networks - to achieve the goal of digital empowerment and improved well-being of the people of India. To this end the NDCP attempts to outline a set of goals, initiatives, strategies and intended policy outcomes. This policy has three missions, the first of which is “Connect India: Creating Robust Digital Communications Infrastructure”. The aim of this mission is to promote Broadband for All as a tool for socio-economic development, while ensuring service quality and environmental sustainability.

Our recommendations to the DoT

As can be seen, while the delay in the operationalisation of the BharatNet Project in Odisha has been overlooked in the past, the current situation makes access to the internet essential. Therefore, we wrote to the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) with a list of recommendations specifically for Odisha:
  1. The USOF division of the DoT must implement the BharatNet project according to pre-existing timelines, and if they are not able to do so they must make public the reasons for this. They should also then provide clear timelines in which they estimate the work will be completed which should include a monthly breakdown of work completed. They should also announce an explicit last date by when the project is complete and a detailed timeline with expected benchmarks.
  2. BBNL must highlight if they face any regulatory hurdles, so that those can be worked on by the DoT and the USOF division, BBNL and local municipal authorities.
  3. In the interim, vulnerable populations should be provided with subsidised broad based internet based services/transaction opportunities at CSCs, kiosks, post offices, legal services authorities, cyber cafes, etc.
  4. Funds should also be allocated under USOF and national/state disaster relief funds for subsidised access to internet connectivity and internet enabled devices. Special subsidies can be designed for students, healthcare workers and senior citizens.

Help us map the Digital Divide in India

In a reply to a question in Lok Sabha, Sanjay Dhotre, MoS for Communications, Human Resource Development and Electronics & Information Technology said that, “In 27,721 villages of India, there are still no mobile connections due to various issues”. Odisha trails the most with 6,549 villages without any mobile network. Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh follow Odisha with 2000-3000 villages without any mobile network. This sets back our fellow Indians, from the benefit of fast and affordable 4G internet.
If you live in such a region that lacks mobile internet infrastructure and want to help us in mapping this digital divide, please fill out the form here. We will assess the reason for the lack of 4G infrastructure and seek appropriate interventions. Help us help you!

Important Documents

  1. Representation to the DoT on Internet Access issues in Odisha dated September 8, 2020 (link)
  2. Thank you for A&N Islands.... Next #4GforAll dated August 11, 2020 (link)
  3. Govt agrees to staggered restoration of 4G mobile internet in J&K before the Supreme Court dated August 11, 2020 (link)
If you would like to support our work, we urge you to contribute to the ongoing fundraising campaign for obtaining secure and essential digital tools for our team. Donate and become an IFF member today!
submitted by InternetFreedomIn to india [link] [comments]


2020.09.08 19:01 StevenStevens43 Destroyed Temple of Thoth

Destroyed Temple of Thoth
Ethriel:
In Irish mythology, there was an Irish high king named Ethriel.
Ethriel is supposed to have reigned during the same period that Samson was the king of the tribes of Dan.
Ethriel
Ethriel, son of Íriel Fáid, according to medieval Irish legends and historical traditions, succeeded his father as High King of Ireland. During his reign he cleared six plains. He ruled for twenty years, until he was killed in the Battle of Rairiu by Conmáel in revenge for his father Éber Finn, who had been killed by Ethriel's grandfather Érimón. He was the last of the chieftains who arrived in the invasion of the sons of Míl) to rule Ireland. The Lebor Gabála Érenn says that during his reign Tautanes, king of Assyria, died (1182 BC according to Jerome's Chronicon)), as did Hector and Achilles (the Trojan War is usually dated to the 13th century BC), and Samson was king of the Tribe of Dan in ancient Israel.[1] Geoffrey Keating dates his reign from 1259 to 1239 BC,[2]
Link for photo
Samson fighting a Lion
Tribe of Danaan:
Ethriel himself, was from the tribe of Danann, as he was a Son of Mil, who was a king of Spain, and as we have covered in previous articles, Iberia was a Celtic stronghold during this period. (see Beaker culture).
Milesians)
In the Lebor Gabála Érenn, a medieval Irish Christian pseudo-history, the Milesians (Irish: gairthear Mílidh Easpáinne) are the final race to settle in Ireland. They represent the Irish people. The Milesians are Gaels who sail to Ireland from Iberia (Hispania) after spending hundreds of years travelling the earth. When they land in Ireland they contend with the Tuatha Dé Danann
Link for photo#/media/File:Mythsand_legends;_the_Celtic_race(1910)_(14760459036).jpg)
Sons of Mil
Tuatha de Dannan:
Now, the reason we know that Ethriel was from the tribe of Dannan, is because the Sons of Mil were the legendary Tuatha de Dannan, and the etymology of "Tuatha", means "People, tribe, nation".
Name
The Old Irish word tuath (plural tuatha) means "people, tribe, nation";
Superhuman:
Now the fact that many superhuman attributes get awarded to Tuatha de Dannan figures, perhaps makes the Tuatha de Dannan appear mythological.
However it is quite contemporary that during this period there was an Indo-Aryan empire known as the Hittite empire that was waging a serious assault on Egypt and it's surrounding vassal kingdoms, and those Hittites began to take on a super-human aura.
New kingdom
During the Hittite Empire period the kingship became hereditary and the king took on a "superhuman aura" and began to be referred to by the Hittite citizens as "My Sun". The kings of the Empire period began acting as a high priest for the whole kingdom—making an annual tour of the Hittite holy cities, conducting festivals and supervising the upkeep of the sanctuaries.[45]
King Thorri:
A good example of super-human legends comes from a Swedish mythological king named king Thorri from house of ynglings, who is supposed to be descended from Dan I.
About Thorri
King Thorri (Þorri 'frozen snow') was son of Snær ('Snow') the Old, a descendant of Fornjót ("king of Jotlandi (also spelled Gotlandi[2]), later known as Quennlandi and Finnlandi"). See Snær and Fornjót for further information. The name Þorri has long been connected with that of Þórr, the name of the Norse thunder god Thor, or thunder personified.[3]
A grandson of King Snow, and Frost before that, king Nór marries Hedda (Höddu) daughter of Svaða Jótun that may be seen as descending from the Scyldings, from the Kings of Lejre, the stronghold of the descendants of Dan) in Denmark.
Link for photo
Thor
Superman:
Another good example of self confessed supermen during this period, comes from Indo god of war, Subrahmanya.
Kartikeya (Sanskrit: कार्त्तिकेय, IAST: Kārttikeya), also known as Skanda, Kumara,[4], Murugan and Subrahmanya, is the Hindu god of war.[5]
Link for photo
Subrahmanya
Sea peoples:
Now during this period, several pharoahs, including Merneptah, carried out wars against a notorious naval group named the "sea peoples".
He described the sea peoples as "Northerners from all lands".
Campaigns
Merneptah had to carry out several military campaigns during his reign. In the fifth year of his rule, he fought against the Libyans, who— with the assistance of the Sea Peoples— were threatening Egypt from the west. Merneptah led a victorious six-hour battle against a combined Libyan and Sea People force at the city of Perire, probably located on the western edge of the Nile delta. His account of this campaign against the Sea Peoples and Libu is described in prose on a wall beside the sixth pylon at Karnak, which states:
[Beginning of the victory that his majesty achieved in the land of Libya] -I, Ekwesh, Teresh, Lukka, Sherden, Shekelesh, Northerners coming from all lands.
Link for photo
Merneptah
Merneptah:
Merneptah reigned 1213 and 1203 BC, so that would not quite put him within the 1259 to 1239 BC period given in Irish mythology for the reign of Samson.
Merneptah
Merneptah or Merenptah (reigned July or August 1213 BC – May 2, 1203 BC) was the fourth pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt.
Ramesses II:
The reign of Samson would have been during the reign of Remesses II:
Ramesses II
Ramesses II /ˈræməsiːz, ˈræmsiːz, ˈræmziːz/[5] (variously also spelt Rameses[6] or Ramses (Ancient Egyptian: rꜥ-ms-sw "Ra is the one who bore him" > Koinē Greek: Ῥαμέσσης, romanized: Rhaméssēs); c. 1303 BC – July or August 1213; reigned 1279–1213 BC[7]), also known as Ramesses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt.
Link for photo.jpg)
Ramesses II
Battle against Sherden sea pirates:
Now the war between Egypt and the Hittite empire, was not a quick one, it carried on for hundreds of years, until the Hittites eventually collapsed the Egyptian dynasty, and therefore, Ramesses II was also called in to action against Sherden sea pirates.
Battle against sherden sea pirates
In his second year, Ramesses II decisively defeated the Sherden sea pirates who were wreaking havoc along Egypt's Mediterranean coast by attacking cargo-laden vessels travelling the sea routes to Egypt.[20] The Sherden people probably came from the coast of Ionia, from southwest Anatolia or perhaps, also from the island of Sardinia.[21][22][23] Ramesses posted troops and ships at strategic points along the coast and patiently allowed the pirates to attack their perceived prey before skillfully catching them by surprise in a sea battle and capturing them all in a single action.[24]
Sea peoples:
Now let us just stop a moment, to make sure we are under no elusions as to how notorious the Sea peoples were.
The Sea peoples are actually blamed for the late bronze age collapse, and likely led to the downfall of the native egyptian dynasty, more than the pitch battles conducted by the Hittite army.
Sea peoples
The Sea Peoples are a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).
Tribe of Dan:
Now what happened to the survivors of those defeats that got captured?
Well, the Egyptians en-rolled them in to the Egyptian army, in return for donating them lands in vassal kingdoms.
What happened to those that escaped? Well, would they not have just went home? Perhaps made their way back to Ireland, via their Iberian strong-hold?
Now, the best theory for who the tribe of Dan is, is that they were captured sea peoples from the tribe of Dannan. Or tribe of Denyan, as referred to by the Egyptians.
Amenope
The Onomasticon of Amenope, or Amenemipit (amen-em-apt), gives slight credence to the idea that the Ramesside kings settled the Sea Peoples in Canaan. Dated to about 1100 BCE, at the end of the 21st dynasty (which had numerous short-reigned pharaohs), this document simply lists names. After six place names, four of which were in Philistia, the scribe lists the Sherden (Line 268), the Tjeker (Line 269) and the Peleset (Line 270), who might be presumed to occupy those cities.[79] The Story of Wenamun on a papyrus of the same cache also places the Tjeker in Dor at that time. The fact that the Biblical maritime Tribe of Dan was initially located between the Philistines and the Tjekker, has prompted some to suggest that they may originally have been Denyen.
Tribe of Dan:
Now, typical of a sea fairing people, the Denyans ended up settling in a coastal part of Israel.
Tribe of Dan
The Tribe of Dan (Hebrew: דָּן‎), meaning, "Judge", was one of the tribes of Israel, according to the Torah. They were allocated a coastal portion of land when the people of Israel entered the Promised Land, later moving northwards.
Link for photo
Tribe of Dan
Lived on their boats:
Now, the Danites are believed to have actually not bothered settling on the Danite mainland of Israel, instead choosing to just live in their boats.
Assumably in the harbours.
Characteristics
Their primary trade characteristic was seafaring, unusual for the Israelite tribes.[19] In the Song of Deborah the tribe is said to have stayed on their ships with their belongings.[20
The Danites left port at the fall of the Hittite empire:
Now, when the Assyrian empire rose up and defeated the Hittite empire, the Danites took off in their boats and did not bother to hang around and Help Israel defend themselves against the Assyrians, and they were never seen again.
Assyrian conquest and demise
As part of the Kingdom of Israel), the territory of Dan was conquered by the Assyrians, and exiled; the manner of their exile led to their further history being lost.
Link for photo
Dan
Dan I:
Now, i think common sense alone would suggest, that the Denyan, likely returned to Northern regions, such as Ireland and Denmark.
You know, regions that had been under the kingship of Dan I, when they first got sent to the near to middle east to stop the charge of Thutmose III, who was leading the Egyptian native army northwards at a high speed.
Dan I
Dan I was the progenitor of the Danish royal house according to Saxo Grammaticus's Gesta Danorum. He supposedly held the lordship of Denmark along with his brother Angul), the father of the Angles in Angeln, which later formed the Anglo-Saxons in England.
Link for photo
Dan I
Samson:
Now this is not the end.
I now want to shift focus to Samson.
Conquest and territory
The most celebrated Danite was Samson, a Danaite judge from the period of settlement in the lands allotted by Joshua. Pnina Galpaz-Feller sees similarities between the story of Samson and Denyen tribal legends.[9]
Destroyed the temple of Dagon:
Now, Samson is attributed to have destroyed the temple of Dagon.
Samson
When the Philistines took Samson into their temple of Dagon, Samson asked to rest against one of the support pillars. After being granted permission, he prayed to God and miraculously recovered his strength, allowing him to bring down the columns, collapsing the temple and killing himself as well as all of the Philistines.
Link to photo
Pillars of Dagon
Temple of Dakka:
However, historically factually, the Temple of Dagon, was likely actually the temple of Dakka, in Nubia/Sudan/ancient egypt.
Temple of dakka
Ad-Dakka (Arab: الدكة, also el-Dakka, Egyptian: Pselqet, Greek: Pselchis) was a place in Lower Nubia. It is the site of the Greco-Roman Temple of Dakka, dedicated to Thoth, the god of wisdom in the ancient Egyptian pantheon.
Link for photo
Temple of Dakka
Temple of Thoth:
Now, in actual fact, it would not even be pertaining to the Temple of Dakka, as the temple of Dakka was only constructed in the 3rd BC, and was a reconstruction of earlier destroyed temples, in slightly different locations.
Now, dating back to the time of Ramesses II, there appears to be temple ruins from a location named Kubban, which is the earliest known temple of Dakka/Thoth.
Relocation
During the construction of the Aswan dam in the 1960s, the temple was dismantled and moved to the site of Wadi es-Sebua.[7] At the time of its removal, some reused stone blocks from Thutmose III, Seti I and Merneptah were discovered which originated from an earlier New Kingdom structure in or near Kubban.[2] The temple's pylon is now separated from the remainder of the temple due to the missing enclosure walls of the open court.
Link for photo
Nubia
Summary:
This would suggest, that the temple was likely destroyed by captured Denyan's fighting under Samson, for Ramesses II, during one of his Nubian campaigns, against the lower cataracts.
Campaigns in Nubia
Ramesses II also campaigned south of the first cataract of the Nile into Nubia. When Ramesses was about 22, two of his own sons, including Amun-her-khepeshef, accompanied him in at least one of those campaigns. By the time of Ramesses, Nubia had been a colony for 200 years, but its conquest was recalled in decoration from the temples Ramesses II built at Beit el-Wali[46] (which was the subject of epigraphic work by the Oriental Institute) during the Nubian salvage campaign of the 1960s),[47] Gerf Hussein and Kalabsha in northern Nubia. On the south wall of the Beit el-Wali temple, Ramesses II is depicted charging into battle against the Nubians in a war chariot, while his two young sons, Amun-her-khepsef and Khaemwaset, are shown behind him, also in war chariots. A wall in one of Ramesses's temples says he had to fight one battle with the Nubians without help from his soldiers.
Link for photo
Ramesses II in his War charriot
Summary:
Therefore, it is most likely that the Tuatha de Dannan, and Samson, were real historical figures, and Samson truly was a king that was involved in the destruction of a temple, but likely not in the location, nor environment, depicted in legends.
And Irish mythology, ties in perfectly with known contemporary history.
Though the story of Samson destroying the temple with his own super-human strength, is likely euhemerised from the true stroy of 408 BC olympic winner Polydamas of Skotoussa, who had quite literally won the title of hardest man in the world, after winning the pankratiast finals.
Pankratism was a sporting event were competitors fought eachother without rules.
So, unlike todays boxing events, pankratists were actually competing in real fights.
He apparently was killed whilst performing a heroic act of strength, when a roof caved in, and he held the roof up long enough for everyone else to escape, though he himself died.
Skotoussa is also thought to have killed a ferocious lion on mount Olympus with his bare hands.
Samson is also credited with this feat.
Therefore, superhuman acts achieved by Samson, are likely usurped from real stories connected with the Olympic gold medalist Skotoussa.

Polydamas of Skotoussa:
Polydamas of Skotoussa
Polydamas of Skotoussa (Greek: Πολυδάμας (gen.: -ντος) ὁ Σκοτουσσαῖος), son of Nicias, was a Thessalian pankratiast, and victor in the 93rd Olympiad (408 BC).
His size was said to be immense and the most marvellous stories are related of his strength (for example, how, without any weapons, he killed a huge lion on Mount Olympus, or how he stopped a chariot at full gallop). His reputation led Darius II of Persia to invite him to his court, where he performed similar feats.
In the end, Polydamas' strength could not prevent his demise. One summer, he and his friends were relaxing in a cave when the roof began to crumble down upon them. Believing his immense strength could prevent the cave-in, he held his hands up to the roof, trying to support it as the rocks crashed down around him. This gave enough time for his friends to flee the cave and reached safety, but Polydamas never got out and died.

submitted by StevenStevens43 to AhrensburgCulture [link] [comments]


2020.09.07 22:19 TornIntoEnthralment Amanita Chroniclles vol. 1. - A very detailed collection of 5 separate amanita trip reports

“The autumnal abundance and vibrant colors of the fly agaric mushroom make it probably the most widely recognized of our fungi. As the name suggests it was formerly used as an insecticide, with pieces often floated in milk, to intoxicate and kill flies attracted by its aroma. Similarly most people will be wary of its poisonous reputation (though fatal reactions are rare), and appreciation of this mushroom will mostly be limited to the aesthetic. It has been suggested that northern Europeans’ wariness of mushrooms may stem from long-established taboos relating to the use of mushrooms containing mind expanding substances. These would originally have been reserved for those shamans or priests who served as intermediaries between the common folk and the unseen worlds of spirit. The fly agaric may have been the earliest source of entheogens that is hallucinogenic substances used for religious or shamanic purposes, the use of which date back possibly over 10,000 years. Fly agaric has been put forward as the most likely candidate for the mysterious Soma, mentioned in around 150 hymns of the Hindu Rig-Veda, which was written between 1500 – 500 BC by Aryans in the Indus valley. Soma was a moon god, as well as a related plant and a holy brew which were also worshipped. Though there have been many suggestions as to the identity of the plant, fly agaric fits many of the Vedic references as a substance with which to contact the gods.”
I have long been fascinated by these Fairytale mushroom. I always wanted to try despite their toxic reputation. I ordered 30g’s off of an online vendor and decided to see why Mario loves these mushrooms so much. After doing extensive research on their pharmacology, dosage and preparation….. And being quarantined with the covid-19 outbreak, I decided the time was right.
The recipe for preparation (decarboxylation) into tea is as follows:
-2 cups of distilled water -15 grams of dry/ busted up fly agaric -2 tablespoons of lemon juice - add fly agaric to water and bring to a boil -Simmer on medium low for 25mins, stirring occasionally
NOTE: amanita when prepared into tea supposedly decarboxylates almost all ibotenic acid into muscimol (around 84%). This tea remains active forever, even after the tea has gone bad.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Trial#1~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ T+5:00pm – one big gulp has been consumed, the taste was acrid. If I had to describe the flavor, I would say it is salty and putrid. As though someone didn’t finish a dark ale, and let it sit in the sun for a few days… then dumped it all over sawdust…. Then performed bukkakke all over it; and then boiled it. I have heard of amanita being used in French and Bavarian cuisine, as well as in Eastern Europe. Supposedly if cooked right all muscimol and ibotenic acid is eradicated, and it contains much nutritional benefit. I’m told it’s good tasting, but after drinking this. I cannot imagine….. It’s like there’s bukkakke in my mouth, and everyone is throwing up. The stench of wet dog it was exuding last night as I boiled the tea was nauseating enough, and I’m already worried about yacking before the effects have set in.
T+5:12 I am making Ginger tea in case the nausea decides to set in. I begin smudging my living place with bay leaves. I will make my bed, where I will lie, meditating and asking what I want to gain from this trip. I put on some spiritual music to reflect on. Album of choice is Osi and the Jupiter – Nordlige Runaskog. I figured putting on fantasy ambient/ folk music was fitting while ingesting the fairytale mushroom. The violin, tribal drums, angelic singing, and deep bass sound mystical to me. Perhaps better than usual? There is already a slight change that I can’t quite put my finger on. I did not smoke weed yet today. I am noticing a mild stoning effect. Similar to drinking a double shot of spirits, as the booze hits your stomach and is beginning to take effect.
T+6:00- First alerts, I feel pleasant. There were a few waves of nausea, but nothing more. This substance is very good for meditation. My mind was completely cleared the entire time. I now feel warm and fuzzy. I have taken another few gulps, it is slightly less disgusting as before. Somehow the flavor has changed to an earthier flavor…. Tastes like the way the bag of mushrooms smells. I have not smoked weed today on purpose and I notice I feel kind of stoned; like smoking a bowl and drinking a couple beers.. Mild nausea is present, but lying down helps. Music enhancement is very apparent. There is a weird paradoxical stoning effect taking place. I am nauseous yet euphoric, full of energy yet all I want to do is chill. I cannot tell if this nausea is due to an empty stomach. Whatever is taking place is very mild. I consumed more tea. The music is very immersive, the atmosphere is peaceful.
T+6:22- I am taking one more gulp for good measure. I haven’t eaten since breakfast at 2:30pm… and I am unsure if this nausea is as a result of not having food in my stomach. I am now playing the album Uthuling Hyl by Osi and the Jupiter. This is beautiful music for this drug. I feel like I am on an epic quest. Again the effects are very mild…. I realized I only wrote about taking more tea. I am doing that now.
T+6:50- I’m getting the feeling that if these mushrooms were gunna fuck me up and send me to the hospital, they’d have done that by now. I consumed much larger gulp than I did before. I have 1/3 left in the thermos I had. I’m going to wait for any noticeable differences, and if not, consume the rest. So far I barely feel anything. At this point it may just be placebo. I feel sleepy and comfortable.
T+6:56 – effects have increased, still mild. Nausea is present but easy to ignore. My mouth is salivating more than normal and I’m having deep and meaningful conversation online. I put some more upbeat music on and it’s affecting my mood; giving me energy. Album right now is Drab Majesty – The Demonstration… I’m really into it. But I do not feel much else from this amanita.
T+7:15 I feel great. Something is there but not very strong. One thing for sure, is that I’m fucking starving. I’m going to eat some spaghetti, and then I’m downing the last of that tea and smoking weed. This may be a bad call. Wish me luck. This spaghetti is bomb; my mom made the sauce from leftover meatloaf... there is a feeling of empathogenic qualities present. I may hate my mother for so many various ways she’s fucked up my life, but she’s just a stupid old lady who tries too hard. I feel really bad for her, and I feel bad at myself for never giving her the time of day…. I begin to pity her. She never should have had kids; her life must be fucking miserable. I vow to never end up like her as long as I live. T+7:30- So far I feel much better after eating, though it may have sobered me up. It’s time to smoke a bowl and jam out to music… I made a mental note of chewing my spaghetti very well T+7:50- fuck, I forgot to do the stuff I was going to do. So far I’m pleasantly sleepy and baked for no reason I downed the rest of the tea… there was much more tea than I thought there was (I wasn’t even halfway done). Forget what I said about it not being as bad…. Drinking that much of that liquid all at once, must have tasted like licking a dogs wet asshole T+8:33- I smoked a little one hit bowl of weed and I’m definitely WAY higher than I should have been without amanita. So far the experience is underwhelming and lackluster, but pleasant. I’m expecting some wild dreams tonight.
T+8:35- I was beginning to get disappointed. Everything about this trip was apparent enough to not be placebo, but still underwhelming and weak. I begin to think I have felt all the mushroom will do to me. I even complain about it online, to a friend of mine who is asking about the trip. I had spoken too soon however. I just got a huge wave of euphoria, and a surge in very positive energy.
The best description I can give is the feeling Mario must get when he collects a mushroom. I want to do pushups. I’m giddy and excited and the world is full of wonder. The music is incredible. I put on some black metal (Akrotheism) and I’m fucking PUMPED. The feeling is increasing, I feel like Mario when he collects a star.. Typing and looking down from my fingers to my LED screen is mildly disorienting. It starts giving me a bit of nausea. I decide to lie down.
T+8:50- This is feeling rather intense. I now feel like Mario when he’s worried he did too many drug and will get sick. All my senses are extremely enhanced, and I am hyper aware of my own body. I realize I need to turn off the music and smoke a bowl. Hopefully that levels me out.
T+9:05- It actually made me twice as high, although in a more manageable way. I feel like I am on narcotics. I feel really insignificant in my 6’4” mortal coil compared to the vast expanse of the universe. “Awesome,” I think to myself. I smoke another bowl with some blue lotus extract on top. I now realize size is infinite. There are particles so small they are smaller than the universe is large and it’s almost impossible to fathom. I could be 6’4” because that is how we have learned to think…. But for all I know I’m actually infinity feet and infinity inches. My cock must be fucking ENORMOUS. I smoke another bowl and pack another one immediately after.
T+9:25- I feel like I smoked too much weed. This buzz is increasing and I’m worried how it will affect me. I realize I was barely dosing, and decided to drink almost all of it at once… I have no idea what to expect, and am slightly concerned. I decide to put on happy music and lie down. I put on some post-punk (Soviet Soviet) and lie down again.
The effects are still increasing but they’re groovy. The music is super positive sounding. I feel drunk, but when I become hyper focused on one specific part of the dry-wall I’m looking at and get some mild distortions. I begin looking around my room and noticing my center vision is zooming into my point of focus. I’m really into the music. Looking around my room feels like I’m in a music video. The CEV’s are barely present. If I heroic dose sacred lotus I get similar visions.
T+10:00- I feel very comfortable yet tired and the album has finished. I decide to watch F is for Family on Netflix. This show is hilarious and tugs at my heart string. I will note this substance has very empathogenic qualities, not to the same degree as MDMA, although present none the less.
T+11:30- I have binged watched all of season one and I now feel extremely sleepy and comfortable. I am excited to have amanita dreams.
T+1:30 – I am starting to come down. I make blue lotus tea, as well as valerian root tea.
T+2:30 – the blue lotus gave me a surge of euphoric energy, and I feel as though the amanita has completely worn off. I wish I could watch all of season 3. F is for Family is now one of my favorite shows. I resolve to order more amanita, and aim for a soma level experience next time. For now I have 15G left. I will make a tea next week and drink it all down at once next time.
T+3:30 – Lotus was a bad idea, sleep is near impossible. I have no libido to whack off. So I force myself to bust, hoping it tires me out… totally pointless.
T+10:00 – Blue lotus was a dumb idea. It fucked up my sleep and now I can’t get back to sleep. No amazing amanita dreams either, I feel hungover.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Trial#2~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ This time I decided to smoke it. I rolled the red skins from a cap into an L joint and smoked that fatty. When the shrooms first came in the mail I decided to rip some through bong. It was repulsive, made the water cloudy and barely did anything but give me bad breath. There was a vague something there but I couldn’t tell because I smoke immense amounts of weed.
After smoking the L, I noticed a mild and pleasant stoning effect, like smoking a bowl from a pipe and having a couple beers. Music was enhanced and sleep was easier. I had vivid dreams I can barely recall but I vaguely remember one involving vampires and fighting spiders in a cave.
This inspired me to try this again, but instead use the red skin of various caps as each mushroom varies in potency; I mixed in some weed and dipped the doobie into some calea zacatechichi tincture. This tasted quite pleasant and smoked smooth. Afterwards I had that same mild stoning euphoria, but when I went to bed HOLY FUCK! It had been a while since I had such a vivid dream I could recall. In my dream I was situated in a tropical paradise and though I looked human, I was actually an alien slave race to these Gundam Wing looking, warrior priests. They forced us to do battle with these extradimensional entities that looked like they were made of orange noodles. Turns out, these beings were the creators of our fabric of reality and I defected to their side. I was lucid enough to be able to fly and waged war on these Gundam Wing beings, having dogfights in the air. I remember I became a king, conqueror of the oppressive scourge! I was gifted a palace and kingdom kind of like ancient Egypt. There was this smoking hot, beautiful priestess lady, who was my wife and I fucked her. Her voice was enchanted with magic and could make anyone burst into tears when she sang. She painted tapestries of my heroic battles and sang songs about me.
I awoke with no hangover, but a pleasant sluggish feeling.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Trial #3~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
So, last time when I made the tea, I didn’t grind up the mushrooms at all. I broke them down with my fingertips instead, as the recipe for preparation was pulled off of a YouTube channel called AmanitaDreamer. Apparently, grinding them up does indeed make a real difference. I WAS aiming to do a higher dose this time… but I have also learned that citric acid is one of the best things for decarboxylation. This time I am consuming 14g in a tea with considerably more lemon juice. The reason for keeping the dose low (more or less the same as last time,) is that I have heard some people don’t get high their first time. Considering I did 15g on my first dose and found it to be underwhelming, I am playing it safe just in case I am taken very off guard and start freaking out. Playing it safe is generally a good practice with most substances when you are experimenting by yourself. I also previously drank the tea very slowly and gradually, and only got mildly high 3.5 hours into the trip. This time I will drink half all at once, then 1 -1.5 hours later I will down the rest. If at 3 hours I feel disappointed I will juice a lemon and grind a few caps into a mug, fill it with lemon juice and boiling water, steep it and consume that. Also, I will make a point to actually go to bed on time so I can fall asleep easily and get the full benefits of the mushroom.
This time I added the ginger tea into the tea as it was steeping. As I was nauseous from hunger last time, I ate a large bowl of pasta tonight at 7:45 pm. I am currently playing videogame until 9:45am, when I plan to dose. I will drink some Pepsi so I’m able to have a bit of energy and watch some trippy cartoons before bed.
T+9:45pm: Roughly 7 g’s of amanita tea downed all at once. I will note that the tea is much better than last time. I had some after I had cooked it last night just to taste and using the juice from an entire lemon as well and simmering with a bag of ginger tea, as well as the addition of black pepper, actually gave it a nice earthy taste with a bit of tang. It’s not horrible at all this way. It’s literally been 6 minutes since I chugged it back and started writing this and I already feel different in a pleasant way.
T+10:30- Downed the rest of the tea
T+11:05- I noticed there was sludge from when I strained the mush into the mug at the very bottom of my cup… I downed that too. What began as pleasant euphoria, energy, and a very nice head stoned is now turning into something else. I started out just slaying aliens on Halo…. But it is now giving me motion sickness and the game is too complex. I am definitely intoxicated; I reached a checkpoint and have no idea how to finish the objective. Eating food beforehand (I had seconds shortly before consuming the tea), and drinking Pepsi was a bad idea. I feel my high would be much better if I wasn’t scared I was going to purge.
T+11:20- Effects increasing. Music is immersive. I’m salivating heavily and looking at screens is making me more nauseous. I feel like I could have taken more but I definitely should have fasted and not drank the Pepsi. I feel too nauseous to consume more. I’m gunna make some more ginger tea and smoke some herb; hopefully that levels me out. Oddly enough, I feel higher than I did on my first run with the tea, as I drank it faster and I made it better; even though I had taken a gram more last time. Next time I’m going full soma and drinking at least 20 g’s.
T+11:30- completely levelled out. Weed is a godsend. I don’t have pasties, nor am I salivating, I have a surge of energetic euphoria, incredibly relaxed. The weed was fantastic. The strain is Alien OG that I got for an immensely cheap price, on a once and a lifetime sort of offer that fell on my lap. I am sad my weed is running low, I’m broke as fuck…. But I also really couldn’t care. I feel crunk as hell. Fantastic, but I acknowledge my dope is gunna be scarce very soon. I know I’ll pull through; I always do…so I’m jammin to reggae music and doing fuck-all. I would liken this substance maybe to some form of benzo… only not shitty (I fuckin hate benzos,), with less memory loss and a really groovy body buzz….. kind of like alcohol but much more clear headed and introspective….but also a little psych-y and dissociating like low dose ketamine.. It is a bit trippy though. I feel great and groovy. My mind is playing movies for me and music is affecting it. Felt like my brain was dancing to Bob Marley…. I am now listening to extreme metal and the massive shift is hilarious, fuck I’m in a good mood. Though I do find this dose underwhelming at least I know my limits, and know what is already safe. The “trip” supposedly happens when you go to bed. Last time, I didn’t get any dreams because I stayed awake until it wore off. I’m gunna go for a walk with a joint, watch some Netflix and pass out.
T+12:12- Though I do find this dose underwhelming, at least I know my limits and what is already safe. I am satisfied with where I am at right now. I feel sleepy and the effects are still increasing into an amazing drunken body buzz. Kinda like GHB if it was a dissociative. Very compelled to go on that walk (I haven’t yet.) I had drenched the spliff I rolled in dream herb tincture and I’m waiting for it to dry. Effects are still increasing.
T+12:24- the joint is dry enough! Walk time.
T+12:49- I’m fucked after smoking that. Everything has amplified each other. Typing is becoming more difficult. Overall I feel euphoric and wobbly. My mind played some tricks on me on my walk. I noticed two trees I see all the time looked fucking enormous; huge and majestic. Another one seemed really small, and the pond in the park looked big as well. I was like “Wow fuck that tree’s big”. I then noticed the smaller tree was just far away; and it was in fact bigger than the other one. I haven’t walked through that pond in the dark for a long time…. I noticed one of the neighbors had a projector in their backyard and it’s projecting a penguin in sunglasses with snowflakes falling beside him. I don’t know why it’s there and it was way funnier than it should have been. This is a cool effect (micropsia/ macropsia) so I’m making 1 cup worth of more amanita tea.
T+12:55- I’m making tea and nice and intoxicated
T+1:42- I feel like I may have hit the peak. This was hitting in waves as I made the tea. I snacked out on chips and just consumed 4 grams. I notice I felt like I could sleep really easily, earlier in the night. I’m gunna watch some trippy cartoons, smoke some bud, and hit the hay as the other 4 grams come on.
T+2:45- I am still very inebriated, but completely in control; now I know my limits. Next time, I’m going all in and doing an oz. (maybe not all in one sitting) I would have made more agaric tea but it’s late. I put on diffraction glasses, and watched Midnight Gospel… I thought it was a terrible first episode, and also second episode, but I’m just high enough that it’s good now; it’s a pretty fucked show. Part way through, I received some nudes on my phone, really well taken ones. I started masturbating…. But I just couldn’t stay horny long enough to bust. All I did was get my hands dirty…I may have passed the peak and I’m just perma-fried feeling from the 4 g’s. Weed enhances and I’m super sleepy, just steeping my bed-time tea. I should have taken more but, oh well. I feel extremely tired, and I’m excited to sleep; time for bed. I will be sure to make a dream journal of my dreams if I can remember. I’m Going to dose on dream herb again for greater dream recall. Taking some Sleepy Time Tea as well) passionflower, chamomile, etc… will conclude in morning.
T+5:45- I passed out with an audio-book of Robert Frost poetry, woke up 2 hours later with the most intense urge to piss I have ever felt. I swear I must have pissed consistently for at least 2 minutes. I vaguely remember a dream of a castle
T+10:45- Getting back to sleep was incredibly easy, unfortunately I do not remember a single dream I had, very disappointed. I’m not sure if the passionflower, melatonin or weed negated these vivid dreams. Tonight I’m gunna make the rest that I have (6-8g's) into tea and chug it down right before crawling into bed in the hopes I can record some of the dreams.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Trial #4~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
T+12:20am- I only had about 7 or 8 grams left, and I used them all up. Following the same modified recipe I used to Trial #3, I made my brew and quickly downed it all at once. I watched an episode of Rick and Morty, smoked a joint, made some peppermint and valerian root tea, and began getting ready for bed as the effects started coming on. After I was all washed and brushed, took my pee and flossed my teeth, I returned to my bedroom to go to sleep. This dose took me by surprise, because although I only did 7-8g’s (half as much as last time) I was just as high as I was in Trial #3…. (In my first trials)I had begun to think that amanita being hallucinogenic is a myth; that it is more of a narcotic or dissociative than a psychedelic. I have no idea why this dose produced these effects but I felt them.
I was basking in euphoria, and enjoying closed eye visuals. Although, these CEV’s did not get stronger than level 3 or level 4 geometry. I remember a gold and purple flower type structure that reminded me of an abstract scene in the movie Fantasia. My room felt like it was gigantic, I had just cleaned up and it was big like a palace. Random parts of my track lighting on my ceiling turned from eggshell white into a teal, then to off white, then to red, then to off white. Things breathed slightly and looking at something for a long time produced some interesting visual distortion. Possibly, the only accurate way to describe what I mean is that scene in Jaws, where someone is getting attacked after they were advised to close the beaches….. This effect was produced by zooming the camera into a close-up while simultaneously backing it away. They call this effect “the dolly zoom”…. And looking at light fixtures and other parts of my room produced this sensation.
I put on some ambient music and fell asleep. I slept really well; I definitely did dream, I just had no recollection of it. Surprisingly, I had no hangover, I was refreshed.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Trial #5~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Recipe for the larger batch is as follows: -4 cups of tap water -25 grams of dry/powdered fly agaric(caps) -juice of an entire lemon -Ginger teabag -A generous amount of black pepper - add fly agaric to lemon juice and mix until a paste and thoroughly coated; let soak for 10 mins -Add water, Bring to boil, and simmer on medium-low for 25-30mins, stirring occasionally
T+10:15pm- I had brewed 25grams of fly agaric the night prior. I used about 4 cups of water and although it reduced greatly, I had to separate it into 2 thermoses to fit it all. The first thermos (roughly 12g’s has been consumed). I will wait an hour then consume the other one. I used to despise the taste of the tea, yet I think I got the recipe/ technique on lock. It’s not so bad anymore. I’m sitting around waiting for effects and pre-rolling many joints for the trip. I’m gunna watch a movie and then go for a walk around the block and head to bed. Hopefully I finally have these lucid dream I been after. Tonight I am trying to go full soma.
T+10:50pm- I noticed the initial phase of nausea had set itself in. I tend to feel this way at the beginning of all my amanita trips. My hypothesis, is that this occurs do to my liver beginning to decarboxylate the remaining ibotenic acid leftover in the tea. I have found weed is incredible while high on fly agaric. Cannabis completely counteracts any negative effects amanitas give me. They both amplify the hell out of each other, but I find the combo to have a “balancing act” quality to it.
I started feeling woozy, so I went for a walk around the block and blazed a doobie; I am now back at my house and very high. Amanita is definitely taking effect now as the clock turns 11:11.
T+11:15pm- Effects are increasing, as I try to find a movie on Netflix. I retrieve my other thermos with the tea inside, and begin taking my first sips
T+11:30pm- Effects from first dose are still increasing as I drink half the other thermos. I decide to watch The Shape of Water…. I hear some lady fucks a fish monster… and that is all I know about this movie.
T+11:50pm- I’m very inebriated. I leave about 3g worth of tea in the thermos left.
T+12:30am- I keep getting higher, almost like my brain is a basin that is overflowing. I begin to worry if it will be too much. I feel sort of like I’m spinning and these effects have yet to stop increasing. I went outside and smoked a joint. I feel way better now. Ego= intact
~~~~~NOTE: I could no longer type after this point, so the remaining timestamps will be told from memory; though I did jot down the actual times. My last entry before abandoning writing the report will be posted below. Writing this took everything I had and took a very long time to type. Trying to get my thoughts down was becoming overwhelmingly difficult and nothing I said was making any sense. The last entry I made before entering freak-out mode is below:
T+128am- M right hand is numb and I was very worried/. I am getting the spins. I worry this might become too intense. I drnak thew rest of the tea and it’s scary. I started typing and it was feeding into it. Creating a serious fear Im gunna die. I called my friend mario~~~~~
T+12:45am- I got over confident, and downed the last bit in the thermos, including the gross mush of fungis at the bottom. Immediately afterwards, I got smacked in the face with an almost overwhelming tidal wave of amanita effects. I physically felt my brain flooding with GABA. I begin to worry if I will get ego death. I feel like I am getting the spins and level 4 geometry is visible when I close my eyes. I keep experiencing a “dolly zoom” effect as well; just like I had written about in Trial #4.
With much difficulty, I did some math and realized the effects of the tea are only just kicking in now and I have a while to go before I start peaking. “Calm down” I tell myself”- as I tell myself this, I get SMACKED with intense levels of dissociation as it feels like my brain is liquefying into cerebral soup. “You’re just really high man, you will be okay”. I resolve to continue watching the movie I was watching in the hopes it distracts me. This movie is really well done; but the lighting, soundtrack, themes and bleakness of it start to really bum me out. This movie is creepy, and I haven’t even seen her fuck the fish monster yet.
T+1:15am- I’m really worried about ego death and starting to freak out. I feel like I definitely could not sleep if I tried. Fly agaric lasts a long time, and takes a while to finally set in…. I drank the tea thinking I would be ready for it, if I did experience ego death… but now that these effects are building and compounding on themselves, I feel as though that sort of experience would be very overwhelming. I have another 6-8 hours to go and I am only in the initial beginning stages
T+1:28am- I am sweating and I’m getting tremors in my legs and body. Things are breathing faintly and I have definitely hit a state of micropsia/macropsia. I feel like my brain is being massaged, which is an extremely weird sensation…. Like I am being massaged, but in a pattern-like loop that keeps repeating. My hands and feet are numb and I’m getting tingles in my right hand. Literally every second by the second, these effects are hitting me like a rocket ship and getting more intense. My face feels very warm and I am having weird visual distortions. My vision appears to be looking through a dreamlike, visual haze; with tunnel vision that keeps zooming in on my center of focus.
Closed eyed visuals are present and very interesting, although not extending past level 4 geometry… closing my eyes increases the effects drastically and then opening my eyes makes it even more intense…. Now, for a drug that acts almost the same way as alcohol or benzos, I am fucking FREAKING OUT. So many “what ifs” at play- Did I take too much? Did I poison myself? Is this a bad idea? Oh man this WAS a bad idea! Why are my hands tingling??
Every time I tell myself I’m going to be okay, these effects get twice as intense. My hands and feet are numb, and I can hear a noise that sounds like I’m by the ocean. I can literally feel every liter of blood coursing through my body at every heartbeat and my brain is pulsating to it. This is an extremely weird sensation… it’s not necessarily a bad sensation; just a very concerning one. This pulsating in my brain became weird as my right thumb became even more numb and tingly.
Now, my WORST fear in general, is stroke or aneurysm. I had convinced myself I was gunna die and had poisoned myself. I phone up my friend Mario and facetime him. Communication was very hard but he really levelled me out. I became calmer, and heeded his advice to just ride it out and listen to music. I had interrupted him and his band watching Seinfeld when I called, so I let him go and knew he was right. I’m on a colossal amount of drugs by myself and it’s normal to freak out. I put on some music and it was hard to concentrate. I play some Bob Marley(comfort music) and lie down as these effects continue to skyrocket
T+1:45am- I was lying on my couch awaiting the peak effects to set in. I feel like I am melting and shrinking and expanding. It’s hard to describe these hallucinations, but my best attempt would be to see thin layers of phosphenes (the static when you close your eyes), making transparently thin, abstract concepts - minor visual distortions somewhat similar to low dose mushrooms, or high dose Ambien. An example of one of these hallucinations (which wasn’t even really there… more like protruding from a wild imagination), would be that as I was staring at my ceiling, it shifted to a pale green color and I saw many 2 dimensional staircases plastered on every angle while invisible men walked up and down.
These effects didn’t stop increasing, they were compounding on themselves by the second and I was getting tremors throughout my body. I get this crazy sensation inside my skull, as it feels like a tidal wave of GABA floods my brain. I get the spins, I feel as though I’m trapped on a Beyblade that never stops spinning and only gets faster.
I feel like Alice when she starts shrinking and start getting absurd thought loops. I feel and hear my heartbeat as a cacophony of distorted sounds and my voice sounds foreign and alien. My limbs are tingling and I can’t feel my face…. In a panic I message a friend who lives in a different time zone. He was just waking up in his country and conveying anything I tried to type to him, was next to impossible. Although, he did calm me down, I am still embarrassed for freaking out at him. I thought I had plateaued, and calmed down. I resolve to eat some popcorn and drink lots of water (rationalizing it would absorb the drug and keep my liver occupied, as well help excrete the drug faster).
T+2:50am- I return from doing this and these spins have me floored. I notice my hands turn pink, then blue, then purple, then indigo and then normal…. “Oh fuck.” I am still not even near the peak yet. I gotta go to bed; I think I can sleep now.
T+2:53- There is an underlying feeling of impending doom present. These effects are not good or bad, but certainly overwhelming, sort of like being ABSOLUTELY-WASTED drunk, minus the nausea. The effects are still increasing, I am breathing heavily and I feel like I need to sleep this off. Walking to the bathroom to brush my teeth is very difficult. I have very poor motor skills and balance. These next few hours will be the peak. I know I need to ride it out. I vow never to do this much amanita again. “Shaman doses are for shamans, silly-willy”, I think to myself as I tried to make my bed in a FUBAR’d state. I crawl into bed as the effects are STILL increasing by the minute. My body feels like it’s melting as my brain became a sloshing soup of pulsating vibes. My bed was spinning hard and sleep is not coming easy. Very unique styles of CEV’s are playing out before me. They remind me of a translucent Matt W. Moore type abstract painting.
I drank so much water in such a short time span; I keep stumbling to the bathroom to take a leak. I was going to attempt to drink my own piss like a soma-shaman in Trial #6… but, after this experience, I do not believe any more experimentation needs to be documented. I notice my piss smells like fly agaric brew and I am very repulsed by this. The thought of drinking that down while it drips down my beard makes me gag.
T+2:59- Holy fuck!! It’s only been a few minutes. I’m still getting more intoxicated by the second; I think I will be okay. I need sleep, so I turn off my lights and try sleeping…. I have mice in my ceiling and the way they were running sounded very creepy. I turn on the lights and sleep with the YouTube channel, SomeoneThatsNoone narrating trip reports, as I try to sleep again. One of these trip reports is of a girl who literally dies from taking fly agaric. “FUCK OFF” I say as I switch to the next video.
T+5:30am- I awake with my phone next to me with my lamp on beside me. I would have continued sleeping but my bladder woke me up. I stumble to the bathroom and take a massive piss.
T+8:02am- got up again, and took a massive piss. I believe the effects have started to diminish and I slept past the peak. I still feel intoxicated, but taking a 2 minute long piss definitely sobered me up. I’m gunna keep sleeping until fully back to baseline
T+12:30pm- Renovations taking place in my bathroom woke me up. I have a fleeting memory of meeting a wizard in my dreams, who was teaching me alchemy and we collected amanita muscaria. He taught me some secret handshake that looked like that funny dance CHOLO gangsters do. I pass back out immediately. In my dream, there was a warlock wearing robes, I was helping him mix a cauldron; however, this did not look normal. It was like I was tripping hard in my dream; this cauldron was represented as a massive body of electrified, pink liquid. I couldn’t tell if we were in a forest or outer space. He instructed me specifically to add potassium into this cauldron. Levitating 2 dimensional and abstract hands made of crystals, dropped things into this pink landscape; which immediately began burning red fire and producing blue smoke as this cauldorn turned purple. I vaguely remember walking through this weird space forest and him motioning with his finger for me to look at something. That something, turned out to be glowing red amanitas. We then made a secret handshake of linking our hands together while pointing at each other and joined our feet and hopping around in a circle.
T+1:45pm- I am now awake and surprisingly not hungover; sluggish but refreshed. I am basking in afterglow euphoria and smoking weed feels fantastic. I get out of bed and made some eggs and hash browns, drank some coffee and holy basil tea. Afterwards I sat reflecting on my experience and how to put it into words.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~CONCLUSION~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
From my humble experience, labelling fly agaric as a deliriant/ psychedelic is a total misnomer classification for this substance. It may have psychedelic qualities to it, being that is great for meditation and introspection on certain (lower) doses. It can produce a very unique sense of internalized hypnagogia and has much potential for lucid dreaming. These mushrooms truly deserve the fairytale moniker; I believe they really are “magic mushrooms”. The dream I had in Trial #5 was so vivid and surreal. A couple days after that trip, I told a close friend about that dream and he pointed out that potassium actually has an exothermic reaction when placed in aqueous solutions…. So oddly specific and I had no knowledge of this prior. My interest in science developed after high school and I skipped much of science class in those days. Possibly it was my reptilian brain opening a forgotten memory of information I didn’t absorb a decade ago? If they aren’t magical then why was I transported to a fucking space-forest where a wizard taught me fucking alchemy? I can definitely understand the sacred connotations of such mushrooms and their use in shamanism. If only I was initiated, I could see them being used as tools for oneiromancy and divination.
If I were to classify this substance, I would have to put them in the “dissociative” category. I could compare them to so many substances. They remind me of a trippy version of GHB, but they also remind me of alcohol, low-dose ketamine and at times even narcotics like suboxone or morphine.
The only way I could EVER see them being placed in a deliriant category is if somebody managed to move around in a fugue state of somnambulism; dreaming while walking around…. Which very well could be possible given the person or (high enough) dosage; being that I am not prone to sleep walking, and most people are not, I cannot possibly classify these mushrooms as such.
From my experience, the lucid dreaming potential of these mushrooms is best employed via the smoking ROA; as I found to have much better dream recall and a much easier time falling asleep. When smoking the skins in a joint, the taste isn’t unpleasant in the slightest, and if prepared right the tea isn’t half bad tasting.
Due to the varying potency between different fly agaric fruits, and the steep dosage response curve that varies from person to person, it is clear that recommending a proper dosage to anyone isn’t very responsible and it is best to start low and work your way up. I do not believe these mushrooms are as toxic as people say they are.
I intend to experiment further, yet still stay in my limits; and perhaps try a microdosing regiment and record a retrospective report of any benefits or cons. Until next time, I hope this report helps someone in their research or leads them on a safe trip.
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  7. Ananya Panday proposes to Kartik Aaryan! - YouTube
  8. CONFIRMED Shahrukh Khan's Son Aryan Is Dating Saif Ali Khan's Daughter Sara

Thanks for watching. Next, discover The 66 Texts That Make Her Chase you for Sex ️ http://66texts.com ===== F... Sara Ali Khan's FUNNY Reaction On DATING Kartik Aryan At Simmba Movie Trailer Launch - Duration: 4:40. Newz Bollywood 234,403 views. 4:40. Shahrukh Khan's son Aryan Khan dating blogger from London. According to a report in Mumbai Mirror. The report states that Gauri Khan has met the girl and is very happy with her. Regarding Aryan ... Karan Johar celebrated his birthday yesterday and while many celebs graced his birthday bash, what caught our eye was a pic of these two star kids hanging out and having a jolly good time. We are ... Kriti Sanon and Kartik Aryan were spotted out for dinner at Hakassan with some friends. WATCH! Reporter: Alice Peter Editor: Ajay Mishra Subscribe now and wa... Bollywood has always been one merry-go-round for this sort of thing. But it was Kartik who kind of upped the Musical Chairs Stakes by hopping from one co-star to another. When he was making Love ... See Kartik Aryan SAVE Gf Sara Ali Khan From Falling & Shows LOVE & CARE for her At Airport - Duration: 25:38. Home Bollywud 546,774 views Click here to Subscribe :- https://bit.ly/SiddharthKannan #KartikAaryan #AnanyaPanday #PatiPatniaurwoh Follow Me On - Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/sid...